Prithak, Pṛthak: 16 definitions


Prithak means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Pṛthak can be transliterated into English as Prthak or Prithak, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Pṛthak (पृथक्).—Separately as far as hearing is concerned; distinctly separate from another; cf. सप्त स्वरा ये यमास्ते पृथग्वा (sapta svarā ye yamāste pṛthagvā) R. Pr. XIII. 17.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pṛthak (पृथक्) or Pṛthakdhyāna refers to “individual meditations”, according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “O beloved, one should recollect that you and I are present in the Six Wheels by means of special, individual meditations [i.e., pṛthak-dhyāna-viśeṣaṇa] beginning with the one without form. The supreme form is flawless, pervasive and facing everywhere.  It can be perceived as the bliss of contemplation, the mark of which is supreme bliss. Free of the qualities of form and the rest and devoid of limiting adjuncts and meditation—this, O fair one, is the non-dual vision of you directly apparent. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Prithak in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Pṛthak (पृथक्) refers to a “common (man)”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 9.78.—Accordingly: “Therefore, although the sun may fall to earth, or Himālaya lose its fixity, I’ll not return home like a common man (pṛthak-jana), whose senses yearn for sensual things, and who has not perceived the truth”.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pṛthak (पृथक्) refers to “(having) separate (natures)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Why do the stupid, afflicted by the planet of [their] birth, not perceive the difference [between the body and the self] which is recognised everywhere in the occurrence of birth and death. Therefore, what is the connection of the self to that body which is made by atoms which are material, insentient, different [and] independent [com.—by those which have separate natures (pṛthaksvarūpaiḥ)]?”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pṛthak (पृथक्).—ad (S) Separately, severally, apart, asunder.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

pṛthak (पृथक्).—ad Separately, severally.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pṛthak (पृथक्).—ind.

1) Severally, separately, singly; शङ्खान् दध्मुः पृथक् पृथक् (śaṅkhān dadhmuḥ pṛthak pṛthak) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.18; Manusmṛti 3.26;7.57.

2) Different, separate, distinct; सांख्ययोगौ पृथग् बालाः प्रवदन्ति न पण्डिताः (sāṃkhyayogau pṛthag bālāḥ pravadanti na paṇḍitāḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 5.4;13.4; अवतीर्णोऽसि भगवन् स्वेच्छोपात्तपृथग्वपुः (avatīrṇo'si bhagavan svecchopāttapṛthagvapuḥ) Bhāg. 11.11.28; रचिता पृथगर्थता गिराम् (racitā pṛthagarthatā girām) Kirātārjunīya 2.27.

3) Apart, aside, alone; इति च भवतो जायास्नेहात् पृथक्स्थितिभीरुता (iti ca bhavato jāyāsnehāt pṛthaksthitibhīrutā) V. 4.39.

4) Apart from, except, with the exception of, without; (with acc., instr., or abl.); पृथग् रामेण-रामात्- रामं वा (pṛthag rāmeṇa-rāmāt- rāmaṃ vā) Sk.; Bhaṭṭikāvya 8.19. (pṛthak kṛ

1) to separate, divide, sever, analyse.

2) to keep off, avert.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthak (पृथक्).—Ind. 1. Without, except. 2. Separately, severally. E. pṛth to throw or dismiss, aff. ṭhak .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthak (पृथक्).—I. adv. Separately, severally, [Draupadīpramātha] 6, 1. Ii. prep. (with acc., instr., abl.), Without, except.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthak (पृथक्).—[adverb] separately, severally, respectively, singly, here and there (often doubled); [preposition] apart from, except, besides ([ablative], *[instrumental], or *[genetive]). — With kṛ separate, sunder, keep off, avert from ([ablative]); [with] bhū become separate, sever ([intransitive]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pṛthak (पृथक्):—[from pṛth] ind. (√pṛth or prath + añc) widely apart, separately, differently, singly, severally, one by one (often repeated), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (as a [preposition] with [genitive case] or [instrumental case]; cf. [Pāṇini 2-3, 32]) apart or separately or differently from, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] (with [ablative]) without, [Prabodha-candrodaya]

4) [v.s. ...] except, save, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pṛthak (पृथक्):—adv. Apart; separately.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pṛthak (पृथक्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Piḍhaṃ, Pidhaṃ, Piha, Pihaṃ, Piho.

[Sanskrit to German]

Prithak in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Prithak in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pṛthak (पृथक्):—(a) separate, isolated; peculiar; different, distinct; (adv) aloof, apart; ~[karaṇa] separation; ~[kriyā] separation, process of separating; ~[kṛta] separated; isolated.

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