Paryavasthana, Paryavasthāna: 5 definitions

Introduction

Paryavasthana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Paryavasthana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान, “entanglements”).—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various the ten manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.

There are ten manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna):

  1. anger (krodha),
  2. hypocrisy (mrakṣa),
  3. lethargy (styāna),
  4. languor (middha),
  5. regret (kaukṛtya),
  6. agitation (auddhatya),
  7. shamelessness (āhrīkya),
  8. non-embarrassment (anapatrāpya),
  9. avarice (mātsarya),
  10. envy, (īrṣyā).

Moreover, because they fetter the mind, all the afflictions are called manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Paryavasthana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान).—

1) Opposition, resistance, obstruction.

2) Contradiction.

Derivable forms: paryavasthānam (पर्यवस्थानम्).

See also (synonyms): paryavasthā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान).—nt. (once m., Divyāvadāna 458.14; seems = Pali pariyuṭṭhāna in meaning 1, but see [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] paryutthāna), (1) (state of) possession (by vice or depravity; compare Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. v.1, n. 4, where it is shown that some schools equated this with kleśa and anuśaya): nānā-dṛṣṭy- anuśaya-°na-kleśa-praśamana-kuśalaḥ (of a Bodhisattva) Mahāvyutpatti 862 (= Tibetan kun nas dkris pa, complete wrapping up, ensnaring); °nam (erroneous var. paryupasth°) Mahāvyutpatti 2139 (Tibetan id.), follows upakleśa; -anuśaya-parya° Gaṇḍavyūha 387.4, see s.v. anuśaya; kāma-chanda-°na-duḥkhitānāṃ sattvā- nāṃ Bodhisattvabhūmi 145.8 f.; a longer list of vices in [compound] ending °na- duḥkhitānāṃ sattvānāṃ 10; -anuśayopakleśa-°nānām Bodhisattvabhūmi 202.20; kleśa-°nam anuśayo vā Bodhisattvabhūmi 388.8; raktānāṃ rāga-°naṃ vigacchati Bodhisattvabhūmi 76.3; tasyā yad rāga-°naṃ tad vigataṃ, dveṣa-°nam utpannam Divyāvadāna 520.9—10, possession by passion (desire) disappeared, and possession by loathing arose; niṣparyavasthāna-jñāna- Śikṣāsamuccaya 24.7, according to note in Transl. = Tibetan yoṅs su dkrigs pa (obscuration, instead of dkris pa, above, enwrapping), knowledge that is free from possession (by vice, impurity); (2) more particularly [compound] with krodha, possession by anger: krodha-°na Bodhisattvabhūmi 158.11 (Tibetan as in Mahāvyutpatti above); Divyāvadāna 186.9; Avadāna-śataka ii.128.4—5; °nena paryavasthitaḥ Bodhisattvabhūmi 149.17 (Tibetan as in Mahāvyutpatti above, for both noun and ppp.); compare krodha-paryavasthita, under next; (3) hence, more specifically, without expression of krodha, anger (compare, with a different implication, Eng. possessed, orig. sc. by an evil spirit): tena tīvreṇa °nena kharavākkarma niścāritaṃ Divyāvadāna 54.20 and, yadāsya °naṃ vigataṃ 23; tīvreṇa ca °nena śirasi mallakena prahāro dattaḥ Divyāvadāna 177.8; tīvreṇa °nena paryavasthitaḥ Divyāvadāna 185.29; tīvra-°na-paryavasthito 'yaṃ Śikṣāsamuccaya 58.10; °no vigataḥ (m.!) Divyāvadāna 458.14, his anger departed, tato vigata- °naḥ ([bahuvrīhi]) kathayati 15; °nam Divyāvadāna 521.2. Cf. next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान) or Paryyavasthāna.—n.

(-naṃ) Opposition, resistance, contradiction. E. pari against, ava being, sthāna standing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान):—[=pary-ava-sthāna] [from paryava-sthā] n. opposition, contradiction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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