Matsarya, Mātsarya: 9 definitions

Introduction

Matsarya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Matsarya in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa

Mātsarya (मात्सर्य) refers to “envy” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the mental (mānasa) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., mātsarya) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Mātsarya (मात्सर्य, “avarice”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (eg., Mātsarya).

Mātsarya (मात्सर्य, “avarice”) according to chapter 36: “avarice (mātsarya) is a calamity: Because of it, one experiences sadness and fear. Bathing it with the water of generosity At once brings good fortune and happiness. [...] Condemning avarice (mātsarya) in many ways and praising generosity (dāna) is called ‘recollection of material generosity’ (āmiṣadāna-anusmṛti)”.

According to chapter L.—Accordingly, “[...] the Bodhisattva-Mahāsattva who wishes to not produce thoughts of avarice (mātsarya), immorality, malice, laziness, distraction or false wisdom should practice the perfection of wisdom”.—Thus, when the Bodhisattva is practicing generosity (dāna) and a mind of avarice (mātsarya) arises in him, it makes the gift impure (aviśuddha); sometimes, he will not give pure things; or if he gives external things, he does not give a lot of them; or if he gives inwardly, he does not give fully: all of this because of the thought of avarice (mātsarya).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

1) Mātsarya (मात्सर्य, “selfishness”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mātsarya). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Mātsarya also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

2) Mātsarya (मात्सर्य) refers to the “five selfishnesses” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 78):

  1. dharma-mātsarya (selfishness regarding dharma),
  2. lābha-mātsarya (selfishness regarding wealth),
  3. āvāsa-mātsarya (selfishness regarding dwellings),
  4. kuśala-mātsarya (selfishness regarding wholesomeness),
  5. varṇa-mātsarya (selfishness regarding class).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., mātsarya). The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Mātsarya (मात्सर्य, “jealousy”) refers to “non-imparting (out of jealousy) of true knowledge” and it is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas which obscure knowledge and perception.

Mātsarya is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Mātsarya (मात्सर्य).—What is meant by ‘non-imparting knowledge out of jealousy (mātsarya)’? Not responding to a query by a learned person i.e. does not reply thinking that the person seeking knowledge will become equal or more than him, is non-imparting knowledge out of jealousy / envy (mātsarya).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mātsarya (मात्सर्य).—n S Envy, impatience of another's excellence or prosperity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mātsarya (मात्सर्य).—n Envy. Impatience of one's excellence or prosperity.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mātsarya (मात्सर्य).—

1) Envy, jealousy, spite, malice; अहो वस्तुनि मात्सर्यम् (aho vastuni mātsaryam) Ks.21.49; Ki.3.53; मात्सर्यमुत्सार्य विचार्य धूर्याः (mātsaryamutsārya vicārya dhūryāḥ) S. D.

2) Displeasure.

Derivable forms: mātsaryam (मात्सर्यम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mātsarya (मात्सर्य) or Mātsaryya.—n.

(-ryaṃ) Envy, malice. E. matsara envious, and ṣyañ aff.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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