Adhomukha, aka: Adhas-mukha; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Adhomukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Adhomukha in Natyashastra glossaries]

Adhomukha (अधोमुख) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) , or “movements made with the arms (bāhu)”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 9. These movements form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) One of the Nine Movements of the Head. Adhomukha (face inclined): the head is bent. Usage: modesty, sorrow, bowing, regarding anything vile, fainting, things on the ground, bathing.

2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Adhomukha: the head is bent. Usage: modesty, sorrow, bowing.

(Source): archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

[Adhomukha in Purana glossaries]

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—See adhaśśiras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 163.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Adhomukha in Pali glossaries]

adhomukha : (adj.) bent over; with face cast down; turned upside down.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Adhomukha in Marathi glossaries]

adhōmukha (अधोमुख).—a (S) adhōvadana a (S adhaḥ Down, & mukha & vadana Face.) With the face downwards. 2 fig. Dejected, downcast: also abashed, disconcerted, crest-fallen &c. Ex. paramalajjita adhōvadana || laṅkēsi ālā rāvaṇa ||

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhōmukha (अधोमुख) [-vadana, -वदन].—a With the face downwards, dejected, downcast.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Adhomukha in Sanskrit glossaries]

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—a. having the face downwards; °खी तिष्ठति (khī tiṣṭhati); °खैः पत्रिभिः (khaiḥ patribhiḥ) R.3.37.

2) head-long, precipitate, flying downwards.

3) upside down, topsyturvy.

-khaḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

-khā, -khī Name of a plant गोजिह्वा (gojihvā).

-kham (nakṣatram)

Adhomukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhas and mukha (मुख). See also (synonyms): adhovadana.

--- OR ---

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—(n.) Name of a hell.

Adhomukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhas and mukha (मुख).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 541 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sumukha
1) Sumukha (सुमुख).—A nāga, son of Kaśyapa Prajāpati by his wife Kadrū. Sumukha was the grandso...
Mukha
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Sucimukha
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Durmukha
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Gomukha
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Caturmukha
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Kalamukha
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Kartarimukha
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Shrimukha
Śrīmukha (श्रीमुख) or Śrīmukhāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scriptures) of the ...
Adha
Adha (अध) or Adhā (अधा).—ind. Ved. Used like अथ (atha) as an inceptive particle in the sense of...
Valimukha
Valīmukha (वलीमुख) is the name of a monkey-king, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 63....
Ashvamukha
Aśvamukha (अश्वमुख).—a. [aśvasya mukhamiva mukhamasya] having the head or face of a horse. -kha...
Ajamukha
Ajamukha (अजमुख).—(Ajavaktra) He was one of the soldiers in Skanda’s army. (Mahābhārata, Śalya ...
Mukharaga
Mukharāga (मुखराग).—the colour or complexion of the face; ददृशुर्विस्मितास्तस्य मुखरागं समं जना...
Nandimukha
Nāndīmukha (नान्दीमुख).—a. (the class of manes or deceased ancestors) to whom the नान्दीमुख- श्...

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