Saptanga, Saptāṅga, Saptan-anga, Saptamga: 14 definitions


Saptanga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Google Books: Manusmṛti with the Manubhāṣya

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग, “seven-limbed”):—The master and the minister, the capital city, the people, the treasury and the army, and the ally,—these are the seven constituents; and the kingdom is described as having ‘seven limbs.’

  1. Master’—i.e. the King himself.
  2. Minister’—the Councillor, the Priest, the Army-Commander.
  3. Capital City’—the city containing the king’s residence.
  4. People’—the public.
  5. Treasury’—store of gold and silver and other valuables.
  6. Army’—consisting of elephants, horses and foot-soldiers.
  7. Ally’—one having the same end in view: as has been describednext to him comes the Ally.’

These are the ‘constituents’—causes, components—of the kingdom; in the same manner as the potsherds are of the jar.

(Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 9.294)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Saptanga in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग).—The seven limbs of a kingdom; svāmi, amātya, janapada, durga, daṇḍa, kośa and mitra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 220. 19.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग) is the name of a work attributed to Vāgīśvarakīrti: an East Indian tantric Buddhist scholar whose views were considered important enough to be contested sometime before 1057ce.—The Saptāṅga, another treatise, this time in mixed verse and prose, is the only major work of Vāgīśvarakīrti which appears to be lost in the original. One of its most important verses survives in quotation (Isaacson and Sferra 2014, 171, 271, passim). The Tibetan translation is the work of the same ’Gos Lhas btsas.

Source: eScholarship: Buddhajñānāpāda's Vision of a Tantric Buddhist World

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग) (Cf. Saptayoga) refers to the “seven aṅgas of mahāmudrā”, according to Vāgīśvavarakīrti’s Saptāṅga and Tattvaratnāvaloka (and its auto-commentary).—(Cf. the seven yogas mentioned by Buddhajñānapāda in the Muktitilaka).—The same seven factors are addressed in Vāgīśvavarakīrti’s later Saptāṅga and his Tattvaratnāvaloka and its auto-commentary, where they are called the seven aṅgas of mahāmudrā, with reference to which see Isaacson (2010b, 271, 271n27) and, with a bit more detail, Isaacson and Sferra (2014, 271), where they are mentioned with reference to a citation from the Saptāṅga in Rāmapāla’s Sekanirdeśapañjikā

The seven aṅgas are listed in Vāgīśvarakīrti’s work as:

  1. sambhoga,
  2. sampuṭa,
  3. mahāsukha,
  4. niḥsvabhāva,
  5. kāruṇyanirbhara,
  6. nirantara,
  7. anirodha.
Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Sapta-aṅga.—(CII CITD), the seven constitutent parts of a kingdom, viz., king, ministers, allies, treasury, territory, forts and forces. Note: sapta-aṅga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Saptanga in India is the name of a plant defined with Alstonia scholaris in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Chonemorpha malabarica G. Don (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· World Checklist of Seed Plants. (1995)
· Fitoterapia. (2003)
· World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database (2003)
· On the Asclepiadeae (1810)
· Encycl. (Lamarck) (1786)
· Bulletin de l’Institut Française d’Afrique Noire

If you are looking for specific details regarding Saptanga, for example chemical composition, health benefits, side effects, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग).—a. see सप्तप्रकृति (saptaprakṛti) below.

Saptāṅga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saptan and aṅga (अङ्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग).—mfn.

(-ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) Having seven members or parts. E. sapta, aṅga a part.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग).—[adjective] having seven members or parts.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग):—[from sapta > saptan] mfn. consisting of 7 members or parts, [Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग):—[(ṅgaḥ-ṅgī-ṅgaṃ) a.] Of seven members.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saptāṅga (सप्ताङ्ग) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sattaṃga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saptanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saptāṃga (ಸಪ್ತಾಂಗ):—[noun] (used in pl. with -ಗಳು [galu]) the seven limbs of the state the ruler, minister, friend, treasury, military, state or nation and fort.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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