Ketaka: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ketaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Ketaka (केतक) is the name of a plant, whose flowers (kusuma) should not used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] excepting the Campaka and the Ketaka there is no flower (kusuma) which does not appeal to Śiva. All other flowers can be used for worshipping Him”.

2) Ketaka (केतक) is mentioned as one of the various flowers conjured by Vasanta (spring) in an attempt to charm Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.9. Accordingly as Kāma related to Brahmā:—“[...] Spring (Vasanta) too did the needful in enchanting Him. O, listen to it, O fortunate Being. I tell you the truth, the truth alone. He caused the various kinds of flowers to bloom in the place where Śiva was stationed—flowers such as Campakas, Keśaras, Punnāgas, Ketakas, Mallikās, Kurabakas etc. etc.”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Ketaka (केतक) (distinguished by the city Śvetambī) refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., ½ of the Ketaka), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Śvetambī) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Mandala Texts: Trübap: The 'Descent of Blessed Water' Festival

Ketaka (ཀེ་ཏ་ཀ་) refers to a type of gemstone.—The Bhutanese astrologers, like other Himalayan astrologers, explain that the star Rishi is formed from crystal (ཆུ་ཤེལ་) and ketaka (ཀེ་ཏ་ཀ་) gemstone which has the power to purify water. Thus, it is called the medicinal star. The rays emitting from the star is said to have the power to cleanse the impurities of water and disinfect the water of any pathogen and toxicity. Water touched by the light of Rishi is considered to be endowed with healing power and to posses the eight qualities of being a cool, clear, clean, light, sweet, soothing and harmless to the throat and stomach.

In the sacred mountains around Mt Meru, the gods, divinities and saints of yore are said to have created a statue of Buddha Vairocana with the numerous precious stones. The crown of the Buddha Vairocana is said to have been made of the same materials of crystal and ketaka gem which form the star Rishi. When the star Rishi shines above the Buddha for a week, drops of divine nectar are said to dribble down due to the prayers of the gods, divinities and saints of the past. These drops of celestial nectar then imbue the streams and rivers of the world with healing power and blessings. Thus, people drink and bath in the waters during the week.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ketaka, (etym. uncertain) N. of a flower J. IV, 482. (Page 225)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kētaka (केतक).—n (S) The flower of Pandanus odoratissimus. 2 Applied also to a single petal plucked off. 3 or kētakapāna n A golden ornament for the hair (of women).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kētaka (केतक).—n The flower of Pandanus odora- tissimus. kētaka or kētakapāna n A golden ornament.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ketaka (केतक).—[kit nivāse ṇvul]

1) Name of a plant; प्रतिभान्त्यद्य वनानि केतकानाम् (pratibhāntyadya vanāni ketakānām) Ghaṭ.15.

2) A banner.

-kam A flower of the Ketaka plant; केतकैः सूचिभिन्नैः (ketakaiḥ sūcibhinnaiḥ) Me.23; R.6.17; 13.16.

-kī 1 Name of a plant (= ketaka); हसितमिव विधत्ते सूचिभिः केतकीनाम् (hasitamiva vidhatte sūcibhiḥ ketakīnām) Ṛs.2.23.

2) A flower of that plant; मालाः कदम्बनवकेसरकेतकीभिरायोजिताः शिरसि बिभ्रति योषितोऽद्य (mālāḥ kadambanavakesaraketakībhirāyojitāḥ śirasi bibhrati yoṣito'dya) Ṛs.2.2.

Derivable forms: ketakaḥ (केतकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ketaka (केतक).—pl., name of a people or region: Mahā-Māyūrī 96.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ketaka (केतक).—mf. (-kaḥ-kī) A fragrant plant, (Pandanus odoratissimus.) E. kiti to abide, ṇvul aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ketaka (केतक).—[keta + ka], m. The name of a tree, Pandanus odoratissimus, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 94, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ketaka (केतक).—[masculine] (ki &) [feminine] [Name] of a tree.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ketaka (केतक):—m. the tree Pandanus odoratissimus, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ketaka (केतक):—[(kaḥ-kī)] 1. m. 3. f. A plant (Pandanus odoratissimus).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Ketaka (केतक):—m. Name eines Baumes, Pandanus odoratissimus, [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 4, 38.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1152.] [Mahābhārata 3, 11572. 13, 635. 2829.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 94, 6. 3, 39, 12. 79, 36. 4, 41, 27.] [Suśruta 2, 454, 17.] [Meghadūta 3. 24.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 17. 13, 16.] [Rājataraṅgiṇī 4, 113.] [Ghaṭakarpara 15.] Auch ketakī f. [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 5, 35.] [Gītagovinda 1, 35.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati 6, 8.] [Sāhityadarpana 74, 10.] Eine von den Lexicographen nicht erwähnte Form ketaki erscheint, durch das Metrum gesichert [Suśruta 1, 22, 19.] [Bhartṛhari 1, 44.] [Gītagovinda 1, 31.] ketakīnām [Ṛtusaṃhāra 2, 21. 24] kann auf ketakī und ketaki zurückgeführt werden.

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Ketaka (केतक):—, ketakī f. warum die Blüthen dieses Baumes beim Śiva-Cultus nicht gebraucht werden [Oxforder Handschriften 63,b,41. fgg.] — Vgl. tṛṇaketakī .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Ketaka (केतक):—m. , ketaki (metrisch) und ketakī f. Pandanus odoratissimus.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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