Kalama, aka: Kālāma; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Kalama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalama (कलम) is a Sanskrit word for a species of rice (śāli) which is said to have a superior quality, according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The word mahā means “great” or “large”. The plant Kalama is part of the Śūkadhānyavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of awned grains”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. According to Monier-Williams, Kalama is “sown in May and June and ripening in December or January”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Kalama (कलम) or Kalamaśāli refers to one of the ten varieties of “rice” (śāli) according to verse 25.60b-61 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā which deals with the classification of the places for building the fire-pits (kuṇḍa). Śāli represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit for food-offerings. Accordingly, “Śāli (eg., kalama) is important among them. Others are to be taken in its absence or that of others”.

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Kalama - See Alara Kalama.

2. Kalama - The name, probably, of a gotta or family. Mention is made of a nigama belonging to them in Kosala, which was called Kesaputta. The sermon preached by the Buddha on his visit to Kesaputta is justly famous (A.i.188ff). The Kalamas were Khattiyas (AA.i.418). Among members of this family specially mentioned by name are Bharandu Kalama, who was once a co disciple of the Bodhisatta, and Alara Kalama, the teacher of Gotama before his Enlightenment.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

kalama (कलम).—n ( A kalama S) A paragraph: also a distinct head, item, article. 2 A graft or cion. 3 Ingrafting. 4 A painter's brush or pencil. 5 A pen. 6 Chopping off (of hands or feet). Sometimes used of the lopping and pruning of trees. 7 m f Fainting or swooning. v .

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kalamā (कलमा) [or कलम्हा, kalamhā].—m ( A The grand all-comprehending dogma of the Muhammadans, There is no god but God &c. The loud and fervid utterance of this the Marathas are pleased to interpret as, and to accept the word as signifying) A brawl, squabble, wild uproar, or mere vociferation. v kara, lāva, māṇḍa, mājava, uṭhava, cālava, & v i hō, lāga, māja, uṭha &c.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kalama (कलम).—n A pen. A paragraph, a distinct head. A painter's brush. A graft, chopping off, ingrafting. kalama karaṇēṃ To graft. To cut off, amputate.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalama (कलम).—[Uṇ.4.84]

1) Rice which is sown in MayJune and ripens in December-January; प्रसूतं कलमक्षेत्रं वर्षेणेव शतक्रतुः (prasūtaṃ kalamakṣetraṃ varṣeṇeva śatakratuḥ) Rām.4.14.16. सुतेन पाण्डोः कलमस्य गोपिकाम् (sutena pāṇḍoḥ kalamasya gopikām) Ki.4.9,34; Ku.5.47; आपादपद्मप्रणता कलमा इव ते रघुम् । फलैः संवर्धयामासुरुत्खातप्रतिरोपिताः (āpādapadmapraṇatā kalamā iva te raghum | phalaiḥ saṃvardhayāmāsurutkhātapratiropitāḥ) || R.4.37. कलयता कलमावन- कामिनीकलमनोहरगानममन्यत (kalayatā kalamāvana- kāminīkalamanoharagānamamanyata) Rām. Ch.4.72.

2) A pen, a reed for writing with.

3) A thief.

4) A rogue, rascal.

Derivable forms: kalamaḥ (कलमः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kalamā (कलमा).—= prec.: Divy 532.11 masinā (= maṣ°) kalamayā tūlena; 535.10 bhūrjāṃ (mss.) kalamā (so divide) tailaṃ tūlam asir (read masir or maṣir?).

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Kālāma (कालाम).—(= Pali id.), surname of Ārāḍa or Ar°, qq.v.; var. Kālāpa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kalama (कलम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Rice which is sown in May and June, and ripens in December or January; a white rice growing in deep water: see śāli. 2. A pen, a reed for writing with. 3. A thief, a rogue. E. kal to count, &c. and ama Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 33 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Alara Kalama
Ārāḷa Kālāma in Pali or Ārāḍa kālāma in Sanskrit, is one of the two teachers of the Buddha, acc...
Kalamasutra
Kālāmasūtra (कालामसूत्र).—(to be read for Kāma-sūtra of text), n. of a work: Bbh 389.10 (the Ti...
Kalamakasai
kalama-kasaī (कलम-कसई).—m One that ruins people by his pen.
Nirvamshi-kalama
nirvaṃśī-kalama (निर्वंशी-कलम).—n The ghost or umbra of an extinct family. It haunts the family...
Kalamashali
Kalamaśāli (कलमशालि) or Kalama refers to one of the ten varieties of “rice” (śāli) according to...
Kalama-majavanem
kalamā-mājavaṇēṃ (कलमा-माजवणें) [-uṭhavaṇēṃ, -उठवणें].—&c. To raise a wild uproar or brawl.
Taja Kalama
tājā kalama (ताजा कलम).—n ( & P) A postscript; an addendum; a new head; a fresh paragraph.
Kalamagopi
Kalamagopī (कलमगोपी).—a woman employed to guard a rice-field; Śi.6.49.Kalamagopī is a Sanskrit ...
Nirvamshi Kalama
nirvaṃśī kalama (निर्वंशी कलम).—n The ghost or umbra of an extinct family. It haunts the family...
Kalamagopavadha
Kalamagopavadha (कलमगोपवध).—a woman employed to guard a rice-field; Śi.6.49.Kalamagopavadha is ...
Arada Kalama
Ārāḍa kālāma in Sanskrit or Ārāḷa Kālāma in Pali, is one of the two teachers of the Buddha...
Shali
Śāli (शालि) refers to “rice” and represents one of the seven village-corns that are fit for foo...
Oshadhi
Oṣadhi (ओषधि).—f. (-dhiḥ) An annual plant or herb, one that dies after becoming ripe. E. oṣa he...
Papa
Pāpā (पापा).—(= Pali Pāvā; recorded in Jain texts, Cole-brooke, Misc. Essays 2.215, or 2d ed. 1...
Kalapa
Kalāpa (कलाप).—m. (-paḥ) 1. An ornament in general. 2. A zone, a string of bells worn by woman ...

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