Cintana, Cintanā, Cimtana: 17 definitions


Cintana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chintana.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Cintana (चिन्तन) refers to “meditation”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī performed her penance: “[...] Since she, the daughter of Himavat, eschewed leaves from her diet she was called Aparṇā by the gods. Then Pārvatī performed great penance standing on one leg and remembering Śiva, she continued muttering the five-syllabled mantra. Clad in barks of trees, wearing matted hair and eager in the meditation of Śiva [i.e., śiva-cintana-saṃsakta], she surpassed even sages by her penance. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Cintana in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Cintana (चिन्तन) refers to “that which happens at will”, according to the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] [Now], I shall define the nature of that highest, mind-free absorption which arises for those devoted to constant practice. [...] Then, by means of an absorption for a period of thirteen days, the best of Yogins attains most wonderously the Siddhi of moving in the ether at will (cintana). [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Cintana (चिन्तन) refers to “contemplating”, according to Pūjyapāda’s Sarvārthasiddhi.—Accordingly, “[...] Even with renunciation of worldly pleasures, meditation accompanied by austerities, propagation of true faith, and auspicious death are rare. If these are achieved, then the attainment of enlightenment has borne fruit. By contemplating (cintanacintanaṃ bodhidurlabhānuprekṣā) on the difficulty in attaining true faith, one does not become negligent after attaining this rare jewel”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cintana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cintana : (f.) thinking; thought; consideration.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cintana, (nt.)=cintā Th.1, 695; Miln.233. (Page 268)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cintana (चिंतन).—n (S) Thinking, considering, pondering, reflecting; planning or devising; musing or meditating.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cintana (चिंतन).—n Thinking, pondering; planning.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cintana (चिन्तन) or Cintanā (चिन्तना).—[cint-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Thinking, thinking of, having an idea of; मनसाऽनिष्टचिन्तनम् (manasā'niṣṭacintanam) Manusmṛti 12.5.

2) Thought, reflection.

3) Anxious thought.

Derivable forms: cintanam (चिन्तनम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cintana (चिन्तन).—[cint + ana], n. 1. Thinking, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 5. 2. Way of thinking, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 200.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cintana (चिन्तन).—[neuter] thinking of, consideration, reflection; care for ([genetive] or —°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cintana (चिन्तन):—[from cint] n. thinking, thinking of. reflecting upon

2) [v.s. ...] anxious thought, [Manu-smṛti xii, 5; Mahābhārata; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī v, 205; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] consideration, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha x;xii, 6ff.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cintana (चिन्तन) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ciṃtaṇa, Ciṃtaṇā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Cintana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Ciṃtaṇa (चिंतण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Cintana.

2) Ciṃtaṇā (चिंतणा) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Cintanā.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ciṃtana (ಚಿಂತನ):—[noun] = ಚಿಂತನೆ [cimtane].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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