Ciraka, Cīraka, Cirāka: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Ciraka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chiraka.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Cīraka (चीरक).—A place of habitation in ancient India. Once Karṇa conquered this land and from then onwards they started paying tribute to Duryodhana. (Śloka 19, Chapter 8, Karṇa Parva).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (tantric Buddhism)

Cīraka (चीरक) refers to “hair-braids”, according to the Nāmamantrārthāvalokinī by Vilāsavajra, which is a commentary on the Nāmasaṃgīti.—Accordingly, [while describing Ādibuddha]—“[...] [The Ādibuddha] has five faces. [He also] has five crests (pañcan-śikha)—in other words, five hair-braids (pañcan-cīraka). It is through tying up those [hair-braids that he] has a crown of five hair-braids. [His five faces] have five [different] colours: dark blue for the east [and forward-facing face], yellow for the south, red for the west, [and] green for the north. [...]”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

cīraka : (nt) fibre; a strip; a bark dress.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Cīraka, (cp. cīra) 1. bark (see cpds.) — 2. a strip, in suvaṇṇa° gold brocade (dress) J.V, 197.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ciraka (चिरक).—f P Nausea, disgust, distaste.

--- OR ---

cirakā (चिरका).—a (ciraṇēṃ) That splits or slits easily; or that is brittle--wood. 2 Slit, cracked, fissured--wood or stone.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ciraka (चिरक).—f Nausea, disgust.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cīraka (चीरक).—

1) A manner of writing, see चीर (cīra) above.

2) eye-fly (Mar. keṃbareṃ); क्रौञ्चो जीवति वर्षं तु ततो जायति चीरकः (krauñco jīvati varṣaṃ tu tato jāyati cīrakaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.111.88.

Derivable forms: cīrakaḥ (चीरकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Cīraka (चीरक).—m. or nt. (in meaning 1 = Pali id., Sanskrit cīra), (1) strip, primarily of cloth, bark, or the like: °ka-vadhrāṇi, here of strips of flesh, Mahāvastu i.19.9 (prose); of either cloth or bark garments, i.19.11 (prose), see vārṣikā; (2) in (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa, lock or braid of hair, artificially arranged (compared to a strip) = Tibetan (skra, hair) zur phud (hair-knot), Lalou, Iconographie 66 f. (but I do not think, with Lalou, that this or any [compound] ever refers to a diadem); Mañjuśrī's head is adorned with five such, but some passages suggest that in this he was like an ordinary youth in festive garb, sarvabālālaṃkārabhūṣitaḥ (ed. °ta-) pañcacīrakopaśo- bhitaḥ (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 41.24; pañcacīrakopaśobbhita-(text °taṃ) [Page231-b+ 71] śiraṃ bāladārakālaṃkārālaṃkṛtaṃ 305.6; (kumārākāra- cihnitaḥ) pañcacīrakamūrdhāno 436.3; note especially pañcacīrakopaśobhitaṃ ekacīrakopaśobhitaṃ śikhopaśo- bhita-śiraskaṃ (so read for text °bhitaṃ aśiraskaṃ!) vā rājaputraṃ mūrdhābhiṣiktaṃ kṣatriyaputraṃ vā…49.13 (the youth symbolizes Mañjuśrī, compare 49.16 f.); Mañjuśrī is pañcacīrakopaśobhitaḥ 41.24; with more specific reference to his head, pañcacīrakaśiraskaḥ 62.8; similarly 68.16; 75.14; (3) also in (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa, cīraka-mudrā is a position of the two hands, interlocked, in which one index finger is made to project (muktvā) between the two thumbs, so that it resembles a hair-braid: (anyonyasaktāṅgulimuṣṭayoḥ pra- deśinīṃ muktvā aṅguṣṭhayugalaṃ [probably read °la-]madh- yataḥ, eṣā sā Mañjuśrīḥ) tvadīyā aparā cīraka-mudrā 382.(15—)17; probably this is alluded to by ekacīrakam (sc. mudram; see s.v. mudra) 355.27, also sacred to Mañjuśrī; its description in 382.15 ff. occurs in a list of mudrās the names of which refer (presumably because of their shape) to various parts of Mañjuśrī's body, e.g. tvadīyā vak- tramudrā 382.11, etc. (note especially 383.1 ff. śravaṇo grīvā bhujau etc., without specific descriptions).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cīrakā (चीरका):—[from cīra] f. a public announcement on a slip of paper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Cīraka (चीरक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Cīraga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ciraka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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