Paryavasthana, Paryavasthāna, Pari-avasthana: 10 definitions


Paryavasthana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Paryavasthana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान, “entanglements”).—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various the ten manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.

There are ten manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna):

  1. anger (krodha),
  2. hypocrisy (mrakṣa),
  3. lethargy (styāna),
  4. languor (middha),
  5. regret (kaukṛtya),
  6. agitation (auddhatya),
  7. shamelessness (āhrīkya),
  8. non-embarrassment (anapatrāpya),
  9. avarice (mātsarya),
  10. envy, (īrṣyā).

Moreover, because they fetter the mind, all the afflictions are called manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna).

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान) refers to “being occupied (with particular views)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[Bringing all beings to maturity (sarvasatva-paripācana)] [...] Again he thinks: ‘what is called ‘living being’ is a misunderstanding. Because of being occupied (paryavasthāna) with the view of cause, ignorance, existence, thirst, and unreal mental constructions, it is called ‘living being’. However, the Bodhisattva still teaches the dharma to living beings in order to get rid of vices which originate from misunderstanding, and he does not forget substances. Since he is devoid of a living being, and detached from a living being, he brings living beings to maturity. Thus the Bodhisattva brings living beings to maturity by the original purity”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paryavasthana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान).—

1) Opposition, resistance, obstruction.

2) Contradiction.

Derivable forms: paryavasthānam (पर्यवस्थानम्).

See also (synonyms): paryavasthā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान).—nt. (once m., Divyāvadāna 458.14; seems = Pali pariyuṭṭhāna in meaning 1, but see [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] paryutthāna), (1) (state of) possession (by vice or depravity; compare Abhidharmakośa LaV-P. v.1, n. 4, where it is shown that some schools equated this with kleśa and anuśaya): nānā-dṛṣṭy- anuśaya-°na-kleśa-praśamana-kuśalaḥ (of a Bodhisattva) Mahāvyutpatti 862 (= Tibetan kun nas dkris pa, complete wrapping up, ensnaring); °nam (erroneous var. paryupasth°) Mahāvyutpatti 2139 (Tibetan id.), follows upakleśa; -anuśaya-parya° Gaṇḍavyūha 387.4, see s.v. anuśaya; kāma-chanda-°na-duḥkhitānāṃ sattvā- nāṃ Bodhisattvabhūmi 145.8 f.; a longer list of vices in [compound] ending °na- duḥkhitānāṃ sattvānāṃ 10; -anuśayopakleśa-°nānām Bodhisattvabhūmi 202.20; kleśa-°nam anuśayo vā Bodhisattvabhūmi 388.8; raktānāṃ rāga-°naṃ vigacchati Bodhisattvabhūmi 76.3; tasyā yad rāga-°naṃ tad vigataṃ, dveṣa-°nam utpannam Divyāvadāna 520.9—10, possession by passion (desire) disappeared, and possession by loathing arose; niṣparyavasthāna-jñāna- Śikṣāsamuccaya 24.7, according to note in Transl. = Tibetan yoṅs su dkrigs pa (obscuration, instead of dkris pa, above, enwrapping), knowledge that is free from possession (by vice, impurity); (2) more particularly [compound] with krodha, possession by anger: krodha-°na Bodhisattvabhūmi 158.11 (Tibetan as in Mahāvyutpatti above); Divyāvadāna 186.9; Avadāna-śataka ii.128.4—5; °nena paryavasthitaḥ Bodhisattvabhūmi 149.17 (Tibetan as in Mahāvyutpatti above, for both noun and ppp.); compare krodha-paryavasthita, under next; (3) hence, more specifically, without expression of krodha, anger (compare, with a different implication, Eng. possessed, orig. sc. by an evil spirit): tena tīvreṇa °nena kharavākkarma niścāritaṃ Divyāvadāna 54.20 and, yadāsya °naṃ vigataṃ 23; tīvreṇa ca °nena śirasi mallakena prahāro dattaḥ Divyāvadāna 177.8; tīvreṇa °nena paryavasthitaḥ Divyāvadāna 185.29; tīvra-°na-paryavasthito 'yaṃ Śikṣāsamuccaya 58.10; °no vigataḥ (m.!) Divyāvadāna 458.14, his anger departed, tato vigata- °naḥ ([bahuvrīhi]) kathayati 15; °nam Divyāvadāna 521.2. Cf. next.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान) or Paryyavasthāna.—n.

(-naṃ) Opposition, resistance, contradiction. E. pari against, ava being, sthāna standing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान):—[=pary-ava-sthāna] [from paryava-sthā] n. opposition, contradiction, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान):—[parya+vasthāna] (naṃ) 1. n. Opposition.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paryavasthāna (पर्यवस्थान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Payyavatthāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paryavasthana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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