Purika, Pūrikā, Pūrika, Purikā: 15 definitions


Purika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Pūrikā (पूरिका) refers to “thin pan-cakes fried in edible oil or ghee” and is mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 2.5.9.—Accordingly, as Brahmā asked Śrī Bhagavān, “O Lord, tell me the procedure for Naivedya (food-offering) as it is actually practised. State fully how many kinds of cooked food are desired and what are the side dishes etc.? Śrī Bhagavān said: ‘[...] I shall state fully the (varieties) of food, drinks etc. and side dishes as well. [...] He should prepare pūrikās (thin pan-cakes fried in edible oil or ghee) mixed with (sufficient quantity) of asafoetida (each) having a hundred holes and with veṣṭikās (savouries made of ground flour of rice, gram etc. and shaped in many coils and fried in oils). [...]”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Purikā (पुरिका).—A city in ancient Bhārata. This city was ruled by a King named Paurika. (Śloka 3, Chapter 111, Śānti Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Pūrikā (पूरिका).—The capital of Śiśika.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 183.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

1) Pūrikā (पूरिका) refers to a type of food preparation with pulses, according to the Mānasollāsa chapter III, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Mānasollāsa describes many pulse preparations like vidalapāka, iḍarikā, ghārikā, vaṭikā, kaṭakarna, pūrikā, veṣṭikā and dośaka in its third chapter.

2) Pūrikā (पूरिका) refers to one of the miscellaneous dishes mentioned in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana).

(Ingredients of Pūrikā): samita, bengal gram flour, cumin seeds, asafoetida, black pepper and ghee.

(Cooking instructions): Mix the samita with bengal gram flour. Add cumin seeds, asafoetida and black pepper to the mixture. Spread the mixture into circular shapes and fry them in ghee or oil. This preparation is called pūrikā.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Purika (पुरिक) refers to a country belonging to “Āgneyī (south-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Āśleṣā, Maghā and Pūrvaphālguni, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Āśleṣā, Maghā and Pūrvaphālguni represent the south-eastern division consisting of [i.e., Purika] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Purikā (पुरिका) is the name of a locality situated in Dakkhiṇāpatha (Deccan) or “southern district” of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Purikā is referred to in the Barhut Inscription. It is Pulika of the Mahābhārata, Purikā of the Khila-Harivaṃśa and Paurika and Saulika of the Purāṇas. In the Purāṇas, this is included in the list of countries of the Deccan. In the Vāyu, the Brahmāṇḍa and the Agni, it is mentioned before Daṇḍaka, while in the Vāmana, it occurs after Daṇḍaka but before Sārika. In the Khila-Harivaṃśa (cf. Viṣṇupurāṇa), the city of Purikā is placed between two Vindhya ranges, near Māhiṣmatī and on the bank of a river flowing from the Rikshavanta mountain.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Purika in India is the name of a plant defined with Aquilaria agallocha in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Aloexylum agallochum Lour. (among others).

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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pūrika (पूरिक) or Pūrikā (पूरिका).—A kind of cake; मोदकान् पूरिकापूपान् (modakān pūrikāpūpān) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 7.64.7.

Derivable forms: pūrikaḥ (पूरिकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrikā (पूरिका).—f.

(-kā) A sort of unleavened cake, fried with Ghee or oil. E. pūrī, as above, aff. kan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrika (पूरिक).—i. e. pūra + ika, m., and f. , A sort of cake, Mahābhārata 7, 2309.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Purikā (पुरिका):—[from pur] f. Name of a town, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

2) Pūrikā (पूरिका):—[from pūraka > pūra] a f. a sort of cake, [Mahābhārata; Yājñavalkya] (kāpūpa), [Bhāvaprakāśa etc.]

3) [from pūra] b See under pūraka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pūrikā (पूरिका):—(kā) 1. f. A sort of unleavened cake fried with ghee or oil.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pūrikā (पूरिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pūrigā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Purika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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