Hiranyagupta, Hiraṇyagupta: 2 definitions

Introduction

Hiranyagupta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (H) next»] — Hiranyagupta in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

1) Hiraṇyagupta (हिरण्यगुप्त) is the name of a merchant, whose story is told in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 4.

2) Hiraṇyagupta (हिरण्यगुप्त) is the name of a son of King Nanda, whose story is told in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 5.

3)  Hiraṇyagupta (हिरण्यगुप्त) is the name of a rich merchant from Viyogapura, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 52. Accordingly as Ambikā said to Jīvadatta in bodily form: “...  then Sudarśana, seeing that Anaṅgaprabhā was uncomfortable and unhappy on account of their poverty, said to her: ‘Come and let us borrow something from a rich friend of mine, named Hiraṇyagupta, a distinguished merchant’”.

The story of Hiraṇyagupta was told by Gomukha in order to demonstrate that “divine beings fall by virtue of a curse, and, owing to the consequences of their own wickedness, are incarnate in the world of men, and after reaping the fruit appropriate to their bad conduct they again go to their own home on account of previously acquired merit”.

4) Hiraṇyagupta (हिरण्यगुप्त) is the name of a merchant (vaṇij), according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 57. Accordingly, as Vasundhara said to Ratnadatta: “... I obtained from the door of the king’s palace a bracelet with splendid jewels, and I picked out one jewel and sold it. And I sold it for a lakh of dinars to a merchant named Hiraṇyagupta; this is how I come to be living in comfort at present...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Hiraṇyagupta, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (H) next»] — Hiranyagupta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Hiraṇyagupta (हिरण्यगुप्त):—[=hiraṇya-gupta] [from hiraṇya > hiraṇa] m. Name of various men, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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