Matsara, Mātsara: 15 definitions


Matsara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Matsar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Matsara (मत्सर) refers to “jealousy”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] vulgar persons who observe sacrificial rites alone are acrimonious and wicked. With harsh words and jealousy (i.e., matsara) these deluded persons inflict pain on others. O lord, let not the destruction of these gods be carried out by you. O lord, great god, be merciful”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Matsara (मत्सर) refers to “greediness”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “An abnormal modification caused by a aggressive ritual against Kings, occurring at the improper time, dreadful and all-reaching, is characterized by the these signs: [...] meteors fall violently making dreadful sounds; ministers fight with each other out of greediness (matsaramatsareṇa parasparam); in the night a terrifying rainbow shines, even if there are no clouds; here and there in the city great danger arises because of fire; [...] from such and other signs he should understand that the enemy is performing a aggressive ritual”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

matsara (मत्सर).—m (S) Envy. matsarī a (S) Envious.

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matsara (मत्सर).—m P (matsarā S) A mosquito or gnat.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

matsara (मत्सर).—m Envy. A gnat or mosquito. matsarī a Envious.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Matsara (मत्सर).—a. [mad-saran; Uṇādi-sūtra 3.73]

1) Jealous, envious.

2) Insatiate, greedy, covetous.

3) Niggardly.

4) Wicked.

5) Selfish, self-interested.

6) Ved. Satisfying.

7) Intoxicating (Ved.).

-raḥ 1 Envy, jealousy; अदत्ताव- काशो मत्सरस्य (adattāva- kāśo matsarasya) K.45; परवृद्धिषु बद्धमत्सराणाम् (paravṛddhiṣu baddhamatsarāṇām) Kirātārjunīya 13.7; Śiśupālavadha 9. 63; Kumārasambhava 5.17; निन्दन्ति मां सदा लोका धिगस्तु मम जीवनम् । इत्यात्मनि भवेद्यस्तु धिक्कारः स च मत्सरः (nindanti māṃ sadā lokā dhigastu mama jīvanam | ityātmani bhavedyastu dhikkāraḥ sa ca matsaraḥ) Kriyāyogasāra.

2) Hostility, enmity; स चापमुत्सृज्य विवृद्धमत्सरः (sa cāpamutsṛjya vivṛddhamatsaraḥ) R.3.6.

3) Pride; इति धौतपुरंध्रिमत्सरान् सरसि मज्जनेन (iti dhautapuraṃdhrimatsarān sarasi majjanena) Śiśupālavadha 8.71.

4) Covetousness, greediness.

5) Anger, passion.

6) The Soma.

-raḥ, -rā A gnat.

-rī (In music) a particular मूर्च्छना (mūrcchanā).

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Mātsara (मात्सर).—a. (- f.),

-mātsarika a. (- f.) Jealous, envious, malicious, spiteful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsara (मत्सर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Envious. 2. Niggardly, covetous. mf.

(-raḥ-rā) 1. Envy, impatience of another’s success or prosperity. 2. Passion, anger. 3. A gnat, a musquito. 4. Greediness. E. madi to rejoice, Unadi aff. sara .

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Mātsara (मात्सर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Envious, or impatient of another’s prosperity E. matsara envy, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsara (मत्सर).—probably 2. maa-sṛ + a, I. adj. 1. Envious, hostile, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 133, 13. 2. Niggardly. 3. Wicked. Ii. m. 1. Envy, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 63; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 231. 2. Jealousy, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 55, 8. 3. Anger, passion. Iii. f. , A gnat.

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Mātsara (मात्सर).—i. e. matsara + a, adj. Envious.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsara (मत्सर).—[adjective] exhilarating, intoxicating, gay, merry; selfish, envious, jealous. [masculine] the exhilarater (Soma); envy, jealousy of, eagerness for ([locative] or —°), indignation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Matsara (मत्सर):—[from matsa] a mfn. ([probably] [from] √2. mad; cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 73]), exhilarating, intoxicating, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] cheerful, joyous, gay, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] selfish, greedy, envious, jealous, hostile, wicked, [Kāvya literature]

4) [v.s. ...] m. the exhilarater, gladdener (Soma), [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] selfishness, envy, jealousy, hostility, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] wrath, anger, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] passion for ([locative case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sādhya, [Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] b mf. a fly, mosquito, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) c rin See p.776, [column] 2.

11) Mātsara (मात्सर):—mf(ī)n. ([from] matsara) envious, jealous, malicious, selfish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Matsara (मत्सर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ)] 1. m. f. Envy; passion. f. () A gnat, a musquito. a. Envious, covetous.

2) Mātsara (मात्सर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Envious.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Matsara (मत्सर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Macchara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Matsara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matsara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Matsara (मत्सर) [Also spelled matsar]:—(nm) jealousy; jealousness; envy; ~[rayukta] jealous envious.

2) Mātsara (मात्सर):—(a) jealous, envious; malicious.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Matsara (ಮತ್ಸರ):—

1) [noun] jealous resentment against a rival, a person enjoying success or advantage, etc. or against another’s success or advantage itself; jealousy; envy.

2) [noun] the feeling of one who hates; intense dislike or extreme aversion or hostility; hatred.

3) [noun] strong, stern or fierce anger; deeply resentful indignation; ire; wrath.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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