Kalusa, Kalusha: 24 definitions


Kalusa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kalush.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kaluṣa (कलुष):—[kaluṣaḥ] Turbid

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Kaluṣa (कलुष) refers to “disturbed” (waters), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. [...] When the spots appear on the solar disc the waters will get disturbed [i.e., kaluṣa]; the sky will be filled with dust; high winds capable of breaking down the tops of mountains and of trees, will carry pebbles and sand along their course”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Kaluṣa (कलुष) refers to “impurities”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] Just as gold which has been smelted and has left behind its impurities (kaluṣa), becomes pure, and water, which is waveless [when] in [a place] without wind, becomes nothing but its own transparent nature, so, this entire world, which has left behind its aspected [nature], shines intensely, aspectless. That is the pure reality, whose essential nature is innate, and certainly [arises] when the no-mind [state] has arisen. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kaluṣa (कलुष) refers to the “impurities” (of the Kali Age), according to the according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] The issue from her womb is Akula (brought about) by the Yoga of the vitality of concentration. Born as an issue of the Divine Current, a (veritable) aggregate of a host of excellent qualities, he is the most excellent in the world. The three worlds bow to (this) great soul, a Siddha (born) within (the goddess and issued forth) from the path of Caṇḍikā’s Door (in the Cavity of Brahmā). Called Vṛkṣanātha, he, the remover of the impurities (kaluṣa-hara) of the Kali Age, will take birth in this way’”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Kaluṣa (कलुष) refers to the “dirt (in the river weater)” (in the rainy season), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] In the rainy season, when the breeze surcharged with the fragrance of the Kadamba flowers blows in every direction, when the river-water becomes dirty (kaluṣa) with the washings by the rain [sarvatrāsārasaṃcārakaluṣe saridambuni], when the crickets fill the whole space with their noise, these birds should be tended in such a way that regaining their vigour they may cast off their old feathers and assume new ones just as snakes assume a new slough. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Kaluṣa (कलुष) refers to “agitation”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the great Nāga kings said to the Bhagavān]: “[...] We will ripen all flowers, fruits and crops, [to be] soft-bodied, pleasing, fragrant, perfect and to have pungent juices. We will eliminate all discord, agitation (kaluṣa), famine, harsh speech and bad omens. We will send down rain showers duly at the proper time. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Kaluṣa (कलुष) [=kaluṣī?] refers to “dirty”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “If, by chance, this body is cleaned by the waters of the ocean then, being cleaned, in an instant it contaminates [com.—it makes dirty (kaluṣīkaroti)] even those [waters] also. If this body were not covered with skin, then who would be able to protect [it] from flies, worms and crows?”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kalusa : (nt.) 1. sin; 2. impurity. (adj.),1. impure; 2. dirty.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kalusa, (cp. Sk. kaluṣa) muddy, dirty, impure; in °bhāva the state of being turbid, impure, obscured (of the mind) DA. I, 275. (Page 199)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaluṣa (कलुष).—n S Sin.

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kaluṣa (कलुष).—a S Turbid, muddy, foul, lit. fig.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaluṣa (कलुष).—n Sin. a Foul, muddy. kaluṣita p Muddied.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaluṣa (कलुष).—a. [kal-uṣac Uṇādi-sūtra 4.75]

1) Turbid, dirty, muddy, foul; गङ्गारोधःपतनकलुषा गृह्णतीव प्रसादम् (gaṅgārodhaḥpatanakaluṣā gṛhṇatīva prasādam) V.1.9; Kirātārjunīya 8.32; Ghat.13;

2) Choked, hoarse, husky; कण्ठः स्तम्भितबाष्प- वृत्तिकलुषः (kaṇṭhaḥ stambhitabāṣpa- vṛttikaluṣaḥ) Ś.4.6.

3) Bedimmed; full of; Ś.6.9.

4) Angry, displeased, excited; Uttararāmacarita 3.13; भावावबोधकलुषा दयितेव रात्रौ (bhāvāvabodhakaluṣā dayiteva rātrau) R.5.64 (Malli. takes kaluṣa to mean 'unable', 'incompetent').

5) Wicked, sinful, bad.

6) Cruel, censurable; त्वां प्रत्यकस्मात्कलुषप्रवृत्तौ (tvāṃ pratyakasmātkaluṣapravṛttau) R.14.73.

7) Dark, opaque.

8) Idle, lazy.

9) Perverted; °भूतायां वुद्धौ (bhūtāyāṃ vuddhau) Pañcatantra (Bombay) 3.185; कालुष्यमुपयाति बुद्धिः (kāluṣyamupayāti buddhiḥ) &c.

-ṣaḥ A buffalo.

-ṣam 1 Dirt filth, mud; विगतकलुषमम्भः (vigatakaluṣamambhaḥ) Ṛtusaṃhāra 3.22.

2) Sin; कलुषेणाद्य महता मेदिनी परिमुच्यताम् (kaluṣeṇādya mahatā medinī parimucyatām) Rām.2.96.27.

3) Wrath.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kāluṣa (कालुष).—(°-), either = Sanskrit kāluṣya, turbidity, or perhaps error for kaluṣa, turbid: Gaṇḍavyūha 327.13 īrṣyā-mātsarya-māyā- śāṭhya-kāluṣāśayaḥ

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaluṣa (कलुष).—mfn.

(-ṣaḥ-ṣā-ṣaṃ) 1. Turbid, foul, muddy. 2. Wicked, bad. mf. (-ṣaḥ-ṣī) A buffalo. n.

(-ṣaṃ) 1. Sin. 2. Wrath. E. kal to go, &c. uṣan Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaluṣa (कलुष).— (cf. kalaṅka and kalmaṣa), I. adj., f. ṣā. 1. Turbid, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] [distich] 8. 2. Impure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 57. 3. Choked, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] [distich] 81. 4. Unable, [Raghuvaṃśa, (ed. Stenzler.)] 5, 64. Ii. n. 1. Dirt, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 3, 22. 2. Impurity, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 97, 27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaluṣa (कलुष).—[adjective] unclean, muddy, turbid (lit. & [figuratively]); [neuter] dirt, stain, blemish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaluṣa (कलुष):—mf(ā)n. (√3. kal, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 75]), turbid, foul, muddy, impure, dirty ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Manu-smṛti; Suśruta; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

2) hoarse (as the voice), [Śakuntalā]

3) (ifc.) unable, not equal to, [Raghuvaṃśa v, 64]

4) m. a buffalo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) a sort of snake, [Suśruta]

6) Kaluṣā (कलुषा):—[from kaluṣa] f. the female of a buffalo, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Kaluṣa (कलुष):—n. foulness, turbidness, dirt, impurity ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

8) sin, wrath, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaluṣa (कलुष):—(ṣaṃ) 1. n. Sin. a. Turbid, foul.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kaluṣa (कलुष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kalusa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kalusa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kaluṣa (कलुष) [Also spelled kalush]:—(nm) turbidity, impurity; sin; (a) turbid, impure; sinful, wicked.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Kalusa (कलुस) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kaluṣa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaluṣa (ಕಲುಷ):—

1) [adjective] muddy or cloudy from having the sediment stirred up.

2) [adjective] filled with anger; disturbed by a strong feeling; excited.

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Kaluṣa (ಕಲುಷ):—

1) [noun] sediment stirred up (in a liquid); dirt; any soiling matter.

2) [noun] any one of the emotions, as anger, hate, grief, disappointment.

3) [noun] a moral or religious blemish.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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