Prithagjana, Pṛthagjana, Prithak-jana: 11 definitions
Prithagjana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Pṛthagjana can be transliterated into English as Prthagjana or Prithagjana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Kavya (poetry)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)
Pṛthagjana (पृथग्जन) refers to a “common man”, according to Kālidāsa’s Raghuvaṃśa verse 9.78.—Accordingly: “Therefore, although the sun may fall to earth, or Himālaya lose its fixity, I’ll not return home like a common man (pṛthagjana), whose senses yearn for sensual things, and who has not perceived the truth”.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Pṛthagjana (पृथग्जन) refers to “worldly people”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXXII-XXXIV).—Accordingly, “The mind of loving-kindness (maitrīcitta) of which we have just spoken is that which has beings as object (sattvālambana). It is found mainly among worldly people (pṛthagjana) practicing the trances or in adepts on the path of practice (śaikṣa) who have not yet destroyed the impurities (akṣīṇasrava)”.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) a low man, an unenlightened, vulgar man, the mob, low people; न पृथग्- जनवच्छुचो वशं वशिनामुत्तम गन्तुमर्हसि (na pṛthag- janavacchuco vaśaṃ vaśināmuttama gantumarhasi) R.8.9; Kirātārjunīya 1.4.24.
2) a fool, a block-head, an ignorant man; विविनक्ति न बुद्धिदुर्विधः स्वयमेव स्वहितं पृथग्जनः (vivinakti na buddhidurvidhaḥ svayameva svahitaṃ pṛthagjanaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 16.39.
3) a wicked man, sinner.
Derivable forms: pṛthagjanaḥ (पृथग्जनः).
Pṛthagjana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pṛthak and jana (जन).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-naḥ) 1. An ignorant man, a fool. 2. A man of a low cast. 3. A sinner, a wicked or vicious man. m. plu.
(-nāḥ) Children of one father by different mothers. E. pṛthak separate, away from, (virtue &c.) and jana a man.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pṛthagjana (पृथग्जन).—m. 1. low people, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 137. 2. an ignorant man. 3. a sinner, a wicked man. 4. pl. children of one father by different mothers.
Pṛthagjana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms pṛthak and jana (जन).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pṛthagjana (पृथग्जन).—[masculine] a man of the lower classes; sgl. & [plural] low people.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Pṛthagjana (पृथग्जन):—[=pṛthag-jana] [from pṛthag > pṛth] m. a man of lower caste or character or profession, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (-vat ind., [Raghuvaṃśa viii, 89])
2) [v.s. ...] an ordinary professing Buddhist, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 132]
3) [v.s. ...] a fool, blockhead, [Śiśupāla-vadha]
4) [v.s. ...] villain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
5) [v.s. ...] [plural] common people, the multitude (also sg.), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] = pṛthak-kṣetra, [Horace H. Wilson]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Pṛthagjana (पृथग्जन):—[pṛthag-jana] (naḥ) 1. m. An ignorant or wicked man. plu. as pṛthakkṣetra.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a man lacking normal intelligence; a stupid, dull-witted fellow.
2) [noun] a wicked, cruel man.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+47): Prithagjanavat, Prithagjanakalyanaka, Prithagjanapada, Prithak, Puṇyajana, Prithu, Puthujjana, Vancana, Akshina, Shuddhavasa, Anupashyana, Parthagjanaka, Lokabhilapa, Ashubha, Sanketa, Shubha, Parthagjanika, Samvara, Mahaduhkha, Shana.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Prithagjana, Pṛthagjana, Prithak-jana, Pṛthak-jana, Prthagjana, Prthak-jana, Prithag-jana, Pṛthag-jana, Prthag-jana; (plurals include: Prithagjanas, Pṛthagjanas, janas, Prthagjanas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Blue Annals (deb-ther sngon-po) (by George N. Roerich)
Chapter 9 - Phagmodrupa (i): Introduction < [Book 8 - The famous Dakpo Kagyü (traditions)]
Appendix 1 - The Great Seal teachings of the Dakpo Kagyu < [Book 8 - The famous Dakpo Kagyü (traditions)]
Chapter 9 - Phagmodrupa (iii): rpo rje rgyal po < [Book 8 - The famous Dakpo Kagyü (traditions)]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
1. Pure path (anāsrava-mārga) and Impure path (sāsrava-mārga) < [Part 4 - Questions relating to the dhyānas]
I. The knowledge of knowing another’s mind (paracittajñāna) < [Part 2 - Distinguishing the movements of mind of all beings]
IX. The knowledge of death and rebirth (cyutyupapāda-jñānabala) < [Part 2 - The ten powers in particular]
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Chapter XXX - The rolling of the wheel < [Volume III]
Abhidharmakośa (by Vasubandhu)
The Agni Purana (by N. Gangadharan)