Samyojya, Saṃyojya, Sam-yojya: 7 definitions


Samyojya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Saṃyojya (संयोज्य) refers to “having united” (with the highest reality), according to the Netratantroddyota commentary on the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 8.8-9, while describing the purification process of the initiand]—“[Then,] After [the Mantrin has] united (saṃyojya) [the disciple] with the highest reality, he should cause him to dwell there. [In this way [the initiand] will become one with that [tattva]. Now, [let us turn to] the differentiation of union with the tattvas]. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃyojya (संयोज्य) refers to “conjoining (the senses of the root)”, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya verse 7.176cd-179ab.— Accordingly, “There is a Cavity at the end of the Cavity within the Triangle. The Void that is in front of (that) Cavity merges into the mouth of the Void and the mind that arises within the mind does so within the beginningless Great Yoni of consciousness. Conjoining (saṃyojya) the senses of the root in the house of licking, which includes kissing and the rest, in the accord with the procedure of the mutual practice and, abandoning one thing, if the mind does not (go on to) grasp another, then the supreme Brahman, which is one's own essential nature, manifests”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samyojya in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Saṃyojya (संयोज्य) refers to “having fixed (the eyes)” (on a light), according to the South-Indian recension of the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Tāraka [yoga] has a form consisting of all material forms and is limited to the senses. Practiced in two ways, it is dependent on the mind [and] causes one to cross over everything [to liberation]. Having fixed (saṃyojya) the eyes on a light, [the yogin] should raise the eyebrows a little. This method of the preliminary yoga causes the no-mind state [to arise] spontaneously. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samyojya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃyojya (संयोज्य) refers to “having joined” (a head to the body), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.17 (“The Resuscitation of Gaṇeśa”).—Accordingly, after Śiva spoke to the Gods: “Then they carried out Śiva’s behests and acted accordingly. They brought the headless body of Gaṇeśa and washed it well. They paid homage to it and started towards the north. It was a single-tusked elephant that they met. They took the head and fitted it to the body. After joining it (saṃyojya), the gods bowed to Śiva, Viṣṇu and Brahmā and spoke—‘What has been ordered by you has been carried out by us. Let the task left incomplete be performed now’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Saṃyojya (संयोज्य) refers to the “combination (of substances)” (suitable for an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly [as the Bhagavān taught the detailed offering-manual], “[...] Four Nāga kings should be prepared in the middle of the ditch. [...] Decorations should be made with ribbons and banners. Worship should be performed. One should perfume agaru, sandal and olibanum, and combine (saṃyojya ) tagara, nalada, kunduruka, liquor, parched grain, mustard seed and sarja-resin with honey. It should be enchanted with the mantra twenty-one times and incense should be offered for the Nāgas. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃyojya (संयोज्य):—[=saṃ-yojya] [from saṃ-yojaka > saṃ-yuj] mfn. to be joined or brought together, to be fixed upon ([locative case]), [Mahābhārata]

[Sanskrit to German]

Samyojya in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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