Patinoratal, Patinoraṭal: 1 definition



Patinoratal means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Patinoraṭal refers to “eleven dances” that were performed in a vettiyal (royal dance) by Madavi (Madhavi) in the presence of Chola King Karikala, as mentioned in the Araṅkeṟṟukāṭai which is a chapter of the Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic authored by Ilango Adigal representing an important piece of Tamil literature.—From the references it is clear that around the 2nd century AD, during the time of Cilappatikāram, the eleven dance forms (patinoraṭal) were performed in a vettiyal (a kind of dance performed in the presence of a king). It is also understood that each dance had its own composition of songs; and the songs which synchronized with the dance were limited within its rhythm and systematized according to the musical forms of the dances.

Kaṭalāṭukkāṭai speaks of the eleven dances of the gods and the goddesses in the sixth canto. The eleven dances were danced by Madavi in the Indra Vila (the festival celebrating the victory of Indra). After praising Viṣṇu, four Varuna-bhutas and Tiṅkal (moon in the sky, moving for the benefit of others), the patinoraṭal (eleven dances) is said to begin.

  1. Koṭukoṭṭi,
  2. Panṭaraṅkam,
  3. Alliam,
  4. Mallāṭal,
  5. Tuṭi,
  6. Kuṭai,
  7. Kuṭam,
  8. Peṭi,
  9. Marakkāl,
  10. Pāvai,
  11. Kaṭayam,
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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