by G. P. Bhatt | 1955 | 243,464 words
This is the Brahma Purana in English (translation from Sanskrit), which is one of the eighteen Maha Puranas. The contents of this ancient Indian encyclopedic treatise include cosmology, genealogy (solar dynasty etc.), mythology, geology and Dharma (universal law of nature). The Brahma Purana is notable for its extenstive geological survey includin...
The sages said:
1. O Sūta conversent with piety, it behoves you to narrate the tale of holy shrines and centres over the earth. We are inclined to hear the same.
2. He whose hands and feet are clean, whose mind is fully restrained and who has learning, penance and fame, enjoys the benefit of visiting holy shrines.
3. The pure mind is the holy centre unto men. So also the control over speech and the restraint on the sense-organs. There are holy centres present in the physical body itself. They make the man understand the path of heaven.
4. The wicked mind situated within does not become purified by ablutions in the sacred water in the holy centres, like the unclean mudpot of stale liquor which cannot become pure even when washed with water a hundred times.
5. Neither holy centres, not charitable gifts nor holy rites, nor penance groves can purify the man whose mind is wicked, who takes delight in arrogance or who has not conquered his sense-organs.
7. Hence listen. I shall mention holy centres and sacred shrines—whatever there are on the earth, O excellent sages.
8-9. They cannot be explained in detail even in the course of hundreds of years.
14. Somatīrtha, Tuṅgakūṭa, Skandāśramatīrtha, Sūryaprabha, Dhenusaras and the seventh āyuṣmika.?
15. Koṭitīrtha at Dharmodbhava, the Sārva-kāmika-tīrtha, Sūryaprabha, Mahākuṇḍa and Somābhiṣecanatīrtha.
16. Mahāśtotra, Koraka, Pañcadhāras Tridhāra, Saptadhāra, Ekadhāra and Amarakaṇṭakatīrtha.
18. Śaṅkhaprabha, Devakuṇḍa, Vajrāyudhatīrtha, Vastrāpada, Barhapada and Lokārohaṇa.
26. Śrīśakrayajana, Brahmavālukā, the holy Vyāsatīrtha, Puṇḍarīka and the excellent Maṇimantha.
30. The Koṭitīrtha at Pañcanada, Varāha, Yakṣiṇīhrada, Puṇḍarīka, Somatīrtha, and the excellent Muñjāvaṭaratha.
31. The Babūravanatīrtha situated in the forest Badarīvana, Svarlokadvāraka and Kapilātīrtha.
32. Sūryatīrtha, Varusthāna, Bhavābhavana, Yakṣarākṣasatīrtha, and Brahmatīrtha the excellent holy centre.
34. Daśāśvamedha, Kedāra, excellent Brahmajña Saptarṣikuṇḍa and the well-delimited tīrtha of the goddess.
35. Ihāspada (the support here, on earth) Koṭikṛta, Kiṃvāna, Kiṃjaya, Kāraṇḍava, Viśvatīrtha and another Triviṣṭapatīrtha.
37. The Brahmatīrtha, Manastīrtha, the sacred holy centre, Saugandhika the holy forest, Maṇitīrtha and Sarasvatītīrtha.
38. The most excellent holy centre Īśānatīrtha, the holy Pañcayajñaka, Triśūladhara, Mahendra, and the divine abode Mahālaya,
41. Saptasārasvata, the holy centre of Auśanasatīrtha, Kapālamocana, Avakīrṇa and Pañcakatīrtha.
42. Catussāmudrika, Satkāñcanasahasrika, Reṇuka, Pañcakaṭaka and Ainasa-Vimocanatīrtha.
45. O brahmins, Somatīrtha, the meritorious Koṭitīrtha, the holy spot of Koṭitīrthasthalī, an eddy by Bhadrakālī.
46. The holy forest of Arundhatīvana, the excellent Brahmāvarta, Aśvadevī, Kubjavana and Yamunāprabhava.
48. Brahmāṇītīrtha, which is very great, Gaṅgodbhavasarasvatī, Bāhukātīrtha and Vimalāśokatīrtha.
49. Gautamītīrtha, Airāvatītīrtha, Śatasahasrikātīrtha, Koṭitīrtha in the abode Bhartṛsthāna and the excellent Kāpilītīrtha.
50. The Pañcanadatīrtha of the intelligent Mārkaṇḍeya, Somatīrtha, Śivoda and Matsyodarītīrtha.
51. Sūryatīrtha having the lustre of the sun, the holy forest Somakavana, Aruṇāspada, Vāmanaka and the Sūryatīrtha abounding in sands.
52. The Tīrtha called Avimukta, the Nīlakaṇṭhahrada, Piśācamocana, and Subhadrāhrada.
53. Vimalakuṇḍa, Tīrtha of Caṇḍīśvara, Śreṣṭhasthānahrada and Samudrakūpa.
55. Puṇḍarīkahrada, the tank of Kāṣṭhaka, Śmaśānastambha, Kumbhatīrtha and the Vināyakahrada.
57. Bhaktahrada, the lake of milk, Pretādhāra, Kumārakatīrtha, Brahmāvarta Kuśāvarta and the holy centre Dadhikarṇodaya.
59. Gomayatīrtha in the South, Hayaśāntika in the north, Kapilāhrada, Gṛdhrakūṭa and Sāvitrīhrada.
60. The forest Gītavana that destroys sins, Yonidvāra, Dhainuka, Dhanvaka, Lohika and Mataṅgahrada.
61. Pitṛkūpa, Rudrakūpa, Matitīrtha, Sumālin, Brahmasthāna, Saptakuṇḍa, and Maṇiratnahrada.
63. The holy centre Śoka, Bhāratatīrtha, Jyeṣṭhālika, Viśveśvara of hundredfold merits, and Kanyāsaṃvedha.
65. Kulakarṇahrada, Kauśikīdruma, Dharmatīrtha, Kāñcanatīrtha and the holy centre Uddālaka.
66. Daṇḍātmā, Mālinītīrtha, Vanacaṇḍikātīrtha, Sandhyātīrtha, Kālatīrtha, Kapilātīrtha and Lohitārṇava.
69. Avasarga, Mahendra, Śrītīrtha and the holy centre Iṣutīrtha, Vārṣika, and the abode of Kubera.
71. Another Badarīhrada, Brahmasthānavivardhana, Jātihrada, Devahrada, and Kuśaprathana.
72. Sarvadevavrata, Kanyāśramahrada, Mahārājahrada, the holy Śakratīrtha and Kundaka.
73. Āṅgāratīrtha, the forest Rudrāraṇyaka, Medhāvin, Devahrada and the holy centre Amaravartana.
76-79. The eddies, the holy waterspots of Vālakhilyas, the seven sages, other great sages and the Akhaṇḍita-hrada.
The man who is endowed with faith who lakes his bath duly in these sacred water spots and holy centres should observe fast and control his sense-organs. He should perform Tarpaṇa rites for Devas, sages and Pitṛs. After worshipping the deities he should stay there for three nights.
O brahmins, benefits are derived severally from each of these holy centres. Undoubtedly, the man obtains the benefit of a horse-sacrifice by making journeys to these places.
He who listens to this narrative daily, or who narrates this greatness of holy centres is liberated from sins.
Footnotes and references:
Kanakhala—A holy place of pilgrimage on the bank of Gaṅgā. Kālidāsa refers to this place in his Meghadūta. This is the place where Dakṣa Prājāpati performed the sacrifice.