Eka; 11 Definition(s)


Eka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Eka (एक):—Son of Raya (one of the six sons of Purūravā and Urvaśī). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.15.2)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Eka (एक).—The son of Raya.*

  • * Bha. IX. 15. 2.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Samkhya (school of philosophy)

1) Eka (एक, “single”).—As the vyaktas are many and the avyakta is the opposite of the vyaktas (“vyaktaṃ viparītamavyaktam”), so it is one, according to Sāṃkhyakārikā 10. For Gauḍapāda and Māṭhara, the characteristic eka belongs both of the prakṛti and puruṣa, while for some others (viz. Vācaspati) prakṛti alone is eka. Actually the term ‘eka’ has several interpretations. Sometimes ‘eka’ means number one.

2) Eka (एक, “single”).—Pure consciousness (śuddha-puruṣa) is single. But the consciousness reflected in the buddhi i.e vaddha-puruṣa is plural. The details about this will be discussed in the section “the number of puruṣa”.

Source: Shodhganga: Prakrti and purusa in Samkhyakarika an analytical review
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

1) Eka (एक).—Singular number, ekavacana: cf. नो नौ मे मदर्थं त्रिह्येकेषु (no nau me madarthaṃ trihyekeṣu). V. Pr.II.3: the term is found used in this sense of singular number in the Jainendra, Śākaṭāyana and Haima grammars

2) Eka.—Single (vowel) substitute (एकादेश (ekādeśa)) for two (vowels); cf एकः पूर्वपरयोः (ekaḥ pūrvaparayoḥ) P.VI. 1.84; अथैकमुभे (athaikamubhe) T.Pr. X.1;

3) Eka.—Many, a certain number : (used in pl. in this sense), cf. इह चेत्येके मन्यते (iha cetyeke manyate)M. Bh. on P.I. 4.21 .

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Eka (एक, “one”) is the first of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (eg., eka, “one”), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Eka (एक, “single”).—What is the meaning of single (eka)? Knowledge of a small part or one in number of an object is called eka.

The opposite (setara) of eka is bahu (more).—The meaning of bahu is many (number or quantity). This is an indicator of numerous.

according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.16, “The subdivisions of each of these (kinds of mati, or ‘mind-based knowledge’) are: more (bahu), many kinds, quick, hidden, unexpressed, lasting, and their opposites”.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

eka : (adj.) same; certain; unknown. (used for the indefinite article). One, (only in the sing.). in plural it gives the meaning "some".

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Eka, (adj.-num.) (Vedic eka, i.e. e-ka to Idg. *oi as in Av. aēva, Gr. oi)_os one, alone; and also with diff. suffix in Lat. ū-nus, cp. Gr. oi)nόs (one on the dice), Goth. etc. ains = E. one) one. Eka follows the pron. declension, i.e. Nom. pl. is eke (e.g. Sn.43, 294, 780 etc.) — 1. “one” as number, either with or without contrast to two or more; often also “single” opp. to nānā various, many (q. v.). Very frequent by itself as well as with other numerals, ekaṅgula one thumb Mhvs 29, 11; DhA.III, 127; ekapasse in one quarter DhA.II, 52; ekamaccha a single fish J.I, 222. In enumeration: eka dve pañca dasa DhA.I, 24. With other numerals: eka-tiṃsa (31) D.II, 2; °saṭṭhi (61) Vin.I, 20; °navuti (91) DhA.I, 97; °sata (101) DhA.II, 14. Cp. use of “one less” in ekūna (see under cpds. & ūna).—2. (as predicative and adj.) one, by oneself, one only, alone, solitary A.III, 67 (ek-uddesa); J.I, 59 (ekadivasena on the one day only, i.e. on the same day); Dh.395; Sn.35, 1136 (see Nd2 172a), ekaṃ ekaṃ one by one S I 104 (devo ekaṃ ekaṃ phusāyati rains drop by drop), cp. ekameka.—3. a certain one, some one, some; adj. in function of an indefinite article = a, one (definite or indefinite): ekasmiṃ samaye once upon a time J.I, 306; ekena upāyena by some means J.III, 393; ekaṃ kulaṃ gantuṃ to a certain clan (corresp. with asuka) DhA.I, 45; ekadivasaṃ one day J.I, 58; III, 26; PvA.67. Cp. Sn.1069 (see Nd2 172b).—All these three categories are found represented in freq. cpds., of which the foll. are but a small selection.

—akkhi see °pokkhara. —agga calm, tranquil (of persons just converted), collected (cp. Buddh. Sk. ekāgra Jtm 3170) S.IV, 125; A.I, 70, 266; II, 14, 29; III, 175 (°citta), 391; Sn.341; J.I, 88; Nett 28, cp. Miln.139. —aggatā concentration; capacity to individualise; contemplation, tranquillity of mind (see on term Cpd. 16, 1785, 237, 240) S.V, 21, 197, 269 (cittassa); A.I, 36; IV, 40; Dhs.11 (cittassa); Vism.84. —aṅga a part, divisioh, some‹-› thing belonging to J.III, 308; Ud.69. —aṅgaṇa one (clear) space J.II, 357. —āgārika a thief, robber D.I, 52, 166; A.I, 154, 295; II, 206; III, 129; Nd1 416; Nd2 304 III, A. DA.I, 159 (= ekam eva gharaṃ parivāretvā vilumpanaṃ DA.I, 159). —āyana leading to one goal, direct way or “leading to the goal as the one & only way (magga) M.I, 63; S.V, 167, 185. —ārakkha having one protector or guardian D.III, 269; A.V, 29 sq. —ālopika = ekāgārika D.I, 166; A.I, 295; II, 206. —āsana sitting or living alone M.I, 437; Sn.718; Dh.305; J.V, 397; Miln.342; Vism.60 (expld. with reference to eating, viz. ekāsane bhojanaṃ ekāsanaṃ, perhaps comparing āsana with asana2. The foll. °āsanika is ibid. expld. as “taṃ sīlam assā ti ekāsaniko”). —āsanika one who keeps to himself Miln.20, 216; Vism.69. —âha one day M.I, 88; usually in cpd. ekâhadvîhaṃ one or two days J.I, 255; DhA.I, 391. —âhika of or for one day D.I, 166. —uttarika(-nikāya) is another title for Aṅguttarika-nikāya Miln.392. —ūna one less, minus one, usually as 1st part of a numeral cpd., like °vīsati (20—1 = 19) DhA.I, 4; °paññāsa (49) J.III, 220; °saṭṭhi (59) DhA.III, 412; °pañcasatā (499) DhA.II, 204. See ūna. —eka one by one, each, severally, one to each D.II, 18 (°loma); III, 144 (id.), 157; J.I, 222; DhA.I, 101 (ekekassa no ekekaṃ māsaṃ one month for each of us); II, 114; VvA.256; PvA.42, 43. —ghana compact, solid, hard Dh.81. —cara wandering or living alone, solitary S.I, 16; Sn.166, 451; Dh.37. —cariyā walking alone, solitude Dh.61; Sn.820. —cārin = °cara Miln.105. —cittakkhaṇika of the duration of one thought Vism.138. —cintin “thinking one thing (only)”, simple Miln.92. —thūpa (all) in one heap, mixed up, together J.V, 17 (= sūkarapotakā viya C.). —doṇikā(-nāvā) a trough-shaped canoe with an outrigger J.VI, 305. —paṭalika having a single sole (of sandals, upāhanā) Vism.125. —paṭṭa single cloth (cp. dupaṭṭa) Vism.109. —padika(-magga) a small (lit. for one foot) foot-path J.I, 315; V, 491. —pala one carat worth (see pala) Vism.339. —passayika is to be read ek’apassayika (see under apa°). —pahārena all at once Vism.418; DhsA.333. —piṭaka knowing one Piṭaka Vism.62. —puttika having only one son KhA 237. —purisika (itthi) (a woman) true to one man J.I, 290. —pokkhara a sort of drum J.VI, 21, 580 (C. explns. by ek-akkhi-bherī). —bījin having only one (more) seed, i.e. destined to be reborn only once S.V, 205; A.I, 233; IV, 380; Nett 189. —bhattika having one meal a day A.I, 212; III, 216; J.I, 91. —bhattakinī a woman true to one husband J.III, 63. —rajja sole sovereignty Dh.178; PvA.74. —rājā universal king J.I, 47 (of the Sun). —vāciya a single remark or objection J.II, 353. —vāraṃ once J.I, 292; °vārena id. DhA.I, 10. —sadisa fully alike or resembling, identical J.I, 291. —sama equal J.VI, 261. —sāṭa & sāṭaka having a single vestment, a “one-rober” S.I, 78 (°ka); Ud.65. (Page 159)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

ēka (एक).—a (S) One. 2 One, single, alone, solitary. 3 One indefinitely, some one, some person. 4 One particularly or preëminently. Ex. ēka vīra, ēka kārabhārī, ēka śāhaṇā, ēka sōdā, ēka labāḍa, ēka śinaḷa An unrivalled hero, minister &c.; an arrant scamp, liar &c. 5 One, alike, identical; the same thing. Pr. tumhī āmhī ēka kaṇṭhāḷēsa mēkha. 6 One, noting excess or continuousness. Ex. ēka pāūsa One unremitting rain; ēka raḍa One unpausing cry or wail; ēka ghōḷa, ēka gōndhaḷa, ēka gajaba, ēka māra, ēka anartha &c. 7 (Used with words expressing quantity or number.) About, near, more or less. Ex. ēthūna kōsa ēka bhara samudra āhē; śambhara ēka rupayē śilaka asatīla; śēra ēka, maṇa ēka, pāñca ēka, vīsa ēka. 8 One, ever one, unvaryingly the same. Ex. tumhī thōra tumacēṃ vacana ēka asāvēṃ. 9 Other, different, distinct, not the same. Ex. hēṃ auṣadha ēka tēṃ ēka ēkasārikhā guṇa kasā yēīla; kēlēṃ ēka āṇa jhālēṃ ēka, karāvayālā jāvēṃ ēka āṇa hōtēṃ ēka. 10 Words are compounded ad libitum: the most useful follow in order. āpalyā ṭhikāṇīṃ ēka mhaṇaviṇēṃ To maintain some regard or estimation of self; to hold or to assert one's self to be somebody. ēka asaṇēṃ-hōṇēṃ-paḍaṇēṃ To be in concert or agreement. ēka dharūna basaṇēṃ To hold obstinately to one.

--- OR ---

ēkā (एका).—m The ace at cards. 2 A time or measure of music.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ēka (एक).—a One. One, single, alone. Some one. Alike, identical. About, near. Ex. śambhara ēka rūpayē śillaka asatīla. ēka-ēka one. another, different, distinct. ēka dharūna basaṇēṃ Hold obstinately to one. ēka hōṇēṃ- asaṇēṃ Be in concert or agreement.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Eka (एक).—pron. a. [i-kan]

1) One, single, alone, only; वायुर्यथैको भुवनं प्रविष्टो (vāyuryathaiko bhuvanaṃ praviṣṭo) ... एकस्तथा (ekastathā) ... Kaṭh. Up.2.5.1. Mb.4.49.5,6; बलिभिर्मुखमाक्रान्तं पलितैरङ्कितं शिरः । गात्राणि शिथिलायन्ते तृष्णैका तरुणायते (balibhirmukhamākrāntaṃ palitairaṅkitaṃ śiraḥ | gātrāṇi śithilāyante tṛṣṇaikā taruṇāyate) || Bh.3.14.

2) Not accompanied by anyone; एकः संप्रति नाशितप्रियतमस्तामद्य रामः कथम् (ekaḥ saṃprati nāśitapriyatamastāmadya rāmaḥ katham) U.2.28.

3) The same, one and the same, identical;. एकान्वयो मम (ekānvayo mama) Ś.7; मनस्येकं वचस्येकं कर्मण्येकं महात्मनाम् (manasyekaṃ vacasyekaṃ karmaṇyekaṃ mahātmanām) H.1.197.

4) Firm, unchanged; एको ग्रहस्तु (eko grahastu) Pt.1.26.

5) Single of its kind, unique, singular.

6) Chief, supreme, prominent, sole; ब्राह्मण्यास्तद्धरेत्पुत्र एकांशं वै पितुर्धनात् (brāhmaṇyāstaddharetputra ekāṃśaṃ vai piturdhanāt) Mb.13.47.11. °पार्थिव, °धनुर्धरः, °ऐश्वर्य (pārthiva, °dhanurdharaḥ, °aiśvarya) M.1.1 sole sovereignty; एको रागिषु राजते (eko rāgiṣu rājate) Bh.3.121.

7) Peerless, matchless.

8) One of two or many; Me.3. एकः सख्यास्तव सह मया वामपादाभिलाषी (ekaḥ sakhyāstava saha mayā vāmapādābhilāṣī) Me.8.

9) Oft. used like the English indefinite article 'a', or 'an'; ज्योतिरेकम् (jyotirekam) Ś.5.3.

1) True.

11) Little. Oft. used in the middle of comp. in the sense of 'only', with an adjectival or adverbial force; दोषैकदृक् (doṣaikadṛk) looking only to faults; त्वदेकेषु (tvadekeṣu) Ku.3.15 your arrow only; so भोगैकबद्धस्पृहः (bhogaikabaddhaspṛhaḥ). एकः-अन्यः (ekaḥ-anyaḥ), or अपरः (aparaḥ) the onethe other; अजामेकां लोहित (ajāmekāṃ lohita) ... नमामः । अजो ह्येको (namāmaḥ | ajo hyeko) ... अजोन्यः (ajonyaḥ) Śvet. Up.4.5; it is used in the plural in the sense of some, its correlative being अन्ये (anye) or अपरे (apare) (others); एके समूहुर्बलरेणुसंहतिं शिरोभिराज्ञामपरे महीभृतः (eke samūhurbalareṇusaṃhatiṃ śirobhirājñāmapare mahībhṛtaḥ) || Śi.12.45; see अन्य, अपर (anya, apara) also.

-kaḥ Name of Viṣṇu. the ऴ ()Supreme Being or Prajāpati; एक इति च प्रजापतेरभिधानमिति (eka iti ca prajāpaterabhidhānamiti) | ŚB. on MS. 1.3.13. (-kam) 1 The mind; एकं विनिन्ये स जुगोप सप्त सप्तैव तत्याज ररक्ष पञ्च (ekaṃ vininye sa jugopa sapta saptaiva tatyāja rarakṣa pañca) Bu. Ch.2.41.

2) unity, a unit; Hch.

-kā Name of Durgā. [cf. Persian yak; L. aequus].

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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