Adhomukha, aka: Adhas-mukha; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Adhomukha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Adhomukha (अधोमुख) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) , or “movements made with the arms (bāhu)”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 9. These movements form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) One of the Nine Movements of the Head. Adhomukha (face inclined): the head is bent. Usage: modesty, sorrow, bowing, regarding anything vile, fainting, things on the ground, bathing.

2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Adhomukha: the head is bent. Usage: modesty, sorrow, bowing.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
context information

Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).

Purāṇa

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—See adhaśśiras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 163.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Pali

adhomukha : (adj.) bent over; with face cast down; turned upside down.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

adhōmukha (अधोमुख).—a (S) adhōvadana a (S adhaḥ Down, & mukha & vadana Face.) With the face downwards. 2 fig. Dejected, downcast: also abashed, disconcerted, crest-fallen &c. Ex. paramalajjita adhōvadana || laṅkēsi ālā rāvaṇa ||

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhōmukha (अधोमुख) [-vadana, -वदन].—a With the face downwards, dejected, downcast.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—a. having the face downwards; °खी तिष्ठति (khī tiṣṭhati); °खैः पत्रिभिः (khaiḥ patribhiḥ) R.3.37.

2) head-long, precipitate, flying downwards.

3) upside down, topsyturvy.

-khaḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

-khā, -khī Name of a plant गोजिह्वा (gojihvā).

-kham (nakṣatram)

Adhomukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhas and mukha (मुख). See also (synonyms): adhovadana.

--- OR ---

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—(n.) Name of a hell.

Adhomukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhas and mukha (मुख).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Relevant definitions

Search found 422 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Mukha
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Sucimukha
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Kartarimukha
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Śrīmukha (श्रीमुख) or Śrīmukhāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the ...
Ashvamukha
Aśvamukha (अश्वमुख).—a. [aśvasya mukhamiva mukhamasya] having the head or face of a horse. -kha...
Antarmukha
Antarmukha (अन्तर्मुख).—a. -khī f.) Antarmukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a...
Adho
Adho (“nadir”) represents one of the “two directions above and below” (paṭidisā in Pali), ...
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aḍhā (अढा).—m A turn with a rope. A curl, doubling.--- OR --- āḍhā (आढा).—See under अ.
Vadavamukha
Vaḍavāmukha (वडवामुख) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Ra...
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