Adhomukha, Adhomukhā, Adhas-mukha: 14 definitions

Introduction

Adhomukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Adhomukha (अधोमुख) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) , or “movements made with the arms (bāhu)”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 9. These movements form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

1) One of the Nine Movements of the Head. Adhomukha (face inclined): the head is bent. Usage: modesty, sorrow, bowing, regarding anything vile, fainting, things on the ground, bathing.

2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Adhomukha: the head is bent. Usage: modesty, sorrow, bowing.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhomukha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—See adhaśśiras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 163.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Adhomukha (अधोमुख) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.94) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Adhomukha) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhomukha in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Adhomukhā (अधोमुखा) is another name for Gojihvā, a medicinal plant identified with Onosma bracteatum Wall. (“true indigo”) from the Boraginaceae or “borage” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.86-87 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Together with the names Adhomukhā and Gojihvā, there are a total of seven Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhomukha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

adhomukha : (adj.) bent over; with face cast down; turned upside down.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Adhomukha refers to: head forward, face downward, bent over, upturned Vin.II, 78; M.I, 132, 234: Vv 161 (= heṭṭhā mukha VvA.78).

Note: adhomukha is a Pali compound consisting of the words adho and mukha.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhomukha in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhōmukha (अधोमुख).—a (S) adhōvadana a (S adhaḥ Down, & mukha & vadana Face.) With the face downwards. 2 fig. Dejected, downcast: also abashed, disconcerted, crest-fallen &c. Ex. paramalajjita adhōvadana || laṅkēsi ālā rāvaṇa ||

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhōmukha (अधोमुख) [-vadana, -वदन].—a With the face downwards, dejected, downcast.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhomukha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—a. having the face downwards; °खी तिष्ठति (khī tiṣṭhati); °खैः पत्रिभिः (khaiḥ patribhiḥ) R.3.37.

2) head-long, precipitate, flying downwards.

3) upside down, topsyturvy.

-khaḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

-khā, -khī Name of a plant गोजिह्वा (gojihvā).

-kham (nakṣatram)

Adhomukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhas and mukha (मुख). See also (synonyms): adhovadana.

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Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—(n.) Name of a hell.

Adhomukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhas and mukha (मुख).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—mfn.

(-kha-khā-khī-khaṃ) 1. Down-looked, looking downwards. 2. Inverted, turned upside down. 3. Headlong. f.

(-khā) A plant, (Premna esculenta.) E. adhas, and mukha the face.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—adj., f. khī. 1. looking downwards, [Pañcatantra] 84, 7. 2. turned downwards, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 26, 20.

Adhomukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhas and mukha (मुख).

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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