Adhipati: 24 definitions


Adhipati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Adhipati in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Adhipati (अधिपति).—A son of Bhṛgu, and a deva.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 90; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 87.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Adhipati (अधिपति) refers to the “presiding lords of the hours (horā)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “We shall now proceed to give a brief description of (the qualifications of) a jyotiṣaka. [...] He must have a clear knowledge of the causes of Solar, Savana, Siderial and Lunar months as well as of intercalary lunations and intercalary days [i.e., avama]. He must have a knowledge of the beginning and end of Śaṣṭyābda (a cycle of 60 years) [Ṣaṣṭyabda?], a Yuga (5 years), Varṣa (a year), Māsa (a month), Thina (a day) and Horā (an hour) and of their lords [i.e., adhipati]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Adhipati (अधिपति) refers to the “owner (of a pub)”, according to the Mattavilāsaprahasana.—Accordingly, as the Kāpālika cries out: “My darling, look. This pub (surāpa) resembles the Vedic sacrificial ground. For its signpost resembles the sacrificial pillar; in this case alcohol is the Soma, drunkards are the sacrificial priests, the wine glasses are the special cups for drinking Soma, the roasted meat and other appetizers are the fire oblations, the drunken babblings are the sacrificial formulae, the songs are the Sāman-hymns, the pitchers are the sacrificial ladles, thirst is the fire and the owner of the pub (surāpaṇa-adhipati) is the patron of the sacrifice (yajamāna)”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

Predominance (adhipati) and pre-nascence (purejāta), are 2 of the 24 conditions (paccaya).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Adhipati (अधिपति) refers to “(that which is) dominant”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 39).—Accordingly, “[The knowledge of the retribution of actions (karmavipāka-jñānabala)].—[...] The Buddha knows the various causes and conditions of bad actions, such as greed, malice, fear, bad views, bad friends, etc. He knows the various causes and conditions of good actions such as faith, compassion, respect, trance and absorption, wisdom, good friends, etc. Actions are dominant (adhipati): there is no one among gods or men who is able to change the nature of actions. [...]”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Adhipati (अधिपति) (Cf. Ādhipateya, Ādhipatya) refers to “mastery” [?], according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Then, the bodhisatva, the great being, Gaganagañja addressed himself to the Lord: [...] (21) [How do the Bodhisattvas] attain the mastery of all dharmas (sarva-dharma-adhipatisarvadharmādhipateya) after not having regressed from supernatural knowledge? (22) [How do the Bodhisattvas] enter into the profound way of the dharma which is difficult to understand for all the disciples and isolated Buddhas? [...]’”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Adhipati (अधिपति) refers to the “Lord (of the Guhyakas)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [After the Vajrapāṇi asked the Bhagavān for instructions for protection of crops]: “Then the Bhagavān addressed Vajrapāṇi, the Lord (adhipati) of the Guhyakas, ‘Vajrapāṇi, there is the dhāraṇī called the Nāga Assailing and Impeding Vajra, that is the seal of the heart of the Tathāgatas, uttered by former Tathāgatas, Arhats and Perfectly Awakened Ones. I will also utter it now. By this there will be a rapid guarding of all crops for the sake of warding off damage. [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: MDPI Books: The Ocean of Heroes

Adhipati (अधिपति) refers to the “Lord”, according to the 10th-century Ḍākārṇava-tantra: one of the last Tibetan Tantric scriptures belonging to the Buddhist Saṃvara tradition consisting of 51 chapters.—Accordingly: “[...] Every circle has its own sealing. The Yoginīs’ [sealing] is the Lord (adhipati), no other sealing; [he is] powerful. And he should visualize the gnosis-meditation-beings in all circles. Here, a multitude of rays appears; [by means of the rays] he should draw the gnosis circle. [Its details are] to be known from [your] teacher’s instruction. [It is to be performed] with the letters jaḥ hūṃ vaṃ hoḥ. Then, various heroes and Yoginīs perform offering to the leader. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Adhipati.—(LL), a king; cf. pati. Note: adhipati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhipati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adhipati : (m.) lord; master; ruler.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adhipati, (n.-adj.) (adhi + pati, cp. adhipa) 1. ruler, master J.IV, 223; Vv 811; Miln.388; DhA.I, 36 (= seṭṭha). ‹-› 2. ruling over, governing, predominant; ruled or governed by Vbh.216 sq. (chandaṃ adhipatiṃ katvā making energy predominant); DhsA.125, 126 (atta° autonomous, loka° heteronomous, influenced by society). See alṣo Dhs. trsl. 20 & Cpd. 60. (Page 29)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhipati (अधिपति).—m A lord, master, ruler.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhipati (अधिपति).—[adhikaḥ patiḥ]

1) = अधिपः (adhipaḥ).

2) A part of the head where the wound proves immediately fatal; (मस्तकाभ्यन्तरोपरिष्टात् शिरासन्धिसन्निपातो रोमावर्तोऽधिपतिः, तत्रापि सद्यो मरणम् (mastakābhyantaropariṣṭāt śirāsandhisannipāto romāvarto'dhipatiḥ, tatrāpi sadyo maraṇam) Suśr.

Derivable forms: adhipatiḥ (अधिपतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Adhipati (अधिपति).—(as in Pali) used in figurative sense, con- troller, dominant influence or factor: adhipati-pratyaya, relation of dominance (Critical Pali Dictionary), Mahāvyutpatti 2270, fourth of 4 kinds of pratyaya (1), q.v.; adhipatinā (sc. pratyayena) Śikṣāsamuccaya 253.2; Bodhisattvabhūmi 14.4, 10 etc.; 80.22; defined as upāya-hetu, 99.2—3; etc. (common in Bodhisattvabhūmi); the four pratyaya listed also Śatasāhasrikā-prajñāpāramitā 80.4, but there seems to be a corruption in place of adhipati: ālambanāmateya-samanantara-hetu-pratyaya- tām (text °tā; amateya or ām° instead of adhipati!); the other three are as in Mahāvyutpatti; °ti-phalam, dominant fruition, one of the 5 phala (according to Asaṅga (Mahāyāna-sūtrālaṃkāra) of karuṇā), Mahāvyutpatti 2273, ‘because it is the seed of supreme enlightenment’, Sūtrāl xvii.31, commentary; but in more general sense Bodhisattvabhūmi 102.18, expl. 103.5 ff., cakṣurvijñānaṃ cakṣurindriyasyādhipati- phalam,…(etc. with all senses,) svena-svenādhipatyena yat phalaṃ nirvartate, tad adhipatiphalaṃ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhipati (अधिपति).—m.

(-tiḥ) A master, an owner, a ruler. 2. A king. E. adhi, and pati a master.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhipati (अधिपति).—[adhi-pati], m. 1. A lord, an owner, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 37. 2. A king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhipati (अधिपति).—[masculine] lord, master, ruler.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhipati (अधिपति):—[=adhi-pati] [from adhi-pa] m. = adhi-pa

2) [v.s. ...] (in med.) a particular part of the head (where a wound proves instantly fatal).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhipati (अधिपति):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-tiḥ) 1) A master, an owner, a ruler.

2) A king. (A noun depending upon it in these meanings stands in the gen. or loc., f. i. gavāmadhipati or goṣvadhipati.)

3) (In medicine.) ‘That part of the trunk which is inside of the upper part of the head, at the passage of the vessel along the lateral sinus; wounds inflicted there produce instantaneous death’. E. with adhi, uṇ. aff. ḍati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhipati (अधिपति):—[adhi-pati] (tiḥ) 2. m. A master.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Adhipati (अधिपति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ahivai.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adhipati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Adhipati (ಅಧಿಪತಿ):—

1) [noun] = ಅಧಿನಾಥ [adhinatha].

2) [noun] (astrol.) the lord of an astrological house.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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