Kati, aka: Kaṭi, Kaṭī, Kāti; 9 Definition(s)


Kati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Kaṭi (कटि) refers to “waist”, “hip” or “buttocks”. It is one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

There are five different kinds of “movements of the waist (kaṭi)” defined:

  1. chinnā (turned aside),
  2. nivṛttā (turned round),
  3. recitā (moved about),
  4. prakampitā / kampitā (shaken),
  5. udvāhitā (raised)
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Kaṭi (कटि, “waist”) refers to the “two sides of the waist” representing one of the seven “major limbs” (aṅga), which represents a division of Āṅgikābhinaya (gesture language of the limbs) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—Āṅgika-abhinaya is the gesture language of the limbs. Dance is an art that expresses itself through the medium of body, and therefore, āṅgikābhinaya is essential for any dance and especially for any classical dance of India. Aṅgas or major limbs include the head, hands, chest, sides, waist (viz., Kaṭi), and feet; at times the neck is also used as a separate limb.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Kaṭi (कटि) or Kaṭihasta refers to “hip” and represents one of the twenty-four gestures with a single hand, as defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—Accordingly, pratimā-lakṣaṇa (body postures of the icons) is comprised of hand gestures (hasta, mudrā or kai-amaiti), stances/poses (āsanas) and inflexions of the body (bhaṅgas). There are thirty-two types of hands [viz., kaṭi-hasta] classified into two major groups known as tolirkai (functional and expressive gestures) and elirkai (graceful posture of the hand).

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Kaṭi (कटि, “hip”) refers to the “two hips”, from which the Buddha emitted numerous rays when he smiled with his whole body after contemplating the entire universe, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Accordingly, having himself arranged the lion-seat, the Bhagavat sat down cross-legged; holding his body upright and fixing his attention, he entered into the samādhirājasamādhi. Then, having tranquilly come out of this samādhi and having contemplated the entire universe with his divine eye (divyacakṣus), the Bhagavat smiled with his whole body. Wheels with a thousand spokes imprinted on the soles of his feet (pādatala) shoot out six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays. In the same way, beams of six hundred prabhedakoṭi of rays are emitted from his two hips (kaṭi).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

kati : (interr. particle) how many. || kaṭi (f.), the hip; waist.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kaṭi, (Sk. kaṭi, *(s)qǔel; orig. bending, curvature, cp. Gr. skέlos hip, Lat. scelus crooked deed, Ger. scheel squint) hip, waist Vin. III, 22, 112; Nd2 659; J. IV, 32; Miln. 418. In cpds. also kaṭa (q. v.). —thālaka a cert. bone on the small of the back J. VI, 509. —padesa the buttocks J. III, 37. —pamāṇa (adj.) as far as the waist J. VI, 593. —pariyosāna the end of the hips, the bottom J. II, 275. —puthulaka (adj.) with broad hips, having beautiful hips J. V, 303 (in expln of soṇī puthulā). —bhāga the waist J. III, 373. —bhāra a burden carried on the hip (also a way of carrying children) Vin. II, 137; III, 49. —sandhi the joint of the hip Miln. 418, Vism. 185. —samohita (adj.) fastened or clinging to the waist J. V, 206. —sutta a belt, girdle (as ornament) PvA. 134. —suttaka a string or cord around the waist to fasten the loin-cloth Vin. II, 271; also an ornamental waist-band, girdle Vin. II, 107 (see Vin. Texts III, 69, 142, 348). (Page 176)

— or —

Kati, (indecl.) (interr. pron.; used like Lat. quot. Already Vedic. ) how many? Vin. I, 83 (k. sikkhāpadāni), 155; S. I, 3 (°saṅgâtiga having overcome how many attachments? ), 70; Sn. 83, 960, 1018; Ps. II, 72; Miln. 78; DhA. I, 7, 188; PvA. 74. (Page 182)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

kaṭi (कटि).—f (S) The loins or reins. 2 The region above the hip, the flank.

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kāṭī (काटी) [or कांटी, kāṇṭī].—a (In nandabhāṣā) Twenty.

--- OR ---

kātī (काती).—f The cleaver or bill of a bhaṇḍārī

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṭi (कटि).—f The loins. The flank. kaṭitaṭa The hip and loins.

--- OR ---

kāṭī (काटी).—f A thorny tree or bush. kāṇṭī lavaṇēṃ Ruin, destroy.

--- OR ---

kātī (काती).—f The cleaver or bill of a bhaṇḍārī.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṭi (कटि) or Kaṭī (कटी).—f. [kaṭ-in]

1) The hip.

2) The buttocks (considered by rhetoricians as vulgar and colloquial in these senses; the word kaṭi in kaṭiste harate manaḥ is said to be grāmya.).

3) An elephant's cheek.

-ṭī Long pepper.

Derivable forms: kaṭiḥ (कटिः).

--- OR ---

Kati (कति).—pron. a. [kim-ḍati] (always declined in the plural only; kati, katibhiḥ &c.)

1) How many; कत्यग्नयः कति सूर्यासः (katyagnayaḥ kati sūryāsaḥ) Rv.1.88.18; एभिर्भूतैः स्मर कति कृताः स्वान्त ते विप्रलम्भाः (ebhirbhūtaiḥ smara kati kṛtāḥ svānta te vipralambhāḥ) Śānti.3.18;

2) Some. When followed by चित्, चन (cit, cana) or अपि, कति (api, kati) loses its interrogative force and becomes indefinite in sense, meaning 'some', 'several', 'a few'; तन्वी स्थिता कतिचिदेव पदानि गत्वा (tanvī sthitā katicideva padāni gatvā) Ś.2.12; कत्यपि वासराणि (katyapi vāsarāṇi) Amaru.25; तस्मिन्नद्रौ कतिचिदबलाविप्रयुक्तः स कामी नीत्वा मासान् (tasminnadrau katicidabalāviprayuktaḥ sa kāmī nītvā māsān) Me.2.

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Kāti (काति).—a. Wishing, desiring.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 64 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kaṭisūtra (कटिसूत्र) or Kaṭīsūtra (कटीसूत्र).—a zone or waistband.Derivable forms: kaṭisūtram (...
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Kaṭihasta (कटिहस्त) or simply Kaṭi refers to “hip” and represents one of the twenty-four gestur...
Kaṭiśīrṣa (कटिशीर्ष) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.87) and represents one ...
Kaṭiśṛṅkhalā (कटिशृङ्खला) or Kaṭīśṛṅkhalā (कटीशृङ्खला).—a girdle furnished with small bells. Ka...
Kaṭimālikā (कटिमालिका) or Kaṭīmālikā (कटीमालिका).—a woman's zone or girdle. Kaṭimālikā is a San...
Kaṭirohaka (कटिरोहक) or Kaṭīrohaka (कटीरोहक).—the rider of an elephant (who sits upon the hinde...
Kaṭideśa (कटिदेश) or Kaṭīdeśa (कटीदेश).—the loins. [-(ṭi or ṭī) prothaḥ] the buttocks. Derivabl...
Kaṭikūpa (कटिकूप) or Kaṭīkūpa (कटीकूप).—the hollow above the hip, the loins. Derivable forms: k...
Kaṭiśīrṣaka (कटिशीर्षक) or Kaṭīśīrṣaka (कटीशीर्षक).—the loins. Derivable forms: kaṭiśīrṣakaḥ (क...
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Ṛṇakāti (ऋणकाति).—a. one to whom praise is due as a debt; or one who receives praise as a debt ...
Puṃskaṭi (पुंस्कटि).—f. a man's hip. Derivable forms: puṃskaṭiḥ (पुंस्कटिः).Puṃskaṭi is a Sansk...

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