Nyasta: 14 definitions


Nyasta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nyast.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Nyasta (न्यस्त).—Name given to अनुदात्त (anudātta) or the grave tone; cf. मात्रा न्यस्ततरैकेषामुभे व्यालिः समस्वरे (mātrā nyastataraikeṣāmubhe vyāliḥ samasvare) R. Pr. III. 17 where Uvvata explains न्यस्ततरा (nyastatarā) as अनुदात्ततरा (anudāttatarā).

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nyasta (न्यस्त) means “to lie down” (e.g., the enemy lies at one’s feet), according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, while describing Trikhaṇḍā: “[...] The goddess is enveloped in divine clothes and is adorned with many kinds of flowers. She is the Great Light and, shining intensely, she is in the middle of the Wheel of Mothers each of whom has four arms, three eyes and a topknot. Each holds a sword, club, skull and makes a boon bestowing gesture. They have many ornaments. Their form is divine and beautiful. They shine and, possessing many forms, they are beautiful. Each is seated on her own vehicle in the lotus posture. The enemy lies at their feet [i.e., nyastaśatru pādatale nyastaṃ] and, controlled by a spell, is consumed along with (offerings of) meat and the like by (their) servants, Vetālas, Ḍākinīs, and ghosts. Very fierce, they strike (the enemy and) drink streams of (his) blood. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Agriculture (Krishi) and Vrikshayurveda (study of Plant life)

Source: Shodhganga: Drumavichitrikarnam—Plant mutagenesis in ancient India

Nyasta (न्यस्त) refers to “placing a plant in the ground”, according to the Vṛkṣāyurveda by Sūrapāla (1000 CE): an encyclopedic work dealing with the study of trees and the principles of ancient Indian agriculture.—Accordingly, “A big and strong mud pot should be filled with the mixture of mud and plenty of beef; and the Nerium indicum plant should be grown there with effort by watering profusely with cow dung and good quality beef. The above stated plant of Nerium indicum should then be shifted to a pit (nyasta) previously prepared by filling with cow bones, well-burnt ashes and then wetted by water mixed with beef. Thereafter, the plant should be fed with plenty of water mixed with beef. So treated, it is transformed into a creeper to blossom profusely and perennially”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nyasta (न्यस्त).—p S Placed, deposited, consigned, delivered. 2 Thrown.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nyasta (न्यस्त).—p Placed, deposited.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nyasta (न्यस्त).—p. p.

1) Cast down, thrown or laid down, deposited.

2) Put in, inserted, applied; न्यस्ताक्षराः (nyastākṣarāḥ) Ku. 1.7.

3) Depicted, drawn; चित्रन्यस्त (citranyasta).

4) Consigned, delivered or transferred to; अहमपि तव सूनावायुषि न्यस्त- राज्यः (ahamapi tava sūnāvāyuṣi nyasta- rājyaḥ) V.5.17.

5) Leaning, resting on.

6) Given up, set aside, resigned.

7) Mystically touched; नित्यं न्यस्तषडङ्ग- चक्रनिहितं हृत्पद्ममध्योदितम् (nityaṃ nyastaṣaḍaṅga- cakranihitaṃ hṛtpadmamadhyoditam) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.2.

8) Exposed (for sale; krayāya nyasta).

9) Put on, donned; न्यस्तालक्तकरक्तमाल्यवसना (nyastālaktakaraktamālyavasanā) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.24.

1) Having the low tone (as a vowel).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyasta (न्यस्त).—mfn.

(-staḥ-stā-staṃ) 1. Deposited, consigned, delivered. 2. Placed in or upon. 3. Applied to. E. ni before, as to throw or send, aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyasta (न्यस्त).—[adjective] thrown down, put aside, stretched or laid out, mystically touched, leaned upon, put on or donned, applied to (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nyasta (न्यस्त):—[=ny-asta] [from ny-as] mfn. thrown or cast or laid down, put, placed, fixed, inserted, applied, deposited, committed

2) [v.s. ...] given up, resigned, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

3) [v.s. ...] stretched out, lying, [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] exposed (krayāya, for sale), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] mystically touched, [Mālatīmādhava v, 2]

6) [v.s. ...] put on, donned, [ib. 22]

7) [v.s. ...] having the low tone (as a vowel), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya]

8) [v.s. ...] short, [Śrutabodha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nyasta (न्यस्त):—[(staḥ-stā-staṃ) a.] Deposited, placed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nyasta (न्यस्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ṇattha, Ṇimia, Ṇisiya, Ṇumia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nyasta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nyasta (न्यस्त) [Also spelled nyast]:—(a) deposited, trusted, vested; abandoned.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nyasta (ನ್ಯಸ್ತ):—[adjective] kept; placed.

--- OR ---

Nyasta (ನ್ಯಸ್ತ):—

1) [noun] that which is kept, placed (in a particular position, place, etc.).

2) [noun] that which is conveyed, delivered.

--- OR ---

Nyāstā (ನ್ಯಾಸ್ತಾ):—[noun] the state of being a friend; association as friends; friendship.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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