Purnima, aka: Purṇimā, Pūrṇimā; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Purnima means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Purṇimā (पुर्णिमा) refers to “full-moon” day. The first lunar day (tithi) starts the day after amāvāsyā, or ‘new-moon day’. After fifteen tithis there is purṇimā (full-moon), after which the counting of tithis starts again for another fifteen days where it ends with amāvāsya again. The term is used throughout Jyotiṣa literature.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Purnima is the time of full-moon, or that period of time when the Moon is farthest from the Sun.

Source: archive.org: South Indian Festivities (astronomy)

Pūrṇimā (पूर्णिमा).—Full Moon. Note: Pūrṇimā is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Purnima in Purana glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

1a) Pūrṇimā (पूर्णिमा).—A śakti on the ṣoḍaśa-patrābjā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 32. 12.

1b) The meeting of the night at the Full Moon day; here both the Devas and Pitṛs see it;1 ety.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 56. 39, 43.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 141. 39.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Pūrṇimā (पूर्णिमा) refers to a religious rite (pūjā) or observance (vrata) occurring in the month Āṣāḍha (June-July).—Pūrṇimā = Vyāsa-pūjā = pūjā of teachers.

Source: ACHC: Smarta Puja

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Purnima in Marathi glossary... « previous · [P] · next »

pūrṇimā (पूर्णिमा).—f (S) The day of full moon.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrṇimā (पूर्णिमा).—The day of full moon; निखिलान्निशि पूर्णिमा तिथीनुपतस्थेऽतिथिरेकिका तिथिः (nikhilānniśi pūrṇimā tithīnupatasthe'tithirekikā tithiḥ) N.2.76.

See also (synonyms): pūrṇimāsī, pūrṇamā.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrṇimā (पूर्णिमा).—f.

(-mā) Day of full moon. E. pūrṇa full, (the moon,) imak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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