Arthantaranyasa, Arthāntaranyāsa, Arthantara-nyasa: 3 definitions

Introduction

Arthantaranyasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous (A) next»] — Arthantaranyasa in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Mankhaka a sanskrit literary genius (natya)

Arthāntaranyāsa (अर्थान्तरन्यास, “corroboration”) refers to a type of Alaṃkāra (figure of speech).—When a general proposition is strengthened by a particular or a particular by a general one and when an effect is justified by a cause or vice-versa, either under a similarity or a contrast, there is Arthāntaranyāsa or corroboration, which is thus eight-fold.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyavilasa of Ciranjiva Bhattacarya (natyashastra)

Arthāntaranyāsa (अर्थान्तरन्यास) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound).—The figure arthāntaranyāsa is one of the important arthālaṃkāras. It is very favourite of the poets like Kālidāsa, Bhārabi etc. Arthāntaranyāsa has been treated by Bhāmāha (II/71), Daṇḍin (II/169) Vāmana (IV/321), Ruyyaka (A.S.P. 109), Mammaṭa (X/661) Viśvanātha (X/80), Jagannātha (R.G. II/P. 634) and others.

Cirañjīva defines arthāntaranyāsa as follows—“bhavedarthāntaranyāso’ nuṣaktārthāntarābhidhā”.—“When another meaning related with the contextual meaning is stated it is the figure arthāntaranyāsa”. In fact when another meaning relates and corroborates the contextual meaning the figure arthāntaranyāsa takes place. Perhaps this definition is borrowed from the Candrāloka of Jayadeva (C.L V./68) where the same definition is found.

Example of the arthāntaranyāsa-alaṃkāra:—

sa rāvaṇo daivatayūtharāvaṇo videhabhūmīpatinandinīkṛte |
jagāma rāmasya śarairyamālayaṃ na kāmināṃ kiñcidapīha duṣkaram ||

“That Rāvaṇa, malicious to the flock of gods had faced death by the shaft of Rāma for his desire for the daughter of the king of Videha. In this world nothing is heard to be performed by lustful person”.

Notes: Here the primary or contextual meaning is that nothing is difficult to be performed by lustful persons. This primary meaning is related with and corroborated by the meaning of Rāvaṇa’s death. So it is an example of arthāntaranyāsa.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Arthantaranyasa in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arthāntaranyāsa (अर्थान्तरन्यास).—m.

(-saḥ) Antithesis. E. arthāntara, and nyāsa position.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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