Bhoga: 35 definitions


Bhoga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhog.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “happiness”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] If there were no Jyotiṣakas, the muhūrtas, the tithis, the nakṣatras, the ṛtus and the āyanas would go wrong. It therefore behoves a prince who loves success, fame, wealth, happiness [i.e., bhoga] and renown, to secure the services of a learned Jyotiṣaka”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Bhoga (भोग).—Motion. Note: Bhoga is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Bhoga (भोग) or Bhogāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Vimalāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (e.g., Bhoga Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (e.g., Vimala-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bhoga (भोग) refers to the “(sexual) enjoyment (of women)”, according to the Tantrasadbhāva (verse 6.218): an important Trika Tantra and a major authority for Kashmiri Trika Śaivites.—Accordingly, “Doing (kriyā) is what gives people results; knowledge does not produce results, just as a man knowledgable in the sexual enjoyment of women (bhoga-jñastrībhakṣyabhogajño) is not happy without doing it (kriyā). But doing should be understood as twofold: it is held to be outer and inner. Inner action (kriyā) is through yogic meditation, while outer action is through worship, ascetic observances, etc. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “rewards”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 22.5-10ab]—“Listen! I will speak to the question that remains in your heart. All the innumerable mantras, on all occasions, have the majesty of Śiva and Śakti, all are endowed with Śakti, all grant rewards (bhoga) and liberation, and [all] are nourished by one's own Śakti. However, the highest Deva is tranquil, in possession of imperceptible guṇas, [namely] Śiva who consists of all, who is pure, and who is to be understood as unsurpassed. [...]

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “enjoyment”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “the world bhaga means the primordial nature because it increases and flourishes. The śabdamātrā etc. (the cosmic sound principle i.e. all objects of enjoyment) evolved out of Prakṛti, being enjoyed by the sense organs; the word bhoga comes to mean that which gives bhaga. The principal bhaga is of course the Prakṛti and Bhagavān is Lord Śiva Himself. The lord alone is the bestower of enjoyment (bhoga) and not anyone else. The Lord who is the master of bhaga is called Bharga by wise men”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “offering foodstuffs”, according to the Arcana-dīpikā (manual on deity worship).—The procedures for offering the bālya-bhoga (early morning food offering), the madhyāhna-bhoga (noontime food offering), the cooling aparāhna-bhoga (afternoon offering of refreshments, such as fruits and sweets) and the rātrikālīna-bhoga (nighttime food offering) are the same. The noon time offering and ārati are to be completed by midday.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Vaishnavism from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “pleasure”, according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, as the Goddess said: “In (this my) eighth birth having enjoyed pleasure (bhoga), with me, this is the debt that remains. We have mutually enjoyed the false object of enjoyment as it is (in the world and created) by Māyā. In this, the eighth age of Māyā, there is no return anymore”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “food”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “When kings are overpowered by enemies with an army (or: by strong enemies), when cities are burnt down and the Kings’ army is driven away, when people in various districts do not have access to food (bhogauparuddheṣu bhogeṣu) [and other goods] — if the kingdom is thus oppressed by the enemies’ army, oh Great Sage, and if in this inadequate situation the King’s enemies are unimpeded, he should have a sixteen-armed Sudarśana constructed [and properly installed, for his power is] without obstacles”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: A Critical Study of the Vajraḍākamahātantrarāja (II)

Bhoga (भोग) or Mahākarṇa is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Sahajā Devī they preside over Bhoṭa: one of the twenty-four sacred districts mentioned in the 9th century Vajraḍākatantra (chapter 18). Their weapon is the makara and dhvaja and their abode is on top of the mountain. A similar system appears in the tradition of Hindu Tantrims, i.e., in the Kubjikāmatatantra (chapter 22), which belongs to the Śākta sect or Śaivism.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “enjoyment”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘(36) Like an illusion (māyā), body and life are impermanent (anitya). Enjoyment (bhoga) is just like a dream (svapna) and lightning (vidyut). Having generated compassion (karuṇā) in the whole world, they give a gift, being undefiled (anupalipta) by the worldly things (lokadharma). [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Jaina Yoga

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “objects of enjoyment” and is related with the bhogopabhoga-vrata ( vow of limitations of objects of daily use). Cāmuṇḍarāya (in his Caritrasāra p. 13) has a fivefold division, built up from the less explicit model given by Pūjyapāda (in his Sarvārtha-siddhi 7.21) and Samantabhadra (in his Ratna-karaṇḍa-śrāvakācāra with commentary of Prabhācandra 38-40), of paribhoga and upabhoga to which he gives the common name of bhoga.

Cāmuṇḍarāya’s five-fold division of bhoga:

  1. trasa-ghāta,
  2. pramāda,
  3. bahu-vadha,
  4. aniṣṭa,
  5. anupasevya.

Amṛtacandra (in his Puruṣārthasiddhyupāya 164-4) insists that bhoga and upabhoga lie at the root of hiṃsā. Bearing in mind his own capacity a wise man should eschew even those varieties which are not forbidden and should restrict those which he is unable to abandon altogether. Indeed he should review continually his capacity for self-denial and if possible curtail further each day the limits already set. This of course is in the very spirit of the stories of the Upāsaka-daśāḥ.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Bhoga (भोग, “enjoyment”) or Bhogāntarāya refers to “gain obstructing karmas” and represents one of the dive types of Antarāya (obstructing karmas), representing one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8.—What is meant by enjoyment obstructing (bhoga-antrāya) karmas? The rise of which obstructs enjoying consumption of worldly items even though one is fit to enjoy (consumable items) is called enjoyment obstructing karmas. What is meant by bhoga and upabhoga? Objects which are unusable or consumed after their enjoyment once are called bhoga (e.g. earned money, food items, oil etc). Objects which can be enjoyed again and again are called upabhoga (e.g. dwellings, clothes, ornaments etc).

Source: HereNow4u: Jain Dharma ka Maulika Itihasa (2)

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “luxury” and is one of the topics treated in the Jñātādharmakathā, one of the Dvādaśāṅgī (twelve Aṅgas) of Jainism.—The Jñātādharmakathā is the sixth text of the Aṅga series. The text narrates religious stories, citing examples. It deals with a multitude of topics like—the cities, gardens, auspicious installations (caityas), forests, kings, parents, samavaśaraṇas (holy conference / congregation hall), dharmācāryas (religious preceptors / leaders), religious parables, mundane and spiritual prosperity, luxury (bhoga), parityāga (sacrifice), pravrajyā (initiation), severe austerities, achieving pious death (e.g. paryāya saṃlekhanās, bhakta pratyākhyāna, pādopagamana, (going to heaven)), birth in high family, enlightenment, last-rites (antaha) of Meghakumāra etc. [...]

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Bhoga (भोग) refers to “sensual pleasures”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Is one not disturbed by [family] attachments? Is this body not cut down by diseases? Does death not open its mouth? Do calamities not do harm every day? Are hells not dreadful? Are not sensual pleasures deceiving like a dream (bhogasvapanavad bhogā na kiṃ vañcakā)? Because of which, having discarded one’s own benefit, you have a desire for the world which is like a city of Kiṃnaras”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Bhoga (भोग) may be a personal name, thus the name may stand for a pond of the astrologer named Bhoga. Another possibility is that bhoga signifies enjoyment. Also see Doṣībhogapuṣkariṇī: a place-name classified as a puṣkariṇī and mentioned in the Gupta inscription No. 52.

Source: Early History Of The Deccan Pts.1 To 6: Principal Administrative Divisions from the Rise of the Sātavāhanas

Bhoga (भोग) refers to a division of a rājya (administrative division).—The bhoga and bhāga apparently appear in Vākāṭaka records as a subdivision of the rājya. Bhoga as part of a viṣaya occurs in the Jejūrī plates of Vinayāditya (a.d. 687). The rājya seems to have been subdivided into bhogas or bhāgas. Two of these, the Hiraṇyapura-bhoga and Beṇṇākārpara-bhāga, are known from inscriptions.

Source: Shodhganga: A study of place names of Nalgonda district

Bhoga is one of the terms designating an ‘administrative division’ used in the inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh.—Besides the ordinary connotation of enjoyment, property, tax in kind, etc., the term was employed to designate a territorial unit which was generally a subdivision of a district. In Andhra Pradesh the occurrence of bhoga divisions is so far found only in the districts of Srikakulam, VIsakhapatnam and Prakasam. In the fifth century A.D. the Kalinga king Umavarman’s Brihatproshtha grant and the Dhavalapeta plates refer to Dantayavagu-bhoga and Mahendra-bhoga respectively. Other bhogas in the Kalinga region were Pattana-bhoga and Vonkhara-bhoga.

The bhogas were subdivisions of rashstras. The Chendalur plates of the Pallava king Kumaravishnu-II refer to Kavachakara-bhoga as a subdivision of Kammanka-rattha. Being a Sanskrit name, bhoga divisions are mentioned more in Sanskrit inscriptions and in the North than in regional languages and in the South. Bhoga divisions existed in maharashstra, Madya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and in Guj arat where it was a subdivision of a vishaya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhoga.—(IE 8-4; CII 3; EI 23, 33), literally, ‘enjoyment’ (cf. bhukti); a jāgīr (cf. Mahārāja-Sarvanātha-bhoga, Mahā- sāmantādhipati-Śrīdhara-bhoga, etc.); possession (cf. bhog- ādhīnā gṛhītā). Originally ‘enjoyment’; then ‘property’, ‘a jāgīr’; then also a territorial unit which was generally the subdivision of a district (IE 8-4; EI 25; 28; CII 4). See bhukti, āhāra. Cf. Kaivarta-bhoga (IE 8-4; EI 2; CII 1), the fishermen's preserve. (IE 8-5; EI 29, 30; HRS), periodical supplies of fruits, firewood, flowers and the like which the villagers had to supply to the king; sometimes explained as ‘tax in kind’ (CII 4). (EI 1), [an object of] enjoyment. (SITI), tax-free land set apart for the enjoyment of a person for the performance of specified services; same as mānya. See bhogottara, Bhogin, etc. Cf. bhoge (LP), ‘for the right of enjoyment’. Cf. sa-bhoga (IA 9), privilege of the donee of rent-free land; probably refers to aṣṭabhoga-tejaḥsvāmya (q. v.). Note: bhoga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhoga : (m.) possession; wealth; enjoyment; the coil of a snake.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Bhoga, 2 (fr. bhuj to bend, cp. bhuja3 & Sk. bhoga id. Hālayudha 3, 20) the coil of a snake J. III, 58. See also nib°. (Page 510)

2) Bhoga, 1 (fr. bhuñj: see bhuñjati) 1. enjoyment A. IV, 392 (kāmaguṇesu bh.).—2. possession, wealth D. III, 77; Sn. 301, 421; Dh. 139, 355; Pug. 30, 57; Sdhp. 86, 228, 264.—appa° little or no possession Sn. 114.

—khandha a mass of wealth, great possessions D. II, 86 (one of the 5 profits accruing from virtue).—gāma “village of revenue,” a tributary village, i.e. a village which has to pay tribute or contributions (in food etc.) to the owner of its ground. The latter is called gāmabhojaka or gāmapati “landlord” J. II, 135. Cp. Fick, Sociale Gliederung 71, 112.—cāgin giving riches, liberal A. III, 128. .—pārijuñña loss of property or possessions VvA. 101.—mada pride or conceit of wealth VbhA. 466. —vāsin, as f. vāsinī “living in property,” i.e. to be enjoyed or made use of occasionally, one of the 10 kinds of wives: a kept woman Vin. III, 139, 140; cp. M. I, 286. (Page 509)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhōga (भोग).—m (S) Enjoyment or endurance (of pleasure or pain); fruition or experience: also the pleasure or pain enjoyed or suffered. v ghē, kara. 2 Using, use, usufruct, holding possession of. v kara, ghē. 3 Any object of enjoyment or endurance. Ex. jhālōṃ karmadharmavirahita || manāṃ āvaḍē tō bhōga bhōgati ||. 4 Pleasure or pain arising to be received or borne; allotment or lot (of the good or evil of life). v yē, uṭha, ubhā rāha, ucala. Ex. bhōga asēla titakā bhōgūna sāralā pāhijē. Pr. bhōga phiṭē āṇi vaidya bhēṭē. 5 Accomplishing; passing over or through (a space or period): also accomplished, passed, spent state. Ex. sūrya prāyaḥ tīsa divasānta ēka rāśīcā bhōga karitō. Hence used to express Celestial longitude. 6 Rice risen up during the boiling above the level of the boiler. bhōga bhōgaṇēṃ To receive the reward of one's deeds (good or bad).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhōga (भोग).—m Enjoyment or endurance; use.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhoga (भोग).—[bhuj-ghañ]

1) Eating, consuming.

2) Enjoyment, fruition.

3) Possession.

4) Utility, advantage.

5) Ruling, governing, government.

6) Use, application (as of a deposit).

7) Suffering, enduring, experiencing.

8) Feeling, perception.

9) Enjoyment of women, sexual enjoyment, carnal pleasure.

1) An enjoyment, an object of enjoyment or pleasure; भोगे रोगभयम् (bhoge rogabhayam) Bhartṛhari 3.35; भोगा मेघवितानमध्यविलसत्सौदामिनीचञ्चलाः (bhogā meghavitānamadhyavilasatsaudāminīcañcalāḥ) Bhartṛhari 3.54; भोगो विभवभेदश्च निष्कृतिर्मुक्तिरेव च (bhogo vibhavabhedaśca niṣkṛtirmuktireva ca) Brav. P.; Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.32.

11) A repast, feast, banquet.

12) Food.

13) Food offered to an idol.

14) Profit, gain.

15) Income, revenue.

16) Wealth; भोगान् भोगानिवाहेयानध्यास्यापन्न दुर्लभा (bhogān bhogānivāheyānadhyāsyāpanna durlabhā) Kirātārjunīya 11.23.

17) The wages of prostitutes.

18) A curve, coil, winding.

19) The (expanded) hood of a snake; श्वसदसितभुजङ्गभोगाङ्गदग्रन्थि (śvasadasitabhujaṅgabhogāṅgadagranthi) &c. Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.23; R.1.7;11.59.

2) A snake.

21) The body.

22) An army in column.

23) The passing (of an asterism).

24) The part of the ecliptic occupied by each of the 27 Nakṣatras.

Derivable forms: bhogaḥ (भोगः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhoga (भोग).—m.

(-gaḥ) 1. Pleasure, enjoyment. 2. Wealth. 3. Nourishing, cherishing. 4. Eating. 5. A snake’s body. 6. A snake’s expanded hood. 7. Hire. 8. The hire of dancing girls or courtezans. 9. A snake. 10. An army in column. 11. (In arithmetic,) The numerator of a fraction. 12. Food. 13. A repost. 14. Food offered to an idol. 15. Gain. 16. Rule, government. 17. Experiencing. 18. Advantage. 19. The use of a deposit. E. bhuj to eat, &c. aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhoga (भोग).—i. e. 1. and 2. bhuj + a, m. 1. A snake’s body, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 43, 4. 2. A snake. 3. A snake’s expanded hood, [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 131; feasting, [Hitopadeśa] army in column. 5. Nourishing, cherishing, food, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] 2, 5. 6. Pleasure, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 53, 3. 7. Enjoyment, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 35; [Pañcatantra] ii. [distich] 131; feasting, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 99. 8. Adverse enjoyment (usufruct), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 149. 9. Possession. 10. Wealth. 11. Hire. 12. The hire of dancing girls.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhoga (भोग).—1. [masculine] winding, curve, coil.

--- OR ---

Bhoga (भोग).—2. [masculine] enjoyment, fruition, use, application, possession, dominion, government; feeling, perception, gain, advantage, pleasure, joy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhoga (भोग):—1. bhoga m. (√1. bhuj) any winding or curve, coil (of a serpent), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) the expanded hood of a snake, [Harivaṃśa; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra; Pañcatantra]

3) a [particular] kind of military array, [Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

4) a snake, [Suparṇādhyāya]

5) the body, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) 2. bhoga m. (√3. bhuj) enjoyment, eating, feeding on [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (with Jainas ‘enjoying once’, as opp. to upa-bhoga, q.v.)

7) use, application, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra] etc.

8) fruition, usufruct, use of a deposit etc., [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

9) sexual enjoyment, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

10) enj° of the earth or of a country id est. rule, sway, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

11) experiencing, feeling, perception (of pleasure or pain), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

12) profit, utility, advantage, pleasure, delight, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

13) any object of enjoyment (as food, a festival etc.), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

14) possession, property, wealth, revenue, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

15) hire, wages ([especially] of prostitution), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) (in [astronomy]) the passing through a constellation, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

17) the part of the ecliptic occupied by each of the 27 lunar mansions, [Sūryasiddhānta]

18) (in [arithmetic]) the numerator of a fraction (?), [Horace H. Wilson]

19) Name of a teacher, [Catalogue(s)]

20) Bhogā (भोगा):—[from bhoga] f. Name of a Surāṅganā, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension]

21) Bhoga (भोग):—n. [wrong reading] for bhogya or bhāgya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhoga (भोग):—(gaḥ) 1. m. Pleasure, enjoyment; eating; hire; wealth.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhoga (भोग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhoa, Bhoga, Bhogā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhoga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhoga (भोग) [Also spelled bhog]:—(nm) enjoyment; suffering; sexual pleasure; result of good or evil deeds; experience of pleasure or pain; (residual of the) food offered to a deity; usufruct; -[lipsā] voluptuousness, lewdness; sex-indulgence; hence ~[lipsu] (a); ~[lolupa] sex-indulgent; lewd; voluptuous; -[lolupatā] lewdness; voluptuousness; sex-indulgence; ~[vāditā/vāda] epicureanism; hedonism; ~[vādī] hedonistic, epicurean; an epicureanist; hedonist; -[vilāsa] sexual pleasure; enjoyment; luxury; debauchery; -[karanā] to enjoy; to derive sexual pleasure;-[lagānā] to offer food etc. to the deity.

context information


Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Bhoga (भोग) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Bhoga.

2) Bhogā (भोगा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Bhogā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhōga (ಭೋಗ):—

1) [noun] the act of eating (food).

2) [noun] the act or state of enjoying; enjoyment as a) the possession, use or benefit of something; b) a pleasurable experiencing of something.

3) [noun] the effect or fruit of one’s deeds committed in the past lives.

4) [noun] a pleased feeling; enjoyment; delight; satisfaction; pleasure.

5) [noun] that which is enjoyed; an enjoyable thing.

6) [noun] riches; wealth.

7) [noun] the religious service done to a deity by washing, annointing with sandal paste, etc.

8) [noun] the expanded hood of a serpent.

9) [noun] the body of a snake or serpent.

10) [noun] the sexual intercourse; coition.

11) [noun] money paid to a harlot.

12) [noun] a division or region of a country, nation, etc.

13) [noun] a protecting or being protected; protection.

14) [noun] absence of worry.

15) [noun] an army or a regiment of soldiers.

16) [noun] an extent of land or a village given as a tax-free gift.

17) [noun] that part of the income the subjects of a nation pay to the government; tax.

18) [noun] agricultural income.

19) [noun] (pros.) a verseof six lines, having four groups of three units (totally twelve units) in first, second, fourth and fifth lines and six groups of three units followed by a long unit (totally twenty units) in the third and sixth lines.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of bhoga in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: