Saptanga, aka: Saptāṅga, Saptan-anga; 5 Definition(s)
Saptanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग, “seven-limbed”):—The master and the minister, the capital city, the people, the treasury and the army, and the ally,—these are the seven constituents; and the kingdom is described as having ‘seven limbs.’
- ‘Master’—i.e. the King himself.
- ‘Minister’—the Councillor, the Priest, the Army-Commander.
- ‘Capital City’—the city containing the king’s residence.
- ‘People’—the public.
- ‘Treasury’—store of gold and silver and other valuables.
- ‘Army’—consisting of elephants, horses and foot-soldiers.
- ‘Ally’—one having the same end in view: as has been described‘next to him comes the Ally.’
These are the ‘constituents’—causes, components—of the kingdom; in the same manner as the potsherds are of the jar.
(Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 9.294)Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग).—The seven limbs of a kingdom; svāmi, amātya, janapada, durga, daṇḍa, kośa and mitra.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 220. 19.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
India history and geogprahy
Sapta-aṅga.—(CII CITD), the seven constitutent parts of a kingdom, viz., king, ministers, allies, treasury, territory, forts and forces. Note: sapta-aṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग).—a. see सप्तप्रकृति (saptaprakṛti) below.
Saptāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saptan and aṅga (अङ्ग).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Having seven members or parts. E. sapta, aṅga a part.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 4 books and stories containing Saptanga, Saptāṅga, Saptan-anga, Saptan-aṅga, Sapta-anga, Sapta-aṅga; (plurals include: Saptangas, Saptāṅgas, angas, aṅgas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Section XXXIX - The Seven ‘Limbs’ of the Kingdom (saptāṅga) < [Discourse IX - Duties of the King (concluded)]
Mandukya Upanishad, verse 3 < [Chapter I - Agama Prakarana (Scripture)]
Mandukya Upanishad, verse 4 < [Chapter I - Agama Prakarana (Scripture)]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)