Ruksha, aka: Rūkṣa; 9 Definition(s)


Ruksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Rūkṣa can be transliterated into English as Ruksa or Ruksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष, “dry”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Rūkṣa is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘dryness’, while its opposing quality, Snigdha, refers to its ‘greasiness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Rūkṣa, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system), while it aggrevates the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Air (vāyu) and Fire (agni).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष, “dry”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteristics of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the rasa, vīrya and vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By vīrya [eg., Rūkṣa], the working capacity and potency is meant”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष, “rough”) refers to one of the seven defects (doṣa) of the voice (śabda), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.72-75, where they are commonly known as the śabdadoṣa. The Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”) is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Rukṣa (रुक्ष) or Rukṣāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Kiraṇāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Rukṣa Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Kiraṇa-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष, “soft”) refers to one of the eight types of Sparśa (touch), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch (sparśa) body-making karma (eg., rūkṣa).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

rukṣa (रुक्ष).—a (S) Wanting succulency, unctuousness, blandness. 2 Dry, harsh, rough, unsavory, not bland or sapid--an article of food. 3 Desert, arid, adust, wanting trees or water--a country. 4 Dry, jejune, frigid, wanting pathos or harmony--speech, composition, music, singing.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rukṣa (रुक्ष).—a Dry, harsh, desert.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rukṣa (रुक्ष).—a.

1) Ved. Shining, brilliant.

2) = रूक्ष (rūkṣa) q. v.

--- OR ---

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष).—a. (written as rukṣa also)

1) Rough, harsh, not smooth or soft (as touch sound &c.); पुंस्कोकिलगिरं श्रुत्वा रूक्षा ध्वाङ्खस्य वागिव (puṃskokilagiraṃ śrutvā rūkṣā dhvāṅkhasya vāgiva) Mb.1.2.384; रूक्षस्वरं वाशति वायसोऽयम् (rūkṣasvaraṃ vāśati vāyaso'yam) Mk.9.1; Ku.7.17.

2) Astringent (taste).

3) Rough, uneven, difficult, austere.

4) Sullied, soiled, dirtied; रथतुरगरजोभिस्तस्य रूक्षालकाग्रा (rathaturagarajobhistasya rūkṣālakāgrā) R.7.7; Mu.4.5.

5) Cruel, unkind, harsh; नितान्तरूक्षाभिनिवेशमीशम् (nitāntarūkṣābhiniveśamīśam) R.14.43; संरम्भरूक्षमिव सुन्दरि यद् यदासीत् (saṃrambharūkṣamiva sundari yad yadāsīt) V.3.2; Ś.7.32; Pt.4. 91.

6) Arid, parched up, dry, dreary; स्निग्धश्यामाः क्वचिदपरतो भीषणाभोगरूक्षाः (snigdhaśyāmāḥ kvacidaparato bhīṣaṇābhogarūkṣāḥ) U.2.14.

7) Not oily (as food); Bg.17.9. (rūkṣīkṛ means 'to make rough', 'soil', 'besmear').

-kṣaḥ 1 A tree.

2) Harshness, hardness.

-kṣā 1 Croton Polyandrum (Mar. dantī).

2) Honey sugar.

-kṣam 1 The thick part of curds.

2) A good kind of iron.

3) Black pepper.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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