Patita, Patīta, Pātita, Paṭita, Pāṭita, Patitā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Patita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of six movements of the Brows: Patita: the brows being at rest, are made to frown. Usage: distaste, astonishment, jealousy.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Patita (पतित) is a Sanskrit word referring to “Brāhmaṇa-murderer and the like”. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 4.213)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Patita (पतित).—A fallen person from the path of righteousness, piṇḍa to be given in the evening and no pollution; whoever he be, even the guru, he must be abandoned; but the fallen mother must not be abandoned.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 59, 150.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Patitā (पतिता) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Patitā) in 20 verses.

Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Patita.—(LP), uncultivated. Note: patita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Pātita.—(Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, p. 14), ‘killed in a battle’. Note: pātita is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

patita : (pp. of patati) fallen down; alighted on. || pātita (pp. of pāteti) felled; thrown off; killed.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Patīta, (pp. of pacceti) pleased, delighted Dh. 68; Sn. 379, 679; Vv 8410 (=pahaṭṭha VvA. 337).—neg. appatīta displeased M. I, 27; J. V, 103 (v. l. appatika, C explanations by assāmika, i.e. without husband). (Page 406)

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Pātita, (pp. of pāteti) brought to fall, felled, destroyed Sn. 631; Dh. 407; J. III, 176; PvA. 31 (so read for patita). (Page 452)

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Paṭita, (adj.) satisfied, happy DhA. II, 269 (°ācāra) (Page 395)

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Patita, (pp. of patati) fallen Dh. 68, 320; J. I, 167; Miln. 187; PvA. 31 (read pātita), 56. (Page 406)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

patita (पतित).—p (S) Fallen. 2 fig. Fallen from caste; fallen from virtue; become wicked. Ex. of comp. jātipatita, sthānapatita, karmapatita, mārgapatita.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

patita (पतित).—p Fallen. Fallen from caste. Fallen from virtue.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Patita (पतित).—p. p.

1) Fallen, descended, alighted.

2) Dropped.

3) Fallen (in a moral sense), abandoned, wicked; नष्टे मृते प्रव्रजिते क्लीबे च पतिते पतौ (naṣṭe mṛte pravrajite klībe ca patite patau) |

4) Apostate.

5) Degraded, outcast.

6) Fallen in battle, defeated or overthrown.

7) Being in, fallen into; as in अवंशपतित (avaṃśapatita).

8) Placed, kept; निक्षेपे पतिते हर्म्ये श्रेष्ठी स्तौति स्वदेवताम् (nikṣepe patite harmye śreṣṭhī stauti svadevatām) Pt. I.14.

9) (with pādayoḥ or pāda-) Having thrown oneself at (a person's feet).

-tam Flying.

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Patita (पतित).—See under पत् (pat).

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Pāṭita (पाटित).—p. p.

1) Torn, cleft, split, broken.

2) Pierced, pricked; आशिषामनुपदं समस्पृशद् दर्भपाटिततलेन पाणिना (āśiṣāmanupadaṃ samaspṛśad darbhapāṭitatalena pāṇinā) R.11.31.

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Pātita (पातित).—p. p.

1) Cast down, struck down.

2) Overthrown, humbled.

3) Lowered.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭita (पटित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Read, studied. 2. Recited, repeated. E. paṭh to read, kta aff.

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Patita (पतित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Fallen, alighted. 2. Fallen from virtue, wicked, abandoned. 3. Fallen in war, defeated, overthrown. 4. Degraded, outcaste. 5. Gone. E. pat to go, aff. karttari kta.

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Pāṭita (पाटित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Torn, broken, divided. 2. Pierced. E. paṭ to divide, in the causal form, aff. kta.

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Pātita (पातित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Felled, struck down. 2. Lowered, depressed, humbled. E. pat to fall, causal v., kta aff.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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