Ruksha, Rūkṣa: 14 definitions

Introduction

Ruksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Rūkṣa can be transliterated into English as Ruksa or Ruksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष, “dry”).—One of the twenty Gurvādiguṇa, or, ‘ten opposing pairs of qualities of drugs’.—Rūkṣa is the characteristic of a drug referring to the ‘dryness’, while its opposing quality, Snigdha, refers to its ‘greasiness’. It is a Sanskrit technical term from Āyurveda (Indian medicine) and used in literature such the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

The quality of Rūkṣa, present in drugs and herbs, increases the Vāta (bodily humour in control of motion and the nervous system), while it aggrevates the Kapha (bodily fluids, or ‘phlegm’). It exhibits a predominant presence of the elements Air (vāyu) and Fire (agni).

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष, “dry”) refers to one of the eight kinds of Vīrya (potency), representing characteristics of medicinal drugs, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “the rasa, vīrya and vipāka of the drugs should be noted (studied) carefully. [...] By vīrya [eg., Rūkṣa], the working capacity and potency is meant”.

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष) refers to “astringent” and represents a particular dietetic effect according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Accordingly, the dietetic effect rūkṣa is associated with the following conditions: Food utensils made of brass (paittala-pātra) and Food-utensils made of Kumudapatra (white water-lilly leaf), Raktotpalapatra (red lotus leaf) or Utpalapatra (blue lotus leaf).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of ruksha or ruksa in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष, “rough”) refers to one of the seven defects (doṣa) of the voice (śabda), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.72-75, where they are commonly known as the śabdadoṣa. The Saṅgītaśiromaṇi (“crest-jewel of music”) is a 15th-century Sanskrit work on Indian musicology (gāndharvaśāstra).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of ruksha or ruksa in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Rukṣa (रुक्ष) or Rukṣāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the Kiraṇāgama which is one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu. The purpose of revealing upāgamas (eg., Rukṣa Āgama) is to explain more elaborately than that of mūlāgamas (eg., Kiraṇa-āgama) and to include any new idea if not dealt in mūlāgamas.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of ruksha or ruksa in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष, “soft”) refers to one of the eight types of Sparśa (touch), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch (sparśa) body-making karma (eg., rūkṣa).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

Discover the meaning of ruksha or ruksa in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rukṣa (रुक्ष).—a (S) Wanting succulency, unctuousness, blandness. 2 Dry, harsh, rough, unsavory, not bland or sapid--an article of food. 3 Desert, arid, adust, wanting trees or water--a country. 4 Dry, jejune, frigid, wanting pathos or harmony--speech, composition, music, singing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rukṣa (रुक्ष).—a Dry, harsh, desert.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of ruksha or ruksa in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rukṣa (रुक्ष).—a.

1) Ved. Shining, brilliant.

2) = रूक्ष (rūkṣa) q. v.

--- OR ---

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष).—a. (written as rukṣa also)

1) Rough, harsh, not smooth or soft (as touch sound &c.); पुंस्कोकिलगिरं श्रुत्वा रूक्षा ध्वाङ्खस्य वागिव (puṃskokilagiraṃ śrutvā rūkṣā dhvāṅkhasya vāgiva) Mb.1.2.384; रूक्षस्वरं वाशति वायसोऽयम् (rūkṣasvaraṃ vāśati vāyaso'yam) Mk.9.1; Ku.7.17.

2) Astringent (taste).

3) Rough, uneven, difficult, austere.

4) Sullied, soiled, dirtied; रथतुरगरजोभिस्तस्य रूक्षालकाग्रा (rathaturagarajobhistasya rūkṣālakāgrā) R.7.7; Mu.4.5.

5) Cruel, unkind, harsh; नितान्तरूक्षाभिनिवेशमीशम् (nitāntarūkṣābhiniveśamīśam) R.14.43; संरम्भरूक्षमिव सुन्दरि यद् यदासीत् (saṃrambharūkṣamiva sundari yad yadāsīt) V.3.2; Ś.7.32; Pt.4. 91.

6) Arid, parched up, dry, dreary; स्निग्धश्यामाः क्वचिदपरतो भीषणाभोगरूक्षाः (snigdhaśyāmāḥ kvacidaparato bhīṣaṇābhogarūkṣāḥ) U.2.14.

7) Not oily (as food); Bg.17.9. (rūkṣīkṛ means 'to make rough', 'soil', 'besmear').

-kṣaḥ 1 A tree.

2) Harshness, hardness.

-kṣā 1 Croton Polyandrum (Mar. dantī).

2) Honey sugar.

-kṣam 1 The thick part of curds.

2) A good kind of iron.

3) Black pepper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Rukṣa (रुक्ष).—adj., and -tva, abstr. n. (semi-MIndic for Sanskrit rūkṣa; compare ruccha, and see under lūkha); (1) adj., coarse, of food: Śikṣāsamuccaya 131.4; (2) n. °tvaṃ, harshness, evil: Mahāvastu iii.388.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rukṣa (रुक्ष).—mfn.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣā-kṣaṃ) 1. Harsh, unkind. 2. Rough, hard. 3. Rough to the taste or feeling harsh. 4. Rugged, uneven. 5. Dry, arid. E. ruh to grow, Unadi aff. ksa; it is more properly written rūkṣa, as derived from rūkṣ to be rough.

--- OR ---

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष).—mfn.

(-kṣaḥ-kṣā-kṣaṃ) 1. Harsh, rough, not smooth or soft. 2. Rough to the taste, astringent, austere, not bland or sapid. 3. Rugged, uneven. 4. Harsh, unkind, unfriendly. 5. Dry. m.

(-kṣaḥ) A tree in general. E. rūkṣ to be harsh or rough, aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rukṣa (रुक्ष).—rūkṣa, adj. 1. Rugged, rough, difficult, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 61 (). 2. Harsh, unkind, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 62 (rūº); uncouth, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 6 (rŭº, but cf. Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 805); [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 59 (rŭº); cruel, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 191 (rūº). 3. Austere, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 42, 8 ().

— Cf. [Anglo-Saxon.] rug, ruh, ruw; Engl. rough, rugged.

Rukṣa can also be spelled as Rūkṣa (रूक्ष).

--- OR ---

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष).—see rukṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rukṣa (रुक्ष).—[adjective] shining, bright.

--- OR ---

Rūkṣa (रूक्ष).—[adjective] rough, dry, arid, unpleasant, harsh, [abstract] † [feminine], tva† [neuter], bhāva† [masculine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rukṣa (रुक्ष):—1. rukṣa m. ([probably]) a tree (cf. vṛkṣa), [Ṛg-veda vi, 3, 7.]

2) 2. rukṣa [wrong reading] for rūkṣa q.v.

3) Rūkṣa (रूक्ष):—[from rūkṣ] 1. rūkṣa mf(ā)n. ([probably] [from] √rūṣ; cf. 2. rukṣa) rough, dry, arid, dreary, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] emaciated, thin, [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] rough to the taste, astringent, [Mahābhārata; Suśruta]

6) [v.s. ...] not greasy or oily (as food or medicine), [Kathāsaritsāgara; Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] hard, harsh, unkind, cruel (as a person or speech), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

8) [v.s. ...] unpleasant, disagreeable, not soft (to the sight, smell etc.), [ib.]

9) [v.s. ...] dismal (as a house), [Pañcatantra]

10) [v.s. ...] soiled, smeared, dirtied, [Rāmāyaṇa; Mudrārākṣasa]

11) [v.s. ...] having the smell of an elephant in rut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] m. hardness, harshness, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) [v.s. ...] the smell of the rut of an elephant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) [v.s. ...] a kind of grass (= varaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Rūkṣā (रूक्षा):—[from rūkṣa > rūkṣ] f. Croton Polyandrum or Tiglium, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) Rūkṣa (रूक्ष):—[from rūkṣ] n. a good kind of iron, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] the thick part of curds, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

18) 2. rūkṣa m. ([probably] for Prākṛt rukkha = vṛkṣa) a tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of ruksha or ruksa in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: