Kati, Kaṭi, Kaṭī, Kāti: 25 definitions

Introduction:

Kati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kaṭi (कटि) refers to “waist”, “hip” or “buttocks”. It is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

There are five different kinds of “movements of the waist (kaṭi)” defined:

  1. chinnā (turned aside),
  2. nivṛttā (turned round),
  3. recitā (moved about),
  4. prakampitā / kampitā (shaken),
  5. udvāhitā (raised)
Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Kaṭi (कटि, “waist”) refers to the “two sides of the waist” representing one of the seven “major limbs” (aṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Aṅgas or major limbs include the head, hands, chest, sides, waist (viz., Kaṭi), and feet; at times the neck is also used as a separate limb.

Kaṭi refers to the “movements of the hip”.—In Bharatanatyam, according to Abhinayadarpaṇa, there are no descriptions of the movements of the hip and the waist. However, in Nāṭyaśāstra, there are five movements each of the sides and the hip.

The movements of the hip (kaṭi) are:—

  1. chinna (turned aside),
  2. nivṛtta (turned up),
  3. recita (moved about),
  4. kaṃpita (shivering),
  5. udvāhita (lifted up).
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Kaṭi (कटि) or Kaṭihasta refers to “hip” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., kaṭi-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kaṭi (कटि):—[kaṭiḥ/kaṭī] (1) Loins, lumbus. (2) Pelvis. (3) Waist |

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram (shaivism)

Kaṭi (कटि) refers to the “hips”, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult. Accordingly, “O goddess, Svacchanda is in the middle, within the abode of the triangle. Very powerful, he has five faces with three times five flaming eyes. [...] He sits on a great lotus and is adorned with a belt on his hips [i.e., kaṭi-mekhala-maṇḍita]. He is adorned with small bells and a garland of gems. There are anklets on his feet and they are well adorned with necklaces of pearls. He sits on Ananta as a seat and is like heated gold. On Ananta’s seat are seventy billion mantras. He is beautiful, divine, (white) like the stars, snow and the moon.]. [...]”.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Kaṭi (कटि) refers to the “hips”, according to the Guhyasūtra chapter 9.—Accordingly, “[...] [The Lord spoke]:—[...] On one half, there should be a forehead mark; on one half a [forehead] eye. A ring [should be] in one ear; a [pendant] ear-ornament in one ear. He should put a trident in his right hand and a breast on his left side, a girdle on the left half, a bangle on the left arm, a woman’s anklet on the left leg, a man’s anklet on the right leg and a muñja-grass belt. At the hips (kaṭi), he should put a loin-cloth on the right and wear a woman’s garment on the left.”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kaṭi (कटि) refers to the “buttock”, according to the Jayadrathayāmala verse 2.26.23cd-30ab.—Accordingly, “Now I will tell (you) the supreme teaching concerning Carcikā by just knowing which one attains every accomplishment. One should visualize (Carcikā) as very thin (and old), her face brilliant and frightening with her fierce gaze. She is (dark) like black lightning and is engaged in devouring the triple world. She has one face and three eyes and two arms and is adorned with a corpse. She is mounted on a buffalo and leather made of human skin is (under her) buttock (naracarman-kaṭi-sthalā). (Her) garland is made of human entrails and (she is) adorned with snakes”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Kaṭi (कटि, “hip”) refers to the “two hips”, from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his two hips (kaṭi).

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Vernacular architecture of Assam with special reference to Brahmaputra Valley

Kati is an Assamese term referring to “An Assamese vernacular month”.—It appears in the study dealing with the vernacular architecture (local building construction) of Assam whose rich tradition is backed by the numerous communities and traditional cultures.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kati : (interr. particle) how many. || kaṭi (f.), the hip; waist.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kaṭi, (Sk. kaṭi, *(s)qǔel; orig. bending, curvature, cp. Gr. skέlos hip, Lat. scelus crooked deed, Ger. scheel squint) hip, waist Vin. III, 22, 112; Nd2 659; J. IV, 32; Miln. 418. In cpds. also kaṭa (q. v.). —thālaka a cert. bone on the small of the back J. VI, 509. —padesa the buttocks J. III, 37. —pamāṇa (adj.) as far as the waist J. VI, 593. —pariyosāna the end of the hips, the bottom J. II, 275. —puthulaka (adj.) with broad hips, having beautiful hips J. V, 303 (in explanation of soṇī puthulā). —bhāga the waist J. III, 373. —bhāra a burden carried on the hip (also a way of carrying children) Vin. II, 137; III, 49. —sandhi the joint of the hip Miln. 418, Vism. 185. —samohita (adj.) fastened or clinging to the waist J. V, 206. —sutta a belt, girdle (as ornament) PvA. 134. —suttaka a string or cord around the waist to fasten the loin-cloth Vin. II, 271; also an ornamental waist-band, girdle Vin. II, 107 (see Vin. Texts III, 69, 142, 348). (Page 176)

— or —

Kati, (indecl.) (interr. pron.; used like Lat. quot. Already Vedic. ) how many? Vin. I, 83 (k. sikkhāpadāni), 155; S. I, 3 (°saṅgâtiga having overcome how many attachments? ), 70; Sn. 83, 960, 1018; Ps. II, 72; Miln. 78; DhA. I, 7, 188; PvA. 74. (Page 182)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṭi (कटि).—f (S) The loins or reins. 2 The region above the hip, the flank.

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kāṭī (काटी) [or कांटी, kāṇṭī].—a (In nandabhāṣā) Twenty.

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kātī (काती).—f The cleaver or bill of a bhaṇḍārī

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaṭi (कटि).—f The loins. The flank. kaṭitaṭa The hip and loins.

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kāṭī (काटी).—f A thorny tree or bush. kāṇṭī lavaṇēṃ Ruin, destroy.

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kātī (काती).—f The cleaver or bill of a bhaṇḍārī.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṭi (कटि) or Kaṭī (कटी).—f. [kaṭ-in]

1) The hip.

2) The buttocks (considered by rhetoricians as vulgar and colloquial in these senses; the word kaṭi in kaṭiste harate manaḥ is said to be grāmya.).

3) An elephant's cheek.

-ṭī Long pepper.

Derivable forms: kaṭiḥ (कटिः).

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Kati (कति).—pron. a. [kim-ḍati] (always declined in the plural only; kati, katibhiḥ &c.)

1) How many; कत्यग्नयः कति सूर्यासः (katyagnayaḥ kati sūryāsaḥ) Rv.1.88.18; एभिर्भूतैः स्मर कति कृताः स्वान्त ते विप्रलम्भाः (ebhirbhūtaiḥ smara kati kṛtāḥ svānta te vipralambhāḥ) Śānti.3.18;

2) Some. When followed by चित्, चन (cit, cana) or अपि, कति (api, kati) loses its interrogative force and becomes indefinite in sense, meaning 'some', 'several', 'a few'; तन्वी स्थिता कतिचिदेव पदानि गत्वा (tanvī sthitā katicideva padāni gatvā) Ś.2.12; कत्यपि वासराणि (katyapi vāsarāṇi) Amaru.25; तस्मिन्नद्रौ कतिचिदबलाविप्रयुक्तः स कामी नीत्वा मासान् (tasminnadrau katicidabalāviprayuktaḥ sa kāmī nītvā māsān) Me.2.

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Kāti (काति).—a. Wishing, desiring.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kaṭi (कटि).—nt. (?), perhaps straw, = kuṭi (q.v.), for which it is probably a false reading: Divyāvadāna 511.19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭi (कटि).—mf. (-ṭiḥ-ṭī) 1. The hip. 2. The buttocks. 3. An elephant’s cheek. E. kaṭ to go, ki affix, fem. ṅīṣḥ see kaṭa and kaṭiprotha.

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Kaṭī (कटी).—f. (-ṭī) See kaṭi and kaṭa.

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Kati (कति).—mfn. (-tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) 1. How many. 2. How much. E. kim what, and ḍati aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭi (कटि).—kaṭī (cf. kaṭa), f. 1. The hip, Mahābhārata 1, 6293. 2. The buttocks, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 281.

Kaṭi can also be spelled as Kaṭī (कटी).

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Kati (कति).—i. e. ka, base of kim + ti, pron. 1. How many, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 73, 2. 2. Some, [Pañcatantra] 171, 2; usually with following cid, [Pañcatantra] 87, 22; with api, [Amaruśataka, (ed. Calcutt.)] 25. 3. A proper name, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 1461.

— Cf. [Latin] quot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭi (कटि).—[feminine] hip.

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Kaṭī (कटी).—[feminine] hip.

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Kati (कति).—1. ([pronoun] [interrogative]) how many? [with] cid & api some, several.

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Kati (कति).—2. [masculine] [Name] of an ancient sage.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṭī (कटी):—[from kaṭa > kaṭ] a f. long pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Kaṭi (कटि):—[from kaṭ] f. or ī the hip, buttocks, [Mahābhārata; Manu-smṛti; Suśruta] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the entrance of a temple, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

4) [v.s. ...] an elephant’s cheek, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] long pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) Kaṭī (कटी):—[from kaṭ] b f. = kaṭi above.

7) Kati (कति):—[from katama] 1. kati ([from] 2. ka declined in [plural] only, Gram. 227 a; all the cases except the [nominative case] [vocative case] and [accusative] taking terminations, whereas the correlative iti has become fixed as an indeclinable adverb), how many? quot? several (e.g. kati devāḥ, how many gods? kati vyāpādayati kati vā tāḍayati, some he kills and some he strikes). In the sense of ‘several’, ‘some’, kati is generally followed by cid or api (e.g. katicid ahāni, for several or some days)

8) [v.s. ...] it may be used as an adverb with cid in the sense of ‘oftentimes’, ‘much’, ‘in many ways’ (e.g. katicit stutaḥ, much or often praised), [Ṛg-veda etc.];

9) [v.s. ...] cf. [Zend] caiti; [Greek] πόστος; [Latin] quot; cf. Sk. tati and [Latin] tot.

10) 2. kati (for 1. See above) m. Name of a sage (son of Viśvā-mitra and ancestor of Kātyāyana), [Harivaṃśa]

11) Kāti (काति):—mfn. ([from] √3. ), ‘wishing, desiring’ (only in [compound] See ṛṇa-kāti and kāma-kāti cf. ṛṇa-cit)

12) m. [plural] Name of a school.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṭi (कटि):—(ṭiḥ) 2. m. f. The hip; the buttocks; elephant’s cheek.

2) Kaṭī (कटी):—(ṭī) 3. f. See kaṭi.

3) Kati (कति):—[(tiḥ-tiḥ-ti) pro.] How many?

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kati (कति) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kai, Kaḍi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kati in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kaṭi (कटि):—(nf) loin, waist; lumbar, ~[baṃdha] a girdle, belt; zone; ~[baṃdhīya] zonal; ~[baddha] girt up; ready, resolved.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaṭi (ಕಟಿ):—[noun] a hard or dry substance (as a piece of bread that has lost moisture in it).

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Kaṭi (ಕಟಿ):—

1) [noun] the part of the human body below the ribs and above the hips, usu. of smaller circumference than these; the narrower middle part of the normal human figure; the waist.

2) [noun] either of the two fleshy protuberances on the lower rear part of the human body; the posterior; the buttocks.

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Kati (ಕತಿ):—[noun] extreme anger; wrath; fury; rage.

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Kāṭi (ಕಾಟಿ):—[noun] a thin food made by cooking the flour of jowar, rāgi, etc.in water; gruel.

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Kāṭi (ಕಾಟಿ):—[noun] an old coin of small denomination.

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Kāṭi (ಕಾಟಿ):—[noun] a wild buffalo, Bos gaurus; a bison.

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Kāṭi (ಕಾಟಿ):—[noun] name of a minor deity.

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Kāṭi (ಕಾಟಿ):—

1) [noun] the decorative line running parallel to the hem of a cloth (as of a sārī, dhōti, etc.).

2) [noun] (dial.) the structure, constitution, strength, form or appearance of the body; physique.

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Kāti (ಕಾತಿ):—[noun] extreme anger; wrath; fury; rage.

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Kāti (ಕಾತಿ):—

1) [noun] the prepared fiber of the husks of coconuts, used to make matting and rope; coir.

2) [noun] a rope or a piece of rope made of this.

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Kāti (ಕಾತಿ):—[noun] a house-wife; the mistress of a house.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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