Patni, Patnī: 14 definitions


Patni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Patnī (पत्नी) refers to “wife” (i.e., as opposed to a husband), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.4.—Accordingly, as Umā (Durgā/Satī) spoke to the Gods:—“[...] Just as you, Rudra too, desires my incarnation in the abode of Himavat. Hence I shall incarnate. That shall be the end of misery in the world. All of you return to your abodes. You shall be happy for a long time. After incarnating I shall give Menā full happiness. I shall become Śiva’s wife [i.e., hara-patnī]. But this desire is a great secret with me. Śiva’s divine sport is wonderful. It deludes even the wise. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Patnī (पत्नी) refers to “wives”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.101cd-105ab, while describing the ritual that protect the king and his kingdom]—“Thus says Lord Siva, The Mantrin should worship Amṛteśa on all special occasions [and] on special dates in the form of Kāma [i.e., any deity that one wishes or is called for by a particular festival]. [He] shall always attain what he desires. He should worship [Amṛteśa] in the form of Indra in order to achieve the protection of the population, to assure [an abundance of] grains of rice, for the sake of protection in respect to wives (patnī) and offspring (suta), for the prosperity of his kingdom and for royal victory”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

patnī (पत्नी).—f (S) A wife, lady, mistress, dame.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

patnī (पत्नी).—f A wife, lady, mistress, dame.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Patnī (पत्नी).—

1) A wife; वृषेव पत्नीरभ्येति रोरुवत् (vṛṣeva patnīrabhyeti roruvat) Ṛgveda 1.14.6; पत्नीमूलं गृहं पुंसां यदि छन्दोनुवर्तिनी, गृहाश्रमसमं नास्ति यदि भार्या वशानुगा (patnīmūlaṃ gṛhaṃ puṃsāṃ yadi chandonuvartinī, gṛhāśramasamaṃ nāsti yadi bhāryā vaśānugā) || Dakṣasaṃhitā.

2) Ved. A mistress; पत्नी इति हि यज्ञस्य स्वामिनीति उच्यते, न क्रीता (patnī iti hi yajñasya svāminīti ucyate, na krītā) ŚB. on MS.6.1.17.

3) (in Astro.) Name of the 7th mansion.

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Patnī (पत्नी).—See under पति (pati).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patni (पत्नि).—see patnī.

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Patnī (पत्नी).—and sometimes patni patni, i. e. patan (see pati) + ī, f. A wife, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 129.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patnī (पत्नी).—[feminine] mistress, lady, wife; [abstract] tva† [neuter]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Patnī (पत्नी):—[from pati] f. (rarely patni) a female possessor, mistress, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a wife ([Ṛg-veda i, 140, 6; iv, 24, 8,] even applied to cows), [ib.] (cf. pati f.)

3) [v.s. ...] (in [astrology]) Name of the 7th mansion, [Varāha-mihira] cf. [Greek] πότνια.

4) Patni (पत्नि):—for patnī See above.

5) Pātnī (पात्नी):—[from pāti] Vṛddhi form of patnī (f. of pati) in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Patnī (पत्नी):—(tnī) 3. f. A wife.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Patnī (पत्नी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Pattī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Patni in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Patnī (पत्नी):—(nf) wife; a man’s spouse; ~[vrata] (vow to be) loyal (to one’s wife); ~[tva] wifehood, the position or function of a wife; —[ke rūpa meṃ grahaṇa karanā] to take as (one’s) wife.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Patni (ಪತ್ನಿ):—[noun] a woman as relted to the man whom she is marred to; a wife.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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