Adhomukha, aka: Adhas-mukha; 9 Definition(s)


Adhomukha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Adhomukha (अधोमुख) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) , or “movements made with the arms (bāhu)”, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 9. These movements form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) One of the Nine Movements of the Head. Adhomukha (face inclined): the head is bent. Usage: modesty, sorrow, bowing, regarding anything vile, fainting, things on the ground, bathing.

2) One of the Twenty-four Heads. Adhomukha: the head is bent. Usage: modesty, sorrow, bowing.

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Adhomukha in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—See adhaśśiras.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 2. 163.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Adhomukha in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

adhomukha : (adj.) bent over; with face cast down; turned upside down.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Adhomukha in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

adhōmukha (अधोमुख).—a (S) adhōvadana a (S adhaḥ Down, & mukha & vadana Face.) With the face downwards. 2 fig. Dejected, downcast: also abashed, disconcerted, crest-fallen &c. Ex. paramalajjita adhōvadana || laṅkēsi ālā rāvaṇa ||

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhōmukha (अधोमुख) [-vadana, -वदन].—a With the face downwards, dejected, downcast.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhomukha in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—a. having the face downwards; °खी तिष्ठति (khī tiṣṭhati); °खैः पत्रिभिः (khaiḥ patribhiḥ) R.3.37.

2) head-long, precipitate, flying downwards.

3) upside down, topsyturvy.

-khaḥ Name of Viṣṇu.

-khā, -khī Name of a plant गोजिह्वा (gojihvā).

-kham (nakṣatram)

Adhomukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhas and mukha (मुख). See also (synonyms): adhovadana.

--- OR ---

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—(n.) Name of a hell.

Adhomukha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms adhas and mukha (मुख).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhomukha (अधोमुख).—mfn.

(-kha-khā-khī-khaṃ) 1. Down-looked, looking downwards. 2. Inverted, turned upside down. 3. Headlong. f.

(-khā) A plant, (Premna esculenta.) E. adhas, and mukha the face.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 642 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sumukha (सुमुख).—mfn. (-khaḥ-khā or -khī-khaṃ) 1. Pleasing, agreeable. 2. Lovely, handsome-face...
Mukha (“face”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy c...
Durmukha (दुर्मुख).—mfn. (-khaḥ-khā-khī-khaṃ) 1. Scurrilous, foul-mouthed. 2. Hideous ugly. m. ...
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Kālamukha (कालमुख).—A hybrid race born from the union of men and Rākṣasas. Sahadeva defeated th...
Kartarīmukha (कर्तरीमुख) or Kartarīmukhahasta refers to “scissors-like” and represents one of t...
Nāndīmukha (नान्दीमुख).—m. (-khaḥ) 1. The lid or cover of a well. 2. The class of male progenit...
Adhobhāga (अधोभाग).—m. (gaḥ) The bottom, the lowest part. E. adhas, and bhāga part.
Agnimukha (अग्निमुख).—n. of a nāga: Divy 119.26; 122.27.
Antarmukha (अन्तर्मुख).—adj. (pendant to Sanskrit bahirmukha), turned towards (loc.): antarmukh...
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