Kalagni, Kālāgni, Kala-agni: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kalagni means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Kālāgni (कालाग्नि) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, as an ayurveda treatment, it should be taken twith caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., kālāgni-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Kālāgni (कालाग्नि) is a Sanskrit name referring to one of the eight manifestations of Bhīṣaṇa and Saṃhāra, both forms of Bhairava. According to the Rudrayāmala, there are eight main forms of Bhairava who control the eight directions of this universe. Each form (e.g., Bhīṣaṇa and Saṃhāra) has a further eight sub-manifestations (e.g., Kālāgni), thus resulting in a total of 64 Bhairavas.

When depicting Kālāgni according to traditional iconographic rules (śilpaśāstra), one should depcit him (and other forms of Bhīṣaṇa) having a yellow color and should carry in his hands the kuṇḍa, the kheṭaka, the parigha (a kind of club) and bhiṇḍipāla. When depicting Kālāgni as a form of Saṃhāra, one should depict him having a color resembling lightning; he should carry in his hands the kuṇḍa, the kheṭaka, the parigha (a kind of club) and bhiṇḍipāla.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

1) Kālāgni (कालाग्नि) is the name of a deity corresponding to a “Rudraksha with five faces” (Pañcavaktra), according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.25, while explaining the greatness of Rudrākṣa:—“[...] a Rudrākṣa with five faces (pañcavaktra) is Rudra Himself. Its name is Kālāgni. It is lordly. It bestows all sorts of salvation and achievement of all desired objects. A five-faced Rudrākṣa dispels all sorts of sins such as accrue from sexual intercourse with a forbidden woman and from eating forbidden food”.

2) Kālāgni (कालाग्नि) refers to the “fire of the god of death”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.39.—Accordingly, as Dadhīca said to Viṣṇu:—“[...] taking a fistful of Kuśa grass and remembering Śiva, Dadhīca of adamantine bones and self-control discharged it against all the Gods. O sage, thanks to the power of Śiva, the fistful Kuśa grass of the sage became the divine trident equal in potentiality to the fire of the god of death (i.e., kālāgni). That trident of Śaiva nature blazing around with the lustre exceeding the fire at the close of the Yugas wanted to burn the armed Gods”.

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Kālāgni (कालाग्नि) refers to the burning fire appearing at the time of Naimittika (“dissolution at the end of the kalpa”), according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—When the beings are burnt by the fire of the Sun’s rays, it becomes one Fire united with the effulgence of Rudra. That Fire consumes the earth (pṛthivī), the sky (divaloka) and the nether region (pātāla). The flames of this Fire rises above hundred yojanas. By the effulgence of that kālāgni, Saṃvartakāgni burns also the Yakṣas, Rakṣas and Uragas. The universe at that time appears to be a red-hot iron sphere. Further the terrible cloud arises accompanied by lightning. The terrific cloud roars loudly and rains excessively and continuously. That kālāgni gets extinguished and everywhere there is only water and nothing else. [...]

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

In the works on Śaivasiddhānta, kālāgni represents one of the regions of the earth-element.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kālāgni (कालाग्नि).—

1) the destructive fire at the end of the world.

2) an epithet of Rudra. -3. a kind of bead (rudrākṣa).

Derivable forms: kālāgniḥ (कालाग्निः).

Kālāgni is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms kāla and agni (अग्नि). See also (synonyms): kālānala.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālāgni (कालाग्नि).—m.

(-gniḥ) The fire that is to destroy the world. E. kāla, and agni fire.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kālāgni (कालाग्नि):—[from kāla] m. the fire that is to destroy the world, conflagration at the end of time

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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