Bhoga; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Bhoga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Bhoga (भोग).—Motion. Note: Bhoga is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Bhoga (भोग) or Bhogāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vimalāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Bhoga Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Vimala-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

(Source): Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “objects of enjoyment” and is related with the bhogopabhoga-vrata ( vow of limitations of objects of daily use). Cāmuṇḍarāya (in his Caritrasāra p. 13) has a fivefold division, built up from the less explicit model given by Pūjyapāda (in his Sarvārtha-siddhi 7.21) and Samantabhadra (in his Ratna-karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra with commentary of Prabhācandra 38-40), of paribhoga and upabhoga to which he gives the common name of bhoga.

Cāmuṇḍarāya’s five-fold division of bhoga:

  1. trasa-ghāta,
  2. pramāda,
  3. bahu-vadha,
  4. aniṣṭa,
  5. anupasevya.

Amṛtacandra (in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 164-4) insists that bhoga and upabhoga lie at the root of hiṃsā. Bearing in mind his own capacity a wise man should eschew even those varieties which are not forbidden and should restrict those which he is unable to abandon altogether. Indeed he should review continually his capacity for self-denial and if possible curtail further each day the limits already set. This of course is in the very spirit of the stories of the Upāsaka-daśāḥ.

(Source): archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Bhoga (भोग, “enjoyment”) or Bhogāntarāya refers to “gain obstructing karmas” and represents one of the dive types of Antarāya (obstructing karmas), representing one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by enjoyment obstructing (bhoga-antrāya) karmas? The rise of which obstructs enjoying consumption of worldly items even though one is fit to enjoy (consumable items) is called enjoyment obstructing karmas. What is meant by bhoga and upabhoga? Objects which are unusable or consumed after their enjoyment once are called bhoga (e.g. earned money, food items, oil etc). Objects which can be enjoyed again and again are called upabhoga (e.g. dwellings, clothes, ornaments etc).

(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

India history and geogprahy

Bhoga (भोग) may be a personal name, thus the name may stand for a pond of the astrologer named Bhoga. Another possibility is that bhoga signifies enjoyment. Also see Doṣībhogapuṣkariṇī: a place-name classified as a puṣkariṇī and mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 52.

(Source): archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Bhoga (भोग) refers to a division of a rājya (administrative division).—The bhoga and bhāga apparently appear in Vākāṭaka records as a subdivision of the rājya. Bhoga as part of a viṣaya occurs in the Jejūrī plates of Vinayāditya (a.d. 687). The rājya seems to have been subdivided into bhogas or bhāgas. Two of these, the Hiraṇyapura-bhoga and Beṇṇākārpara-bhāga, are known from inscriptions.

(Source): Early History Of The Deccan Pts.1 To 6: Principal Administrative Divisions from the Rise of the Sātavāhanas

Bhoga is one of the terms designating an ‘administrative division’ used in the inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh.—Besides the ordinary connotation of enjoyment, property, tax in kind, etc., the term was employed to designate a territorial unit which was generally a subdivision of a district. In Andhra Pradesh the occurrence of bhoga divisions is so far found only in the districts of Srikakulam, VIsakhapatnam and Prakasam. In the fifth century A.D. the Kalinga king Umavarman’s Brihatproshtha grant and the Dhavalapeta plates refer to Dantayavagu-bhoga and Mahendra-bhoga respectively. Other bhogas in the Kalinga region were Pattana-bhoga and Vonkhara-bhoga.

The bhogas were subdivisions of rashstras. The Chendalur plates of the Pallava king Kumaravishnu-II refer to Kavachakara-bhoga as a subdivision of Kammanka-rattha. Being a Sanskrit name, bhoga divisions are mentioned more in Sanskrit inscriptions and in the North than in regional languages and in the South. Bhoga divisions existed in maharashstra, Madya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and in Guj arat where it was a subdivision of a vishaya.

(Source): Shodhganga: A study of place names of Nalgonda district
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

bhoga : (m.) possession; wealth; enjoyment; the coil of a snake.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Bhoga, 2 (fr. bhuj to bend, cp. bhuja3 & Sk. bhoga id. Hālayudha 3, 20) the coil of a snake J. III, 58. See also nib°. (Page 510)

2) Bhoga, 1 (fr. bhuñj: see bhuñjati) 1. enjoyment A. IV, 392 (kāmaguṇesu bh.).—2. possession, wealth D. III, 77; Sn. 301, 421; Dh. 139, 355; Pug. 30, 57; Sdhp. 86, 228, 264.—appa° little or no possession Sn. 114.

—khandha a mass of wealth, great possessions D. II, 86 (one of the 5 profits accruing from virtue).—gāma “village of revenue, " a tributary village, i.e. a village which has to pay tribute or contributions (in food etc.) to the owner of its ground. The latter is called gāmabhojaka or gāmapati “landlord" J. II, 135. Cp. Fick, Sociale Gliederung 71, 112.—cāgin giving riches, liberal A. III, 128. .—pārijuñña loss of property or possessions VvA. 101.—mada pride or conceit of wealth VbhA. 466. —vāsin, as f. vāsinī “living in property, " i.e. to be enjoyed or made use of occasionally, one of the 10 kinds of wives: a kept woman Vin. III, 139, 140; cp. M. I, 286. (Page 509)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Marathi-English dictionary

bhōga (भोग).—m (S) Enjoyment or endurance (of pleasure or pain); fruition or experience: also the pleasure or pain enjoyed or suffered. v ghē, kara. 2 Using, use, usufruct, holding possession of. v kara, ghē. 3 Any object of enjoyment or endurance. Ex. jhālōṃ karmadharmavirahita || manāṃ āvaḍē tō bhōga bhōgati ||. 4 Pleasure or pain arising to be received or borne; allotment or lot (of the good or evil of life). v yē, uṭha, ubhā rāha, ucala. Ex. bhōga asēla titakā bhōgūna sāralā pāhijē. Pr. bhōga phiṭē āṇi vaidya bhēṭē. 5 Accomplishing; passing over or through (a space or period): also accomplished, passed, spent state. Ex. sūrya prāyaḥ tīsa divasānta ēka rāśīcā bhōga karitō. Hence used to express Celestial longitude. 6 Rice risen up during the boiling above the level of the boiler. bhōga bhōgaṇēṃ To receive the reward of one's deeds (good or bad).

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhōga (भोग).—m Enjoyment or endurance; use.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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Bhogāntarāya (भोगान्तराय, “enjoymen”) or simply Bhoga refers to “gain obstructing karmas” ...
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