Runda, Rumda: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Runda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Runda (रुन्द).—A Rājaṛṣi becoming a Brāhmaṇa*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 117.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Ruṇḍa (रुण्ड).—Breadth (of an annular ring). Note: Ruṇḍa is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ruṃḍa (रुंड) is a synonym for Muṇḍa, which refers to a “severed head”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Pūrṇā (i.e., Pūrṇāmaṅgalā) is in the northwest and she sits on a vulture. She has one face, three eyes and two hands in which she holds a sword and, in the left, a severed head [i.e., muṇḍa-dharā]. She is a female warrior (vīrā) and, extremely fierce, she laughs loudly. She wears a deerskin. (Here) in the north-west, she destroys fear. Worshipped, she quickly bestows the boons and fruits of the adept’s (practice)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ruṇḍā.—cf. Mahāruṇḍā. Note: ruṇḍā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ruṇḍa (रुंड).—n (S) also pop. ruṇḍha n The head as separated from the body. Pr. ēka ghāva āṇi dōna ruṇḍhēṃ One stroke with the sword, and the head and body are two. A proverb used to express promptitude or vigorous smartness.

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runda (रुंद).—a Broad or wide.

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rundā (रुंदा).—a W (runda) Broad or wide.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ruṇḍa (रुंड) [-ḍha, -ढ].—n The head as separated from the body.

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runda (रुंद) [-dī, -दी].—a Broad or wide.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ruṇḍa (रुण्ड).—[Uṇ.1.18] a. Maimed, mutilated.

-ṇḍaḥ, -ṇḍam A headless body, trunk; वेल्लद्भैरवरुण्डमुण्डनिकरैर्वीरो विधत्ते भुवम् (velladbhairavaruṇḍamuṇḍanikarairvīro vidhatte bhuvam) U.5.6; Māl.3.17.

-ṇḍaḥ the offspring of a mule and a mare.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ruṇḍa (रुण्ड).—m. or nt. (see also praruṇḍa; clearly related to AMg. ruṇṭ-, authorized by Hemacandra 4.57 as substitute for ru-, and found in various derivs., [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary]; probably related thru MIndic dialectic processes to Sanskrit rud-, more speci- fically to the ppp. ruṇṇa-, which in Pali is used as a noun like our word), weeping, always in instr. (after kiṃ or na…) and followed by śocitena: kiṃ ruṇḍena śocitena Mahāvastu ii.218.13; nāpi ca ruṇḍena śocitenārtho 224.10; similarly 227.12; 228.12; 229.12; in some of these occurs v.l. rund°, and in some (verses) Senart em. m.c. to ruṇḍa-śoc°, but mss. never read so; exact readings hard to determine.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruṇḍa (रुण्ड).—m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. A headless body, retaining life and mixing in combat. “kavandhe”. 2. A trunk. E. ruḍi for ruṭi or ruṭhi to take or steal, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruṇḍa (रुण्ड).—m. A headless body, retaining life and fighting, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 121, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruṇḍa (रुण्ड).—[adjective] mutilated; [masculine] (also ka) cripple, a mere trunk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ruṇḍa (रुण्ड):—[from ruṇḍ] mfn. maimed, mutilated

2) [v.s. ...] m. a headless body, [Uttararāma-carita; Kathāsaritsāgara] (L. also n.)

3) [v.s. ...] m. the offspring of a mule and a mare, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruṇḍa (रुण्ड):—(ṇḍaḥ) 1. m. A headless body still engaged in the battle.

[Sanskrit to German]

Runda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ruṃḍa (रुंड) [Also spelled rund]:—(nm) atorso; (headless) trunk; -[muṃḍa] torso and head.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ruṃḍa (ರುಂಡ):—

1) [noun] the portion of the human body above the neck.

2) [noun] the human body without head, arms and legs.

3) [noun] any of several swift, mammals of the same genus as the horse and ass, having a characteristic pattern of black or dark-brown stripes on a whitish background; a zebra.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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