Matsari, Matsarī: 4 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Matsari means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Matsarī (मत्सरी) or Matsarin refers to “one who is greedy”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be red-eyed, have honey-colored eyes or cats’ eyes. He should not be greedy (matsarī), a have inflammation of the neck glands, or inclined to hypocritical behavior. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., matsarī), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., matsarī) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: 84000 Reading Room: The King of Samādhis Sūtra

Matsarī (मत्सरी) refers to “stinginess”, according to the Tibetan translation of matsarī, which accords with the Mahāvyutpatti and the Chinese, whereas in Sanskrit dictionaries it is said to mean “envy”.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Wisdom Library: Sanskrit Dictionary

Matsarī (मत्सरी) in Sanskrit refers to “miser” (or ‘one who is greedy’). In Pali, the word is known as Maccharin (‘selfish’, ‘envious’, ‘greedy’, etc.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsarī (मत्सरी):—[from matsara > matsa] (ī) f. (in music) a [particular] Mūrchanā, [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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