Magna, Magnā: 17 definitions


Magna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Magn.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Magna (मग्न) refers to “that which sinks”, according to the Ghaṭikāyantraghaṭanāvidhi, an unpublished manuscript describing the ritual connected with the setting up of the water clock and its invocation.—Accordingly, “[...] Now he tells the fruit of the rotation of the bowl, starting from the east etc., and ending in the middle. According as the bowl rotates in cardinal directions from the east up to the middle of the basin, it causes respectively the good fortune of having the husband alive and devoted (saubhāgya), death, near death of the bride (vadhū-mṛtisama), the body full of diseases, the girl becomes the favourite [of all], resembles a courtesan, (?) virtuous, endowed wit h sons, wealth and relatives. Staying in the middle, [the bowl] grants noble [sons]. If the bowl becomes full (pūrṇā)[ and sinks] in the north, northeast, or in the east, it bestows auspiciousness; if it sinks (magnā) in the remaining directions, it is said to inflict widowhood on the girl”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Magna (मग्न) or Saṃmagna refers to “(becoming) engrossed (in meditation)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.24 (“Śiva consents to marry Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, after Śiva spoke to Viṣṇu and others: “[...] Śiva thought within Himself His own Soul, the form that is unsullied, free from distortions, aberrations and ailments, the form which is greater than the greatest, eternal, free from sense of possession, free from obsessions, beyond the ken of sounds and words, devoid of attributes and knowable through perfect wisdom. Thinking upon His own features thus in His meditation, the lord, the cause of great enjoyment and protection became engrossed [i.e., saṃ-magna] in supreme bliss. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Magna (मग्न) or Parimagna refers to the “immersion (of the nature of atoms in each other)”, according to Utpaladeva’s Vivṛti on Īśvarapratyabhijñākārikā 1.5.6.—Accordingly, “[...] To explain: a second atom that is connected with the atom considered as the first [one] must be one with this [first atom]; for if [these atoms] devoid of parts are in contact, how much [of them could] remain that might not be in contact? And [if they are thus entirely] in contact, their natures must be immersed in each other (anyonya-svarūpa-parimagna), therefore [they] can only be manifest as one [single] atom; [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Magna (मग्न) refers to the “(becoming) immersed” (in the space between the eyebrows, etc.), according to the according to the Amaraughaprabodha (6): a short 13th century treatise on Yoga attributed to Gorakṣanātha which teaches the fourfold system of yoga (Mantra, Laya, Haṭha and Rāja).—Accordingly, “That which causes the gains of the six acts [of magic] does not manifest through Mantra; the mind does not become immersed (magna) in the [space between] the eyebrows, [the tip of] the nose and so on, by some method †[like an insect]†; and the Yogins’ breath does not go into the base [of the spine] because of various practices, without the respected Rājayoga, which is an abode of splendour full of eternal bliss”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Magna (मग्न) refers to “(being) immersed (in the mud)” (of the cycle of rebirth), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Who has not been [your] relative? Which  living beings have not been your enemies, you who is mercilessly immersed in the mud of the miserable and unfathomable cycle of rebirth (paṅka-magnadurantāgādhasaṃsārapaṅkamagnasya)? Here [in the cycle of rebirth] a king becomes an insect and an insect becomes the chief of the gods. An embodied soul might wander about, tricked by [their] karma without being able to help it”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

magna (मग्न).—p (S) Drowned or sunken. 2 fig. Absorbed in; deeply engaged in; swallowed up by.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

magna (मग्न).—p Drowned. Fig. Absorbed in.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Magna (मग्न).—See मस्ज् (masj).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Magna (मग्न).—mfn.

(-gnaḥ-gnā-gnaṃ) 1. Plunged, dived, immersed. 2. Sunk, drowned. 3. Absorbed. E. masj to plunge into water, aff. kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Magna (मग्न).—[adjective] sunk, dived, immersed or penetrated into ([locative] or —°); went down, set (moon), fallen, ruined, decayed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Magna (मग्न):—a See √majj.

2) [from majj] b mfn. sunk, plunged, immersed in ([locative case] or [compound]), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] set (as the moon), [Rāmāyaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] sunk into misfortune, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) slipped into, lurking in [Raghuvaṃśa]

6) [v.s. ...] sunken, flat (as breasts or a nose), [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

7) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a mountain, [Buddhist literature]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Magna (मग्न):—[(gnaḥ-gnā-gnaṃ) a.] Plunged, immersed in, sunk, absorbed in.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Magna (मग्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āuḍḍia, Ṇiuḍḍa, Buḍḍa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Magna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Magna (मग्न) [Also spelled magn]:—(a) absorbed, engrossed; engaged, busy; immersed, drowned; glad, happy, delighted.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Magna (ಮಗ್ನ):—

1) [adjective] gone into; immersed; plunged; sunk.

2) [adjective] absorbed wholly in; occupied with; engrossed in.

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Magna (ಮಗ್ನ):—

1) [noun] a man who is plunged, sunk in or gone under the surface of.

2) [noun] a man who is absorbed, engrossed wholly in.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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