Matsarin: 13 definitions


Matsarin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: eScholarship: Chapters 1-14 of the Hayasirsa Pancaratra

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्) or Matsarī refers to “one who is greedy”, representing an undesirable characteristic of an Ācārya, according to the 9th-century Hayaśīrṣa-pañcarātra Ādikāṇḍa chapter 3.—The Lord said:—“I will tell you about the Sthāpakas endowed with perverse qualities. He should not construct a temple with those who are avoided in this Tantra. [...] He should not be red-eyed, have honey-colored eyes or cats’ eyes. He should not be greedy (matsarin), a have inflammation of the neck glands, or inclined to hypocritical behavior. [...] A god enshrined by any of these named above (viz., matsarin), is in no manner a giver of fruit. If a building for Viṣṇu is made anywhere by these excluded types (viz., matsarin) then that temple will not give rise to enjoyment and liberation and will yield no reward, of this there is no doubt”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्) refers to “misers”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 36).—Accordingly, “If the Bhikṣu thinks about his own virtues of abandonment and discipline, his fear also disappears. Actually, immoral beings fear falling into hell and misers [i.e., matsarin] fear being reborn among the hungry ghosts or among poor people. The Bhikṣu himself remembers that he has pure morality and generosity-abandonment. If he recollects his pure discipline or his own abandonment, his mind is joyful and he says to himself: ‘As long as my life is not exhausted, I will still increase my virtues and, at the end of my life, I will not be afraid of falling into the unfortunate destinies’.This is why the recollection of discipline and the recollection of renunciation can also prevent fear from arising”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Wisdom Library: Sanskrit Dictionary

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्) or Matsarī in Sanskrit refers to “miser” (or ‘one who is greedy’). In Pali, the word is known as Maccharin (‘selfish’, ‘envious’, ‘greedy’, etc.).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्).—a. [matsara-ini]

1) Envious, jealous; परवृद्धिमत्सरि मनो हि मानिनाम् (paravṛddhimatsari mano hi māninām) Śiśupālavadha 15.1;2.115; दुष्टात्मा परगुणमत्सरी मनुष्यः (duṣṭātmā paraguṇamatsarī manuṣyaḥ) Mṛcchakaṭika 9.37; R.18.19.

2) Hostile, inimical.

3) Greedy of, selfishly addicted to (with loc.)

4) Wicked.

5) Ved. Intoxicating.

6) Satisfying.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्).—(Sanskrit id., Pali maccharin), in deśanā-°riṇaś ca Mahāvastu i.90.3, of backsliding would-be Bodhisattvas, probably resentful of religious instruction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) 1. Wicked, depraved, bad. 2. Envious. E. matsara envy, ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्).—i. e. matsara + in, adj., f. iṇī. 1. Envious, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 201. 2. Wicked.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्).—[adjective] = [preceding] + envious, jealous of, eager for ([locative] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Matsarin (मत्सरिन्):—[from matsa] mfn. exhilarating, intoxicating, [Ṛg-veda] (superl. rīn-tama)

2) [v.s. ...] jealous, envious, wicked, bad, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] addicted to, fond of ([locative case]), [Rāmāyaṇa] (cf. a-m)

4) [v.s. ...] m. an enemy, [Haravijaya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्):—[(ri-riṇī-ri) a.] Wicked, envious.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Matsarin (मत्सरिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Macchari.

[Sanskrit to German]

Matsarin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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