Kunta: 16 definitions

Introduction

Kunta means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Inner Circle IV

The spear (kunta) of Murugand represents the focussed mind directed at the goal to be obtained or the enemy to be slain in the form of self-referent desire (kāma), anger (krodha), delusion (moha), arrogance or feeling of superiority (mada), niggardliness (lobha), and malicious envy (mātsarya).

Source: Red Zambala: Hindu Icons and Symbols | Introduction

Kunta (Spear) - One-pointedness of concentration applied during meditation aimed at the goal of perfection. Focussed attention at eliminating the inner demons of delusion, anger, greed etc.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Dhanurveda (science of warfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dhanurveda

Kunta (कुन्त) refers to a weapon (“spear”). It is a Sanskrit word defined in the Dhanurveda-saṃhitā, which contains a list of no less than 117 weapons. The Dhanurveda-saṃhitā is said to have been composed by the sage Vasiṣṭha, who in turn transmitted it trough a tradition of sages, which can eventually be traced to Śiva and Brahmā.

Dhanurveda book cover
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Dhanurveda (धनुर्वेद) refers to the “knowledge of warfare” and, as an upaveda, is associated with the Ṛgveda. It contains instructions on warfare, archery and ancient Indian martial arts, dating back to the 2nd-3rd millennium BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kunta (कुन्त) refers to the “javelin”, a weapon which should measure should measure ten tālas (unit of measurement), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 23. In dramatic plays, weapons such as bhiṇḍi should be made by experts using proper measurements and given to persons engaged in a fight, angry conflict or siege. It forms a component of āhāryābhinaya (extraneous representation).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A throne (for an image) which was originally in the Pacina vihara of the Theravadins, and was later set up beside the Bodhi tree of the Abhayagiri vihara by Silakala (Cv.xli.31).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Kunta (कुन्त) refers to a type of lance and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Heruka: one of the main deities of the Herukamaṇḍala described in the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Heruka is positioned in the Lotus (padma) at the center; He is the origin of all heroes; He has 17 faces (with three eyes on each) and 76 arms [holding, for example, kunta]; He is half black and half green in color; He is dancing on a flaming sun placed on Bhairava and Kālarātrī.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Kunta (कुन्त) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Kunta] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Kunta.—(Chamba), name of a tax. Note: kunta is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Kuṇṭa.—(EI 21), a land measure; cf. guṇṭha. Note: kuṇṭa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kunta : (m.) 1. sceptre lance; 2. a kind of bird.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kunta, (cp. Sk. kunta lance?) a kind of bird, otherwise called adāsa J. IV, 466. (Page 221)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kunta (कुन्त).—

1) A lance, a barbed dart, spear; कुन्ताः प्रविशन्ति (kuntāḥ praviśanti) K. P.2. (i. e. kuntadhāriṇaḥ puruṣāḥ); विरहिनिकृन्तनकुन्तमुखाकृ- तिकेतकिदन्तुरिताशे (virahinikṛntanakuntamukhākṛ- tiketakidanturitāśe) Gīt.1. Mb.6.96.57.

2) A small animal, an insect.

3) A kind of grain.

4) Passion.

Derivable forms: kuntaḥ (कुन्तः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kunta (कुन्त).—(1) m. (Sanskrit Lex.; see kunta-pipīlikā), a small insect (ant ?): Mahāvyutpatti 4851 °taḥ = Tibetan srin bu phre-ḥu, small insect; followed by 4852 pipīlikā; (2) nt., tax, tri- bute: Mahāvyutpatti 7301 °tam = Tibetan dpya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kunta (कुन्त).—mf. (-ntaḥ-ntī) 1. A bearded dart, a lance. m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. A species of grain, (Coix barbata, Rox.) 2. A small animal, an insect. 3. Passionateness. f. (-ntiḥ or -ntī) 1. A wife af Pandu, and mother of the three elder Pandava princes, by as many gods. 2. The gum olibanum tree, (Boswelia thurifera.) 3. Beellium, a fragrant resin. 4. The wife of a Brahman. E. ku bad, and anta end, destroying ill, enemies, &c. or ka the head, and unda to give pain, ta substituted for da fem. affix in or ṅīṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kunta (कुन्त):—m. a spear, lance (cf. [Latin] contus; [Greek] κοντός), [Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) a small animal, insect, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) a species of grain (Coix barbata), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) passion, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) the god of love, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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