Samtapa, Saṃtāpa, Saṃtāpā, Santāpa, Santapa: 22 definitions


Samtapa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Santap.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Santāpa (सन्ताप):—Hotness

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

1) Santāpa (सन्ताप) refers to “fire”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must be able to meet objections and questions in clear and distinct language and must be capable of explaining the science in its purity in just the same way as separating the pure gold [from all dross] and making it capable of retaining its value when submitted to the touch stone, to the fire [i.e., santāpa] and to the hammer”.

2) Santāpa (सन्ताप) refers to “suffering”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9).—Accordingly, “If she [=Venus] should enter the constellation of Anurādhā, rulers will be at strife; if she should enter the constellation of Jyeṣṭhā, the chief rulers will suffer [i.e., kṣatramukhya-santāpa]; if she should enter the constellation of Mūla, physicians that deal in medicinal plants will suffer. In each of these three cases there will be drought in the land”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃtāpa (संताप) refers to “suffering”, according to the Kularatnapañcakāvatāra verse 1.16-23ab.—Accordingly, “One who suffers knows (reality) in the midst of suffering  (saṃtāpavetti saṃtāpe saṃtāpī) because (of his) impermanent ignorance. O fair lady, (the consequences of) Karma must be experienced due to the (power) of Karma and that is inevitable. Having understood this there is no attachment or (even) detachment in pleasure and pain. One who knows the condition of his own consciousness does not become subject to Karma. Nor should one take up any other means on the supreme plane that consists of (pure) consciousness. Thus, O goddess, this is said to be the supreme Kulakaula. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Santāpa (सन्ताप) refers to the “heat (of one’s distress)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.50 (“Description of fun and frolic”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Then the sixteen celestial ladies arrived there and saw the couple [i.e., Śiva and Pārvatī] with great respect. [...] The celestial ladies made these sweet witty remarks to Him one by one. [...] Sarasvatī said:—‘O great lord, Satī who was more than your life to you has now joyously rejoined you. O lover, seeing the face of your beloved of moonlike splendour, cast off the heat (santāpa) of your distress. Spend your time, O lord of time, in the close embrace of Satī. Thanks to my fervent wish, there will be no separation at any time between you both’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Saṃtāpā (संतापा) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Saṃtāpacinta forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Vākcakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the vākcakra refers to one of the three divisions of the nirmāṇa-puṭa (emanation layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Saṃtāpā] and Vīras are reddish madder in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Saṃtāpa (संताप) refers to the “burning pains (of vices)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “What then, the son of good family, is memory (dhāraṇī)? [...] This is called memory. When his body, speech, and mind are included in a state which is like the earth (dharaṇi), such are imperishable, the rain of the dharma falls, pacifies the burning pains of vices (kleśa-saṃtāpa), and makes all qualities of the Buddha grow. This is way of entering the way of memory. He who has attained memory (dhāraṇī) knows the practice that is never forgetting any dharma of the Buddha. In this way, son of good family, the Bodhisattva who has attained memory practices not forgetting”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Santāpa (सन्ताप) refers to one of the Kapis fighting in Rāma’s army, according to the Jain Ramayana and chapter 7.7 [The killing of Rāvaṇa] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] When the battle had been going on for a long time, the army of the Rākṣasas was broken by the Vānaras like a forest by winds. [...] [Santāpa, ...] and other Kapis fought with Rākṣasas separately, leaping up and falling down, like cocks fighting with cocks. [...] The Rakṣas Mārīca fought resolutely and killed Santāpa. [...] Then the soldiers of Rāma and Rāvaṇa returned, purifying their own men, killed and unkilled”.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Saṃtāpa (संताप) refers to the “pain (of life)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the nature of asceticism]—Astonishingly, external [and] internal asceticism is undergone by honourable mendicants who are wise [and] alarmed by the continuous series of births (janmasaṃtānaśaṅkitaiḥ; var.—janman-saṃtāpa—‘the pain of life’) [in the cycle of rebirth]. In that regard, external asceticism is declared to be of six kinds beginning with fasting while internal [asceticism] is also of [six] kinds on account of the divisions beginning with atonement”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samtapa in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

santāpa : (m.) heat; torment; grief.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Santāpa, (adj. -n.) (fr. saṃ+tap) burning; heat, fire; fig. torment, torture Sn. 1123 (cp. Nd2 636); J. I, 502; Miln. 97, 324; VbhA. 70 (various), 245 (aggi°, suriya°); Sdhp. 9, 572. (Page 676)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

Santāpa (सन्ताप).—m (S) Excessive or vehement heat, lit. fig.; burning or inflamed state (by fire, fever, lust, anger &c.) 2 Passion, rage, violent anger. 3 Perturbation or commotion of mind, affliction, anguish, distress: also the agony or agitation arising from corporal suffering.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

Santāpa (सन्ताप).—m Excessive heat. Rage, passion, violent anger. Commotion of mind, affliction, distress.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃtāpa (संताप).—

1) Heat, great heat, inflammation; नष्टज्वलनसंतापा प्रशान्ताध्यायसत्कथा (naṣṭajvalanasaṃtāpā praśāntādhyāyasatkathā) Rām.2.48.34; संतापदग्धस्य शिखण्डि- यूनो वृष्टेः पुरस्तादचिरप्रभेव (saṃtāpadagdhasya śikhaṇḍi- yūno vṛṣṭeḥ purastādaciraprabheva) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 3.4.

2) Distress, torment, suffering, torture, agony, anguish; संतापसंततिमहाव्यसनाय तस्यामासक्तमेतदनपेक्षितहेतु चेतः (saṃtāpasaṃtatimahāvyasanāya tasyāmāsaktametadanapekṣitahetu cetaḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.23; न संतापच्छेदो हिम- सरसि वा चन्द्रमसि वा (na saṃtāpacchedo hima- sarasi vā candramasi vā) 1.31; Ś.3.

3) Passion, rage.

4) Remorse, repentance; कृत्यं न कुरुते वेगान्न स संतापमाप्नुयात् (kṛtyaṃ na kurute vegānna sa saṃtāpamāpnuyāt) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 1.19.

5) Penance, fatigues of penance, mortification of the body; संतापे दिशतु शिवः शिवां प्रसक्तिम् (saṃtāpe diśatu śivaḥ śivāṃ prasaktim) Kirātārjunīya 5.5.

Derivable forms: saṃtāpaḥ (संतापः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santāpa (सन्ताप).—m.

(-paḥ) 1. Heat, burning heat. 2. Affliction, pain, distress. 3. Passion. 4. Repentance. 5. Penance. E. sam, tap to heat, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃtāpa (संताप).—i. e. sam-tap + a, m. 1. Heat, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 17, 9 (figurat.); fire, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 141, 10; [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 392. 2. Affliction, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 59. 3. Pain, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 55, 20; distress. 4. Passion. 5. Repentance, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 16. 6. Penance, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 50.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃtāpa (संताप).—[masculine] heat, pain, sorrow, distress, repentance, penance.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃtāpa (संताप):—[=saṃ-tāpa] [from saṃ-tap] m. (ifc. f(ā). ) becoming very hot, great or burning heat, glow, fire, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] affliction, pain, sorrow, anguish, distress ([accusative] with √kṛ, ‘to be distressed about [gen.]’, or ‘to cause pain’), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] self-mortification, remorse, repentance, penance, [Mahābhārata; Kirātārjunīya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santāpa (सन्ताप):—[sa-ntāpa] (paḥ) 1. m. Scorching heat; affliction; repentance; passion.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃtāpa (संताप) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃtāva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samtapa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samtapa in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃtāpa (संताप) [Also spelled santap]:—(nm) grief, distress, woe, sorrow, contrition, compunction.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃtapa (ಸಂತಪ):—[noun] great suffering, as from worry, grief or pain; agony; anguish.

--- OR ---

Saṃtāpa (ಸಂತಾಪ):—

1) [noun] great heat.

2) [noun] fire.

3) [noun] great suffering, as from worry, grief or pain; agony; anguish.

4) [noun] a repenting or being penitent; feeling of sorrow, etc. for wrong-doing; remorse; repentance.

5) [noun] (myth.) name of a hell.

6) [noun] sickness characterised by high temperature of the body.

7) [noun] violent anger; wild rage; fury; wrath.

8) [noun] fever caused by longing for sexual pleasure.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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