Matsara, Mātsara: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Matsara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Matsar.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Matsara (मत्सर) refers to “jealousy”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] vulgar persons who observe sacrificial rites alone are acrimonious and wicked. With harsh words and jealousy (i.e., matsara) these deluded persons inflict pain on others. O lord, let not the destruction of these gods be carried out by you. O lord, great god, be merciful”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

matsara (मत्सर).—m (S) Envy. matsarī a (S) Envious.

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matsara (मत्सर).—m P (matsarā S) A mosquito or gnat.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

matsara (मत्सर).—m Envy. A gnat or mosquito. matsarī a Envious.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Matsara (मत्सर).—a. [mad-saran; Uṇ.3.73]

1) Jealous, envious.

2) Insatiate, greedy, covetous.

3) Niggardly.

4) Wicked.

5) Selfish, self-interested.

6) Ved. Satisfying.

7) Intoxicating (Ved.).

-raḥ 1 Envy, jealousy; अदत्ताव- काशो मत्सरस्य (adattāva- kāśo matsarasya) K.45; परवृद्धिषु बद्धमत्सराणाम् (paravṛddhiṣu baddhamatsarāṇām) Ki.13.7; Śi.9. 63; Ku.5.17; निन्दन्ति मां सदा लोका धिगस्तु मम जीवनम् । इत्यात्मनि भवेद्यस्तु धिक्कारः स च मत्सरः (nindanti māṃ sadā lokā dhigastu mama jīvanam | ityātmani bhavedyastu dhikkāraḥ sa ca matsaraḥ) Kriyāyogasāra.

2) Hostility, enmity; स चापमुत्सृज्य विवृद्धमत्सरः (sa cāpamutsṛjya vivṛddhamatsaraḥ) R.3.6.

3) Pride; इति धौतपुरंध्रिमत्सरान् सरसि मज्जनेन (iti dhautapuraṃdhrimatsarān sarasi majjanena) Śi.8.71.

4) Covetousness, greediness.

5) Anger, passion.

6) The Soma.

-raḥ, -rā A gnat.

-rī (In music) a particular मूर्च्छना (mūrcchanā).

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Mātsara (मात्सर).—a. (- f.),

-mātsarika a. (- f.) Jealous, envious, malicious, spiteful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsara (मत्सर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Envious. 2. Niggardly, covetous. mf.

(-raḥ-rā) 1. Envy, impatience of another’s success or prosperity. 2. Passion, anger. 3. A gnat, a musquito. 4. Greediness. E. madi to rejoice, Unadi aff. sara .

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Mātsara (मात्सर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Envious, or impatient of another’s prosperity E. matsara envy, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsara (मत्सर).—probably 2. maa-sṛ + a, I. adj. 1. Envious, hostile, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 133, 13. 2. Niggardly. 3. Wicked. Ii. m. 1. Envy, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 63; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 231. 2. Jealousy, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 55, 8. 3. Anger, passion. Iii. f. , A gnat.

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Mātsara (मात्सर).—i. e. matsara + a, adj. Envious.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsara (मत्सर).—[adjective] exhilarating, intoxicating, gay, merry; selfish, envious, jealous. [masculine] the exhilarater (Soma); envy, jealousy of, eagerness for ([locative] or —°), indignation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Matsara (मत्सर):—[from matsa] a mfn. ([probably] [from] √2. mad; cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 73]), exhilarating, intoxicating, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] cheerful, joyous, gay, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] selfish, greedy, envious, jealous, hostile, wicked, [Kāvya literature]

4) [v.s. ...] m. the exhilarater, gladdener (Soma), [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] selfishness, envy, jealousy, hostility, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] wrath, anger, [ib.]

7) [v.s. ...] passion for ([locative case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sādhya, [Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] b mf. a fly, mosquito, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) c rin See p.776, [column] 2.

11) Mātsara (मात्सर):—mf(ī)n. ([from] matsara) envious, jealous, malicious, selfish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Matsara (मत्सर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ)] 1. m. f. Envy; passion. f. () A gnat, a musquito. a. Envious, covetous.

2) Mātsara (मात्सर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Envious.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Matsara (मत्सर):—(von 1. mad) [Uṇādisūtra 3, 73.]

1) adj. a) ergötzend, erheiternd, berauschend: indavaḥ [Ṛgveda 1, 14, 4. 15, 1.] somāsaḥ [137, 1. 9, 13, 8.] madaḥ [1, 175, 1. 2. 2, 41, 14.] andhāṃsi [7, 73, 4. 9, 17, 3. 21, 1. 26, 6. 27, 5. 30, 6. 107, 14. 10, 30, 9.] subst. Ergötzer so v. a. Soma [6, 17, 4. 9, 46, 4. 69, 6.] [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 4, 25, 6.] — b) selbstsüchtig, eigennützig; neidisch, missgünstig [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 25, 174.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 586.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 194.] [VIŚVA] bei [UJJVAL.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 35, 65.] [Spr. 2226.] manas [1186], v.l. kratuṣu [UTTARARĀMAC. 100, 17.] = kṛpaṇa [Amarakoṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [VIŚVA], = kaṭu [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 9, 38.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 83.] [Medinīkoṣa ṭ. 4. 5.] —

2) m. a) Neid, Missgunst, Eifersucht [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 25, 174.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 586.] [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 194.] [VIŚVA a. a. O.] [Yāska’s Nirukta 14, 7.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 17, 17, 2.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 267.] [Indralokāgamana 4, 8.] [Mahābhārata 1, 2263. 5, 1644.] [Spr. 660. 1988. 4461] [?(auch Mahābhārata 3, 13988). KĀM. NĪTIS. 5, 18. Geschichte des Vidūṣaka 337.] matsaraṃ yayuḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 39, 23. 46, 57.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 49, 14.] [Śiśupālavadha 9, 63.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 18, 29.] pāṇḍaveṣu [Mahābhārata 7, 4490. 14, 1004.] nisargasiddho nārīṇāṃ sapatnīṣu hi matsaraḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 42, 65.] anyonya [KĀM. NĪTIS. 8, 81.] avanipati [3, 38.] durjanā guṇamatsarāḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 24, 203.] amatsarāśayā [16, 114.] Mehrere Stellen könnten auch zu b. gehören. — b) Unwille [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [VIŚVA.] [Mahābhārata 14, 119.] [Raghuvaṃśa 3, 60.] nindanti māṃ sadā lokā dhigastu mama jīvanam . ityātmani bhavedyastu dhikkāraḥ sa ca matsaraḥ .. [KRIYĀYOGAS. 19 im Śabdakalpadruma] yadyadrocate viprebhyastattaddadyādamatsaraḥ so v. a. gern [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 231.] goṣu tiṣṭhantīṣvanutiṣṭhettu vrajantīṣvanuvrajet . āsīnāsu tathāsīno niyato vītamatsaraḥ .. [11, 111.] so v. a. Feindschaft: virodhisattvojjhita (tapovana) [Kumārasaṃbhava 5, 17.] — c) das Versessensein auf (loc.): artheṣu [Mahābhārata 2, 2058.] yuddhamatsaravegitam (yuddhāya samupasthitam die neuere Ausg.) [Harivaṃśa 2502.] —

3) f. ā Fliege [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [VIŚVA]; m. nach [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 366.] — Vgl. nirmatsara, vi, sa .

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Mātsara (मात्सर):—adj. = matsara [?1,b. ŚABDĀRTHAK. bei WILSON.]

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Matsara (मत्सर):—

2) a) [Kathāsaritsāgara 72, 369. 73, 97. 74, 81.]

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Matsara (मत्सर):—

2) d) Nomen proprium eines Sādhya [Harivaṃśa 11537] nach der Lesart der neueren Ausg., vatsara die ältere.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Matsara (मत्सर):——

1) Adj. — a) ergötzend , berauschend. — b) lustig. — c) selbstsüchtig , eigennützig. — d) neidisch , eifgersüchtig.

2) m. — a) Ergötzer , so v.a. Soma. — b) Neid , Missgunst , Eifersucht , — auf (Loc. oder im Comp. vorangehend). — c) Unwille. — d) das Versessensein auf (Loc. oder im Comp. vorangehend). — e) Nomen proprium eines Sādhya [Harivaṃśa 3,12,46.] —

3) *m. f. ( ā) Fliege.

4) f. ī eine best. Mūrchanā [Saṃgitasārasaṃgraha 30] - Die Bedeutungen selbstsüchtig u.s.w. könnten auf einer falschen Etymologie des Wortes ( matu + sara) beruhen.

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Mātsara (मात्सर):—Adj. = matsara

1) c) d).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Matsara in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Matsara (मत्सर) [Also spelled matsar]:—(nm) jealousy; jealousness; envy; ~[rayukta] jealous envious.

2) Mātsara (मात्सर):—(a) jealous, envious; malicious.

context information

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