Shivaratha, Śivaratha, Shiva-ratha: 3 definitions



Shivaratha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śivaratha can be transliterated into English as Sivaratha or Shivaratha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shivaratha in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Śivaratha (शिवरथ) refers to the “chariot of Śiva” which was used in the expedition against Tripura, according to the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, the Saurapurāṇa in two chapters 34 and 35 relates the Tripuradhana myth thus:—“[...] Viṣṇu praised Śiva with a stotra and the latter was pleased to do the work of the Gods. Thus the chariot of Śiva was ready for the expedition against Tripura”.

The text then gives a very beautiful description of Śivaratha. Brahmā was the charioteer. Viṣṇu became the arrow. Yama the lance, Kālāgni the point of the arrow and the other gods, Artha, Kāma, Dakṣiṇā, Avyakta, Buddhi, Ahaṃkāra, sense organs, Vedas, Vedāṅgas, Dharmaśāstra, philosophical texts, Purāṇas, the rivers etc. assited and became the part of the chariot. Thus the divine chariot was ready and Śiva propitiated Vināyaka at the outset to set out for destroying Tripura. When Śiva aimed his arrow the moment was very auspicious and the three cities fell in one line. Śiva pierced those in a single arrow. As a result the three cities were burnt.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shivaratha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śivaratha (शिवरथ):—[=śiva-ratha] [from śiva] m. Name of a man, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śivaratha (शिवरथ):—m. Nomen proprium eines Mannes [Rājataraṅgiṇī 8, 111. 2384.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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