Gopa, aka: Go-pa, Gopā; 8 Definition(s)


Gopa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1a) Gopa (गोप).—A Tuṣita god.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 9.

1b) Connected with Devas, lived in Vraja;1 their joy at the birth of Kṛṣṇa.2 Vanacaras with no settled home; left Bṛhadvana for Brindāvana in view of certain ominous portents. They travelled in bullock carts accompanied by music of tūrya. A residential construction was put up by arranging their carts in a semi-circle.3 Their concern at Kṛṣṇa being caught by Kālīya, and their joy at his escape.4 Pleased at Pralamba's (s.v.) death.5 While Arjuna was guarding Kṛṣṇa's wives after his decease, the Gopas overpowered him.6 Supplied butter and ghee to Kaṃsā.7

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 1. 62; 2-7.
  • 2) Ib. 5. 14.
  • 3) Ib. 11. 30-36; Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 7. 18; 10. 26, 33.
  • 4) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 17. 14.
  • 5) Ib. 18. 30.
  • 6) Ib. I. 15. 20-21.
  • 7) Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 15-22.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Gopā (गोपा) or Gopiya is one of the two wifes of the Buddha according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVIII). Accordingly, “the Bodhisattva Śākyamuni had two wives: the first was called K’iu p’i ye (Gopiya or Gopā), the second Ye chou t’o lo (Yaśodharā) or Ye chou t’o lo heou lo mou (Yaśodharā Rāhulamātā). Gopā, being sterile (bandhya), had no children. Yaśodharā knew she was pregnant (garbhiṇī) the same night that the Bodhisattva left home (pravrajita). After his departure, the Bodhisattva practiced asceticism (duṣkaracaryā) for six years; Yaśodharā was pregnant also for six years without giving birth”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geogprahy

Gopa.—(EI 24), a watchman. (HD), officer in charge of the royal cattle; officer over five or ten villages according to the Arthaśāstra, II. 35. (HRS), according to the Arthaśāstra, (1) officer in charge of five or ten villages with revenue and police functions; (2) officer in charge of ten, twenty or forty families in the city; similar to the Paṭel, or Paṭvārī (H. Rev. Syst., pp. 146-47). Note: gopa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

gōpa (गोप).—m (S) A caste or an individual of it. They are cowherds and milkmen. 2 An ornament for the neck or waist. It is of gold or of stoutlytwisted silk &c. 3 A kind of grass.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

gōpa (गोप).—m A cowherd or milkman-caste or an individual of it. An ornament for the neck or waist.

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gōpa (गोप) [or gōpacindana, or गोपचिंदन].—n White clay. Fig. Des- truction, devastation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gopa (गोप).—(- f.) [gup-ac]

1) One who guards or protects; शालिगोप्यो जगुर्यशः (śāligopyo jaguryaśaḥ) R.4.2.

2) Hiding. concealment.

3) Reviling, abuse.

4) Flurry, agitation.

5) Light, lustre, splendour.

Derivable forms: gopaḥ (गोपः).

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Gopa (गोप).—See under गुप् (gup).

Derivable forms: gopaḥ (गोपः).

See also (synonyms): gopana.

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Gopa (गोप).—

1) a cowherd (considered as belonging to a mixed tribe); गोपवेशस्य विष्णोः (gopaveśasya viṣṇoḥ) Me.15.

2) the chief of a cowpen.

3) the superintendent of a village.

4) a king.

5) a protector, guardian; Rv.1.61.1. °anasī the wood of a thatch; गोपानसीषु क्षणमास्थितानाम् (gopānasīṣu kṣaṇamāsthitānām) Śi.3.49. °aṣṭamī the eighth day of the bright fortnight of Kārttika when Kṛṣṇa is said to have worn the dress of a cowherd. °āṭavikā a cowherd. °kanyā 1 the daughter of a cowherd.

2) a nymph of Vṛndāvana. °adhyakṣaḥ, °indraḥ, °īśaḥ the chief of herdsmen, an epithet of Kṛṣṇa. °cāpaḥ the rainbow. °dalaḥ the betel-nut tree. °bhadram the fibrous root of a water-lily. °rasaḥ gum myrrh. °rāṣṭrāḥ (pl.) Name of a people. °वधूः (vadhūḥ) f. a cowherd's wife; Bhāg.1.9.4. °वधूटी (vadhūṭī) a young cowherdess, a young wife of a cowherd; गोपवधूटीदुकूलचौराय (gopavadhūṭīdukūlacaurāya) Bhāṣā P.1. (-pakaḥ) 1 the superintendent of a district.

2) myrrh. (-pikā) 1 a cowherdess; Bhāg.1.9.14-15.

2) protectress.

- a cowherd's wife (especially applied to the cowherdesses of Vṛndāvana, the companions of Kṛṣṇa in his juvenile sports).

Derivable forms: gopaḥ (गोपः).

Gopa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and pa (प).

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Gopā (गोपा).—m. Ved.

1) a herdsman.

2) protector, or guardian; मन्द्राग्रे- त्वरी भुवनस्य गोपा (mandrāgre- tvarī bhuvanasya gopā) Av.2.1.57.

Derivable forms: gopāḥ (गोपाः).

Gopā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms go and (पा).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gopa (गोप).—n. of a son of Khaṇḍa (2): MSV ii.4.3 ff.

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Gopā (गोपा).—(also Gopī and Gopikā, qq.v.; in Pali a Sākiya girl named Gopī or Gopikā is known, but not identified with the Bodhisattva's wife), n. of a Śākya girl, who in LV and Suv becomes the wife of the Bodhisattva (in most other texts he marries Yaśodharā, q.v.): LV 142.8 ff. (daughter of Daṇḍapāṇi); 157.4 ff.; 194.7 ff.; 230.3 ff.; 237.19; Suv 200.8; in Mvy 1071 Gopī or Gopā, named next to Yaśodharā, but there is no reason to assume their identification (Mironov reads Gopā without v.l.); in Gv 385.6 ff. Gopā occurs as a Śākya-kanyā, who in 420.19 is the daughter of Daṇḍapāṇi (like the Gopā of LV), but there is here no suggestion that she married the Bodhisat- tva, tho she mentions him 419.20 (as well as Vairocana, 396.23).

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Gopā (गोपा) or Gopikā.—(and Gopī), wife of the Bodhisattva: °kāya (gen.) LV 235.21 (verse); °ke (voc.) 237.13 (verse); MSV iv.233.17 (but in 234.14 Yaśodharā).

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Gopā (गोपा) or Gopī.—q.v.: Mvy 1071 v.l. for Gopā (but Mironov only Gopā, no v.l.); as the Bodhisattva's wife, Gopi (voc.) LV 235.22; 237.11 (both verses).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Gopa (गोप).—mfn.

(-paḥ-pā-paṃ) 1. A helper, a friend or patron. 2. A preserver, a cherisher. 3. Who or what hides or conceals. m.

(-paḥ) 1. Superintendent of a district. 2. The head of a cowpen. 3. A herdsman, a cowherd, a milkman by caste and occupation. 4. A king. 5. A Myrrh: see goparasa. f. (-pā or -pī) A plant, (Echites frutescens) f.

(-pā) A milk-woman, a female cowherd. f. (-pī) 1. A cowherd’s wife, but especially applied to those of Brindaban, the companions and objects of Krishna'S juvenile sports, and who are considered sometimes as holy or celestial personages. 2. A protectress. 3. Nature, elementary nature. E. go the earth &c. and pa what preserves; also in some sense gup to hide, to protect, &c. affix ka, fem. affix ṭāp or ṅīṣ, gāṃ bhūmiṃ vā pāti rakṣati pā-ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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