Kuntala, Kumtala: 24 definitions

Introduction:

Kuntala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: Elements of Hindu iconography

Kuntala (कुन्तल):—A mode of dressing hair.—The style known as kuntala is meant for the goddess Lakṣmī and also for the queens of emperors and adhirājas and narendras.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Kuntala (कुन्तल).—The King of the country Kuntala. Kuntala was a Kingdom in ancient South India. The King of the country was called Kuntala and the people were known as Kuntalas. (Sabhā Parva, and Bhīṣma Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kuntala (कुन्तल).—(Svātikarṇa) Āndhra king ruled for eight years.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 273. 8.

1b) —(c)—a kingdom of Madhya deśa; a southern country.*

  • * ^1 Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 41 and 59-60; 18. 44.

1c) A people of southern country;1 were enlisted by Jarāsandha against the Yadus.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 114. 35; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 110, 127; 47. 42.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [50 (V) 3].
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kuntala (कुन्तल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.31.11, VI.10.38, VI.10.64, VI.47.12) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kuntala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kuntala in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Kuntala (कुन्तल).—One of the various countries and cities mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—Kuntala had been located by Rājaśekhara in the Southern India and Sātavahanas are mentioned as the rulers of the country. Soḍḍhala says, in the Kuntala, there was a city called Pratiṣṭhāna on the hank of the river Godāvarī. Malayavāhana, the hero of the tale, is said to he the ruler of this country. The tract of the country between the two rivers Godāvarī and Kṛṣṇā is the country of the Kuntalas, said sometimes portions of Karṇāṭaka and Vidarhha are included in this country.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Kuntala (कुन्तल) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—In the Kāvyamīmāṃsā of Rājaśekhara locates Kuntala in the southern part of India, where Sātavāhanas are mentioned as the rulers of this region. The tract of this region between the two rivers Godāvarī and Kṛṣṇā. However, sometimes a portion of Karnataka as also of Vidarbha is included in this region.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Kuntala (कुन्तल) is the name of a country classified as both Hādi and Kādi (both types of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Kuntala] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kuntala (कुन्तल) is the name of an ancient kingdom, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as Vasupūjya and Jayā spoke to Vāsupūjya:—“All the existing kings, among men and the Vidyādharas, who are of good family, capable, heroic, wealthy, famous, possessing the fourfold army, known for guarding their subjects, free from blemish, faithful to engagements, always devoted to dharma, in Madhyadeśa, Vatsadeśa, [...] and other countries which are the ornaments of the eastern quarter; [... in the Kuntalas, ...] these now, son, beg us constantly through messengers, who are sent bearing valuable gifts, to give their daughters to you. [...]”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Kuntala (कुन्तल) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated to the south of the Vindhyas according to the Yādavaprakāśa. Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Kuntala as included within Dakṣiṇapatha is also mentioned by Rājaśekhara (fl. 10th century) in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā (chapter 17) who places Dakṣiṇapatha ahead of Māhiṣmatī.

Source: Shodhganga: Ajanta’s antiquity

Kuntala (r. 9-1 BCE) or Kuntala Śātakarṇi is a king from the Sātavāhana dynasty of ancient India. The Sātavāhana lineage (known as Andhra in the Purāṇas) once ruled much of the Deccan region and several of the Ajantā caves at West-Khandesh (West-Khaṇḍeśa, modern Jalgaon) were carved in the 3rd century BCE when the region was ruled by kings (e.g., Kuntala Śātakarṇi) and descendants of the Sātavāhana kings. Kuntala Śātakarṇi was preceded by Mṛgendra Śātakarṇi and succeeded by Śātakarṇi III.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kuntala.—(EI 24), ‘one who wields the spear’. Note: kuntala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kuntala in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kuntala : (m.) hair.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kuntala (कुन्तल).—

1) The hair of the head, a lock of hair; प्रतनुविरलैः प्रान्तोन्मीलन्मनोहरकुन्तलैः (pratanuviralaiḥ prāntonmīlanmanoharakuntalaiḥ) U.1.2. Ch. P.4,6; Gīt.2.

2) A drinking cup.

3) A plough.

4) Barley.

5) A kind of perfume.

-lāḥ (pl.) Name of a country and its inhabitants.

Derivable forms: kuntalaḥ (कुन्तलः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kuntala (कुन्तल).—nt. (in Sanskrit and Prakrit only m.), hair (of the head): Lalitavistara 49.20 (verse) kuntalānī (-ī m.c.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuntala (कुन्तल).—m.

(-laḥ) 1. Hair. 2. A drinking cup. 3. Barley. 4. A plough 5. The name of a country in the north-west of the peninsula. m. plu.

(-lāḥ) The people of the inhabitants of Kuntala. E. kunta a dart, and to bring or gain, ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuntala (कुन्तल).—m. 1. Hair, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 28, 30. 2. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 6, 347.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuntala (कुन्तल).—[masculine] the hair of the head; [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kuntala (कुन्तल):—[from kunta] m. (ifc. f(ā). , [Gīta-govinda ii, 15]) the hair of the head, lock of hair, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Sāhitya-darpaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a particular head-dress, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a drinking cup, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a plough, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] barley, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a kind of perfume (= hrīvera), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] (in music) a certain Dhruvaka

8) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata; Viṣṇu-purāṇa] etc.

9) [v.s. ...] m. a prince of that people, [Mahābhārata ii, 1270; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kuntala (कुन्तल):—(laḥ) 1. m. Hair; cup; barley; plough; a country.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kuntala (कुन्तल) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kuṃtala, Kuṃtalā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kuntala in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Kuṃtala (कुंतल) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Kuntala.

2) Kuṃtalā (कुंतला) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Kuntalā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kuṃṭala (ಕುಂಟಲ):—[adjective] not able to walk, move normally; limping.

--- OR ---

Kuṃṭaḷa (ಕುಂಟಳ):—[noun] a herb.

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Kuṃtala (ಕುಂತಲ):—

1) [noun] the hair growing on the head.

2) [noun] a particular mode of hair-dressing.

3) [noun] name of a country, corresponding to the northern part of the present Karnāṭaka.

4) [noun] (mus.) a mode, in Karnāṭaka system, derived from the main mode Kāntāmaṇi.

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Kuṃtaḷa (ಕುಂತಳ):—[noun] = ಕುಂತಲ [kumtala].

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Kuṃtaḷa (ಕುಂತಳ):—[noun] the plant Ouratia angustifolia of Ochnaceae family:.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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