Samayoga, Samāyoga: 16 definitions


Samayoga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

1) Samayoga (समयोग):—Combination, a result or product of combining

2) [samayogaḥ] Appropriate interaction of sensory and motor organs with their objects

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Samāyoga (समायोग) refers to “union (with the deity) (through the highest fusion)”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala, Ṣaṭka 1 verse 13.3-18.—Accordingly, “[...] But that initiation which [is performed] after [all experiences that] need to be experienced have waned, that is the piṇḍapātikā (i.e. which causes the dropping of the body). [The Ācārya] should take hold [of the soul] through yoga and expel it with the razor and other fierce mantras in order to bring its union [with the deity] through the highest fusion (parayoga-samāyoga). For this is the [initiation which] bestows liberation immediately”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Samāyoga (समायोग) refers to the “union (of Śiva and Śakti)”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] That is said to be the union (samāyoga) of Śiva and Śakti. There, O goddess, they are also churned together as befits (the act of union). There, O dear one, the male seed and menses, the vital essence (of the god and the goddess) are mixed together. The great and immortal Drop originated there, O fair faced one, energized and shining, (it shone with the) light of tens of millions of suns. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Samāyoga (समायोग) refers to the “union” (of Ālī and Kālī), according to the Ṭīkā Pot Worship [i.e., Kalaśapūjā] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ Jambhanī, Stambhanī, Mohanī, and Ākarṣaṇī, All works (are) thus a success, by your power of infatuation, Standing in an archer’s pose, with a beautiful flaming crown, Ālī and Kālī united [i.e., ālīkālīsamāyogaṃ], Śrī Saṃvara, the supreme being”.

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Samāyoga (समायोग) refers to the “complete union (of all heroes)”, one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Exegetically, the term “ Ḍākārṇava” has multiple meanings. The literal, and possibly basic meaning, is “Ocean of Ḍākas”. In the closing verses of the chapters in the Ḍākārṇava, the Lord or Blessed One is described as having the nature of “the complete union (samāyoga) of all heroes” [sarvavīrasamāyogād], which is equivalent in meaning to the “Ocean of Ḍākas”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samayoga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

samāyoga : (m.) combination; conjunction.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Samāyoga, (saṃ+āyoga) combination, conjunction DA. I, 95; Sdhp. 45, 469. (Page 686)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samāyoga (समायोग).—

1) Union, connection, conjunction; क्षेत्रबीजसमायोगात् संभवः सर्वदेहिनाम् (kṣetrabījasamāyogāt saṃbhavaḥ sarvadehinām) Manusmṛti 9.33; तामन्यया समायोगे वीटायां ग्रहणं मम (tāmanyayā samāyoge vīṭāyāṃ grahaṇaṃ mama) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 1.31.29.

2) Preparation.

3) Fitting (an arrow.)

4) A collection, heap, multitude.

5) A cause, motive, object.

6) Association.

Derivable forms: samāyogaḥ (समायोगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāyoga (समायोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Union, junction, connection, association. 2. Heap, multitude, assemblage. 3. Cause, origin, motive, object. E. sam and āṅ before yuj to join, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāyoga (समायोग).—i. e. sam-ā-yuj + a, m. 1. Union, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 65, 6; junction, connection. 2. Aiming with (a bow), [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 67, 10. 3. Heap, multitude. 4. Cause, motive, object.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāyoga (समायोग).—[masculine] junction, connection, contact with ([instrumental] ±saha or —°); arrangement, preparation; [instrumental] by means or in consequence of (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samayoga (समयोग):—[=sama-yoga] [from sama] [wrong reading] for samāy, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Samāyoga (समायोग):—[=sam-āyoga] [from samā-yuj] m. conjunction, union, connection, contact with ([instrumental case] with and without saha, or [compound]; āt with [genitive case] or ifc. = ‘in consequence of’ or ‘by means of’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] making ready, preparation, [Kādambarī; Harṣacarita]

4) [v.s. ...] fitting (an arrow to a bow), aiming, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

5) [v.s. ...] heap, multitude, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] cause, origin, motive, object, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samāyoga (समायोग):—[samā+yoga] (gaḥ) 1. m. Union; multitude; cause, motive.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Samāyoga (समायोग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Samāoga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samayoga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samāyōga (ಸಮಾಯೋಗ):—

1) [noun] conjunction; union.

2) [noun] a making ready; preparation.

3) [noun] a placing of an arrow on a bow (for shooting).

4) [noun] a man adorned with ornaments.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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