Om, aka: Oṃ; 7 Definition(s)


Om means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Om in Vyakarana glossaries]

Om (ओम्).—See ओंकार (oṃkāra) above-ओम् (om) consists of 2 1/2 matras, cf. अर्धतृतीयमात्र एके ब्रुवते (ardhatṛtīyamātra eke bruvate) T. Pr 18.1; शैत्यायन (śaityāyana) says that ओम् (om) has any one of the three accemts, while कौण्डिन्य (kauṇḍinya) says it has प्रचय (pracaya) or एकश्रुति (ekaśruti) i. e. absence of any accent.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[Om in Shaivism glossaries]

Oṃ (ओं) is the tradition (ovallī) founded by Guḍikanātha, who was one of the twelve princes born to Kuṃkumā, consort to Mīnanātha, who is the incarnation of Siddhanātha in the fourth yuga, belonging to the Pūrvāmnāya (‘eastern doctrine’) tradition of Kula Śaivism, according to the Ciñcinīmatasārasamuccaya. Siddhanātha incarnates as a Kaula master in each of the four yugas. Guḍikanātha was one of the six princes having the authority to teach.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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[Om in Purana glossaries]

Om (ओम्).—This sound is a combination of the three letters-A, U and M. The A—sound signifies Viṣṇu, the U-sound signifies Śiva and the M—sound signifies Brahmā.

"akāro viṣṇuruddiṣṭa ukārastu maheśvaraḥ / makārastu smṛto brahmā praṇavastu trayātmakaḥ // (vāyu purāṇa)."

The sound "Om" is called "Praṇava" or "Brahman." All mantras begin with the sound 'Om'. Because of its sacredness, Śūdras and other low-caste people are not allowed to utter it or to hear it. They may pronounce it only as "Aum." This sound includes all that has happened and all that is to happen. (Māṇḍūkyopaniṣad).

(Source): Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Om in Hinduism glossaries]

Om , or Aum (ॐ): the most sacred syllable in Hinduism, first coming to light in the Vedic Tradition. The syllable is sometimes referred to as the "Udgitha" or "pranava mantra" (primordial mantra); not only because it is considered to be the primal sound, but also because most mantras begin with it.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Om in Buddhism glossaries]
The most simple, yet sacred mantra in Buddhism, also used in other Indian religions.(Source): Buddhist Door: Glossary

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[Om in Marathi glossaries]

ōm (ओम्).—ind S The mystic name of the Deity prefacing all the prayers of the Hindus. It is formed of a A name of viṣṇu, u of śiva, & ma of brahmā.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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