Matsara, Mātsara: 15 definitions
Matsara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Matsar.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Matsara (मत्सर) refers to “jealousy”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.41.—Accordingly, as Viṣṇu and others eulogized Śiva:—“[...] vulgar persons who observe sacrificial rites alone are acrimonious and wicked. With harsh words and jealousy (i.e., matsara) these deluded persons inflict pain on others. O lord, let not the destruction of these gods be carried out by you. O lord, great god, be merciful”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: Universität Wien: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā
Matsara (मत्सर) refers to “greediness”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “An abnormal modification caused by a aggressive ritual against Kings, occurring at the improper time, dreadful and all-reaching, is characterized by the these signs: [...] meteors fall violently making dreadful sounds; ministers fight with each other out of greediness (matsara—matsareṇa parasparam); in the night a terrifying rainbow shines, even if there are no clouds; here and there in the city great danger arises because of fire; [...] from such and other signs he should understand that the enemy is performing a aggressive ritual”.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
matsara (मत्सर).—m (S) Envy. matsarī a (S) Envious.
--- OR ---
matsara (मत्सर).—m P (matsarā S) A mosquito or gnat.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
matsara (मत्सर).—m Envy. A gnat or mosquito. matsarī a Envious.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Matsara (मत्सर).—a. [mad-saran; Uṇādi-sūtra 3.73]
1) Jealous, envious.
2) Insatiate, greedy, covetous.
5) Selfish, self-interested.
6) Ved. Satisfying.
7) Intoxicating (Ved.).
-raḥ 1 Envy, jealousy; अदत्ताव- काशो मत्सरस्य (adattāva- kāśo matsarasya) K.45; परवृद्धिषु बद्धमत्सराणाम् (paravṛddhiṣu baddhamatsarāṇām) Kirātārjunīya 13.7; Śiśupālavadha 9. 63; Kumārasambhava 5.17; निन्दन्ति मां सदा लोका धिगस्तु मम जीवनम् । इत्यात्मनि भवेद्यस्तु धिक्कारः स च मत्सरः (nindanti māṃ sadā lokā dhigastu mama jīvanam | ityātmani bhavedyastu dhikkāraḥ sa ca matsaraḥ) Kriyāyogasāra.
2) Hostility, enmity; स चापमुत्सृज्य विवृद्धमत्सरः (sa cāpamutsṛjya vivṛddhamatsaraḥ) R.3.6.
3) Pride; इति धौतपुरंध्रिमत्सरान् सरसि मज्जनेन (iti dhautapuraṃdhrimatsarān sarasi majjanena) Śiśupālavadha 8.71.
4) Covetousness, greediness.
5) Anger, passion.
6) The Soma.
-raḥ, -rā A gnat.
-rī (In music) a particular मूर्च्छना (mūrcchanā).
--- OR ---
Mātsara (मात्सर).—a. (-rī f.),
-mātsarika a. (-kī f.) Jealous, envious, malicious, spiteful.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Envious. 2. Niggardly, covetous. mf.
(-raḥ-rā) 1. Envy, impatience of another’s success or prosperity. 2. Passion, anger. 3. A gnat, a musquito. 4. Greediness. E. madi to rejoice, Unadi aff. sara .
--- OR ---
(-raḥ-rī-raṃ) Envious, or impatient of another’s prosperity E. matsara envy, aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Matsara (मत्सर).—probably 2. maa-sṛ + a, I. adj. 1. Envious, hostile, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 133, 13. 2. Niggardly. 3. Wicked. Ii. m. 1. Envy, [Śiśupālavadha] 9, 63; [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 231. 2. Jealousy, [Mālavikāgnimitra, (ed. Tullberg.)] 55, 8. 3. Anger, passion. Iii. f. rā, A gnat.
--- OR ---
Mātsara (मात्सर).—i. e. matsara + a, adj. Envious.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Matsara (मत्सर).—[adjective] exhilarating, intoxicating, gay, merry; selfish, envious, jealous. [masculine] the exhilarater (Soma); envy, jealousy of, eagerness for ([locative] or —°), indignation.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Matsara (मत्सर):—[from matsa] a mfn. ([probably] [from] √2. mad; cf. [Uṇādi-sūtra iii, 73]), exhilarating, intoxicating, [Ṛg-veda]
2) [v.s. ...] cheerful, joyous, gay, [ib.]
3) [v.s. ...] selfish, greedy, envious, jealous, hostile, wicked, [Kāvya literature]
4) [v.s. ...] m. the exhilarater, gladdener (Soma), [Ṛg-veda]
5) [v.s. ...] selfishness, envy, jealousy, hostility, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
6) [v.s. ...] wrath, anger, [ib.]
7) [v.s. ...] passion for ([locative case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]
8) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sādhya, [Harivaṃśa]
9) [v.s. ...] b mf. a fly, mosquito, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) c rin See p.776, [column] 2.
11) Mātsara (मात्सर):—mf(ī)n. ([from] matsara) envious, jealous, malicious, selfish, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Matsara (मत्सर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ)] 1. m. f. Envy; passion. f. (rā) A gnat, a musquito. a. Envious, covetous.
2) Mātsara (मात्सर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Envious.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Matsara (मत्सर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Macchara.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
1) Matsara (मत्सर) [Also spelled matsar]:—(nm) jealousy; jealousness; envy; ~[rayukta] jealous envious.
2) Mātsara (मात्सर):—(a) jealous, envious; malicious.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] jealous resentment against a rival, a person enjoying success or advantage, etc. or against another’s success or advantage itself; jealousy; envy.
2) [noun] the feeling of one who hates; intense dislike or extreme aversion or hostility; hatred.
3) [noun] strong, stern or fierce anger; deeply resentful indignation; ire; wrath.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with: Amatsara, Apamatsara, Dharmamatsara, Gatamatsara, Masamatsara, Nirmatsara, Samatsara, Sarpamatsara, Savatamatsara, Savatimatsara, Unmatsara, Vanmatsara, Vimatsara, Vitamatsara, Vivriddhamatsara, Vyapetamadamatsara.
Full-text (+21): Macchara, Samatsara, Nirmatsara, Vimatsara, Matsarya, Amatsara, Matsarin, Vitamatsara, Matsarika, Matsaravant, Matsaramanas, Matsaravat, Amatsarya, Amatsaryata, Matsaryya, Dharmamatsara, Vimatsarin, Masamatsara, Matsari, Vanmatsara.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Matsara, Mātsara; (plurals include: Matsaras, Mātsaras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.2.41 < [Chapter 2 - Jñāna (knowledge)]
Verse 2.4.45 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 1.7.84 < [Chapter 7 - Pūrṇa (pinnacle of excellent devotees)]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Harivamsha Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
The Bhagavata Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 29 - The Path of Bhakti (Bhaktiyoga) and The Power of Time < [Book 3 - Third Skandha]