Matsarya, aka: Mātsarya; 6 Definition(s)
Matsarya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Mātsarya (मात्सर्य) refers to “envy” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the mental (mānasa) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”
Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., mātsarya) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.
The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.(Source): Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa
The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Mātsarya (मात्सर्य, “avarice”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (eg., Mātsarya).(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Jainism)
Mātsarya (मात्सर्य, “jealousy”) refers to “non-imparting (out of jealousy) of true knowledge” and it is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of karmas which obscure knowledge and perception.
Mātsarya is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.(Source): Wisdom Library: Jainism
Mātsarya (मात्सर्य).—What is meant by ‘non-imparting knowledge out of jealousy (mātsarya)’? Not responding to a query by a learned person i.e. does not reply thinking that the person seeking knowledge will become equal or more than him, is non-imparting knowledge out of jealousy / envy (mātsarya).(Source): Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
mātsarya (मात्सर्य).—n S Envy, impatience of another's excellence or prosperity.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
mātsarya (मात्सर्य).—n Envy. Impatience of one's excellence or prosperity.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
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Search found 7 books and stories containing Matsarya or Mātsarya. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Śrī Hari-bhakti-kalpa-latikā (by Sarasvati Thkura)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The story of the two brothers who got rid of their gold < [V. Recollection of abandonment (tyāgānusmṛti)]
5. Generosity and the virtue of meditation < [Part 13 - Generosity and the other virtues]
Part 1 - Definition of generosity (dāna) < [Chapter XIX - The Characteristics of Generosity]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (by Śrīla Sanātana Gosvāmī)
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 2 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Śrī Gauḍīya Kaṇṭhahāra (by Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati)
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