Ketana: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ketana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ketana (केतन).—A charioteer of Viśukra, killed by Śyāmalā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 28. 104.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: Kakati Ganapatideva and his times

Ketana is the name of a Telugu poet active during the reign of  Gaṇapatideva-mahārāja (r. 1199-1262 A.D.) The political unity, the economic prosperity and growth of Telugu literature created and promoted national consciousness among the Āndhras which found its echos in the literary compositions of this period.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ketana, sign etc., see saṃ°. (Page 225)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kētana (केतन).—n S A standard.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kētana (केतन).—n A standard.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ketana (केतन).—[kit-lyuṭ]

1) A house, an abode; अकलितमहिमानः केतनं मङ्गलानाम् (akalitamahimānaḥ ketanaṃ maṅgalānām) Māl.2.9; मम मरणमेव वरमतिवितथके- तना (mama maraṇameva varamativitathake- tanā) Gīt.7.

2) An invitation, summons; Mb.13.23.12- 16.

3) Place, site; सौवर्णभित्ति संकेतकेतनं संपदामिव (sauvarṇabhitti saṃketaketanaṃ saṃpadāmiva) Ks.26.44.

4) A flag, banner; भग्नं भीमेन मरुता भवतो रथकेतनम् (bhagnaṃ bhīmena marutā bhavato rathaketanam) Ve.2. 23; Śi.14.28; R.9.39.

5) A sign, symbol; as in मकरकेतन (makaraketana).

6) An indispensable act (also religious); निवापाञ्जलिदानेन केतनैः श्राद्धकर्मभिः । तस्योपकारे शक्तस्त्वं किं जीवन् किमुतान्यथा (nivāpāñjalidānena ketanaiḥ śrāddhakarmabhiḥ | tasyopakāre śaktastvaṃ kiṃ jīvan kimutānyathā) Ve.3.16.

7) A spot, mark.

8) The body; तस्यां तु वानरो दिव्यः सिंहशार्दूलकेतनः (tasyāṃ tu vānaro divyaḥ siṃhaśārdūlaketanaḥ) Mb.1.225.15; Bhāg. 4.24.68; Gīt.7.5.

Derivable forms: ketanam (केतनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ketana (केतन).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A flag, a banner. 2. Business, indispensable act. 3. Invitation. 4. A spot or mark, a sign, a symbol. 5. A house, an abode. 6. Place, site, situation. &c. E. kit to abide, affix lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ketana (केतन).—i. e. kit + ana, n. 1. Invitation, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 110. 2. An abode, Mahābhārata 3, 13396. 3. A place, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 26, 44. 4. A sign, Mahābhārata 14, 2430.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ketana (केतन).—[neuter] desire, intention, summons, invitation; abode, place of refuge; flag, banner.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ketana (केतन):—[from keta] a n. a summons, invitation, [Manu-smṛti iv, 110; Mahābhārata; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a house, abode, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] ‘abode of the soul’, the body, [Gīta-govinda vii, 5] (ifc. f(ā). )

4) [v.s. ...] place, site, [Kathāsaritsāgara xxvi, 44]

5) [v.s. ...] sign, mark, symbol (of a deity), ensign (of a warrior), flag or banner (e [gana] vānara-k, ‘one who has a monkey as his ensign or arms’ [Mahābhārata]; See also makara-k, etc.), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa ix, 38]

6) [v.s. ...] business, indispensable act, [Mālatīmādhava]

7) b taya, etc. See keta.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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