Shakuntala, aka: Śakuntalā, Śākuntala; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Shakuntala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śakuntalā and Śākuntala can be transliterated into English as Sakuntala or Shakuntala, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Shakuntala in Kavya glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śakuntalā (शकुन्तला).—The story of Śakuntalā in the dramaby Kālidāsa is as follows. Śakuntalā, a foster daughter of sage Kaṇva is brought up in an āśrama, monastery. Śakuntalā sees King Duṣyanta for the first time, while she is watering the plants and it is love at first sight for her. But the austere rules of the āśrama are not in favour of her meeting with her dearly loved king all the time. As a result, she is afflicted by pangs of love.

Source: Archaeological Survey of India: Śaiva monuments at Paṭṭadakal (kāvya)
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Shakuntala in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śakuntalā (शकुन्तला):—Daughter of Viśvāmitra and Menakā. King Duṣmanta married her and they had a son called Bharata.. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.20.13)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Śakuntalā (शकुन्तला).—Foster-daughter of sage Kaṇva.

Birth. Śakuntalā was a daughter born to Viśvāmitra of the Apsarā woman called Menakā. Viśvāmitra was engaged in intense tapas on the banks of river Mālinī in the Himālayas. Indra deputed Menakā to break the maharṣi’s tapas. She enticed him away from his tapas and got pregnant by him. But she forsook the child on the banks of Mālinī and returned to Devaloka. (See full article at Story of Śakuntalā from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Śakuntalā (शकुन्तला).—The daughter of Viśvāmitra and Menakā; was brought up in Kaṇva's āśrama with nīvāra food; Duṣyanta who came there was entertained and was accepted as her Lord by Gāndharva vidhi. Gave birth to the future Bharata and came to the king's palace with the child; was refused admission by the king who had forgotten her. A voice in the air urged the king to accept her and he did so;1 a queen of Duṣyanta and mother of Bharata.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 20. 8-22 [1-2]; Matsya-purāṇa 49. 11; Cā. 99. 134.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 12-13.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śakuntalā (शकुन्तला) refers to the name of a Lady mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.30). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śakuntalā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śākuntala is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.89.16) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Shakuntala in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śakuntalā (शकुन्तला) is the name of an Apsaras who bore Bharata, according to the Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa (xiii, 5, 4, 13), at Nāḍapit.

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Shakuntala was the daughter of Menaka, the Apsara. Her father was the great sage Vishwamitra. When her immortal mother returned to her heavenly abode, she was entrusted to the sage Kanva, who adopted her as his daughter.

Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Shakuntalā (शकुन्‍तला): Shakuntala was mother of Emperor Bharata and the wife of Dushyanta. Shakuntala was born of Vishvamitra and Menaka.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Shakuntala in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Śakuntalā (शकुन्तला).—[śakuntaiḥ lāyate lā ghañarthe ka] Name of the daughter of Viśvāmitra by the nymph Menakā who was sent down by Indra to disturb the sage's austerities. [When Menakā went up to the heaven she left the child in a solitary forest where she was taken care of by 'Śakuntas' or birds, whence she was called "Śakuntalā". She was afterwards found by the sage Kaṇva and brought up as his own daughter. When Duṣyanta in the course of his hunting came to the sage's hermitage, he was fascinated by her charms and prevailed on her to become his wife by the Gandharva form of marriage; (see Duṣyanta). She bore to him a son named Bharata, who became a universal monarch, and gave his name to India which came to be called Bharatavarsa.]

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Śākuntala (शाकुन्तल).—A metronymic of Bharata (son of Śakuntalā).

-lam The drama called अभिज्ञान शकुन्तला (abhijñāna śakuntalā) of Kālidāsa.

Derivable forms: śākuntalaḥ (शाकुन्तलः).

See also (synonyms): śākuntaleya.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 53 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Bharata
Bharata is the name of a deity depicted at Ramaswamy Temple in Kumbakonam (Kumbhakonam), repres...
Menaka
Menakā (मेनका).—f. (-kā) 1. One of the courtezans of Swarga. 2. Name of the wife of Himalaya. E...
Kalidasa
Kālidāsa (कालिदास).—m. (-saḥ) The name of a celebrated poet, author of Sakuntala, Vikramorvasi,...
Dushyanta
1) Duṣyanta (दुष्यन्त).—A reputed King of the Lunar dynasty. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu ...
Kaṇva
1) Kaṇva (कण्व).—(KĀŚYAPA). General information. Kaṇva attained Purāṇic fame as the father who ...
Malini
Mālinī (मालिनी) possibly corresponds to the ancient name for Campā: the capital of Aṅga: one of...
Gandharva
1) Gandharva (गन्धर्व).—Gandharvas are sons born to the famous Kaśyapaprajāpati of his wife, Ar...
Hastinapura
Hastināpura (हस्तिनापुर).—n. (-raṃ) Ancient Delhi, the capital of Yudhisht'Hira and his brethre...
Vibhava
Vibhava (विभव).—m. (-vaḥ) 1. Substance, thing, property, wealth. 2. Emancipation from existence...
Abhijnanashakuntalam
Abhijñānaśākuntalam (अभिज्ञान शाकुन्तलम्), is a well-known Sanskrit play by Kālidāsa, dramat...
Vishvamitra
Viśvāmitra (विश्वामित्र).—m. (-traḥ) A Muni, the son of Gad'Hi, originally of the military orde...
Ajamidha
Ajamīḍha (अजमीढ).—m. (ḍhaḥ) A name of Yudhisht'Hira; the friend of Aja, i. e. E. aja Vishnu or ...
Vrisha
Vṛṣā (वृषा) is another name for Ākhukarṇī, a medicinal plant identified with Ipomoea reniformis...
Shakuntaleya
Śākuntaleya (शाकुन्तलेय).—m. (-yaḥ) Bharata, the sovereign of India. E. śakuntalā the nymph, an...
Suryakanta
Sūryakānta (सूर्यकान्त) refers to one of the two types of Sphaṭika (“crystal”), representing a ...

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