Santapana, Sāntapana: 8 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Santapana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Santapana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Sāntapana (सान्तपन).—An expiation ceremony for ascetics guilty of sexual act.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 18. 8.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Santāpana (सन्तापन) refers to a kind of weapon (inflaming, tormenting). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
context information

Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (dharma)

Sāntapana (सान्तपन) refers to type of penance for expiating (prāyaścitta) sins (pātaka) according to the Manusmṛti XI.213.—Accordingly, “Subsisting on the urine of cows, cow-dung, milk, sour milk clarified butter and a decoction of kuśa grass and fasting during one day and night, that is called a sāntapana-kṛcchra. On approaching a prostitute prājāpatya-kṛcchra should be performed and on approaching a widow of other person, sāntapana-vrata is the expiation”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Santapana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

santāpana (संतापन).—n S Burning, scorching, heating. 2 Exciting, exasperating, inflaming, afflicting.

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sāntapana (सांतपन).—n S A form of penance.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Santapana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāntapana (सान्तपन).—A kind of rigid penance; cf. गोमूत्रं गोमयं क्षीरं दधि सर्पिः कृशोदकम् । एकरात्रोपवासश्च कृच्छ्रं सान्तपनं स्मृतम् (gomūtraṃ gomayaṃ kṣīraṃ dadhi sarpiḥ kṛśodakam | ekarātropavāsaśca kṛcchraṃ sāntapanaṃ smṛtam) || Ms.11.212.

Derivable forms: sāntapanam (सान्तपनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santapana (सन्तपन).—n.

(-naṃ) Inflaming, torturing.

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Santāpana (सन्तापन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. Burning, scorching. 2. Paining, affliction. 3. Exciting passion. m.

(-naḥ) One of the arrows of Kamadeva or love. E. sam before tap to heat, causal form, yuc or lyuṭ aff.

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Sāntapana (सान्तपन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A sort of penance; the lighter kind is feeding on a mixture of curds, &c. for one day and fasting the next; the severer is feeding six successive days, severally, on the same articles, or on cow’s urine, cow’s ordure, milk, curds, Ghee, and water in which Kuśa grass has been steeped, and fasting on the seventh. E. sam completely, tapana austerity, aṇ added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāntapana (सान्तपन).—i. e. sam-tap + ana + a, n. A sort of penance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 212; 5, 20; 11, 129.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Santāpana (सन्तापन):—(naḥ) 1. m. One of the arrows of Kāma-deva. n. Burning; exciting passion; affliction.

2) Sāntapana (सान्तपन):—(naṃ) 1. n. A sort of penance; eating cow’s dung, &c. during six days and fasting on the seventh.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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