Candrasena, aka: Candrasenā; 5 Definition(s)
Candrasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chandrasena.
Candrasenā (चन्द्रसेना) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Candrasenā) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
1) Candrasena (चन्द्रसेन).—A king of Siṃhala deśa (Ceylon). Candrasena had two daughters, Mandodarī and Indumatī by his wife Guṇavatī. Kambugrīva, son of Sudhanvā, the chief of Mādra desired to marry Mandodarī. But, since she preferred unmarried life Kambugrīva’s desire did not fructify. Some time later she refused to marry another suitor also, King Vīrasena of Kosala. Meanwhile the marriage of her younger sister, Indumatī was celebrated, herself having selected Sudeṣṇa, the Mādra prince at the Svayaṃvara as husband. Though a handsome person Sudeṣṇa was a philanderer, and one day Indumatī saw him in bed with her maid-servant. From that day onwards, cutting asunder all marital relationship with Sudeṣṇa, Indumatī went and stayed with her father. This story told by Mahiṣāsura to show that women possess only very little discretion occurs in the Pañcama Skandha of Devībhāgavata.
2) Candrasena (चन्द्रसेन).—A king of Ujjayanī and a great devotee of Śiva. As he performed great sacrifices and gave away money and materials in gift to those who prayed for them, an attendant of Śiva called Maṇibhadra once gave him a gem, which possessed supernatural powers. Attracted by the lustre and glare of the gem many kings wanted to purchase it. But Candrasena refused to sell it. Much incensed at the refusal, the enemy kings set out to fight Candrasena, who then took refuge in the Mahākāla temple in Ujjayanī the idol installed in which was Śivaliṅga. Lord Śiva then appeared to him and granted him salvation. (Śiva Purāṇa, Śanipradoṣamāhātmyam).
3) Candrasena (चन्द्रसेन).—The Mahābhārata refers to another Candrasena, son of Samudrasena, King of Bengal. He was present at the svayaṃvara of Pāñcālī. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 185, Verse 11). Bhīmasena once defeated Candrasena and his father in fight. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 30, Verse 24). After that Candrasena became a supporter of the Pāṇḍavas. It is stated in Droṇa Parva that in the great war Candrasena fought from a chariot drawn by horses as white as Candra (moon) and got killed by Aśvatthāmā.
4) Candrasena (चन्द्रसेन).—Another Candrasena, a partisan of the Kauravas, is referred to in the Bhārata as having fought against the Pāṇḍavas. His duty was to guard the chariot wheels of Śalya; he was killed by Yudhiṣṭhira. (Śalya Parva, Chapter 12, Verse 52).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Candrasena (चन्द्रसेन).—A mind-born mother.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 26.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Candrasena (चन्द्रसेन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.27.22) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Candrasena) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Jainism)
Candrasena (चन्द्रसेन) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Candrasena] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
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Search found 4 books and stories containing Candrasena or Candrasenā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 17 - The greatness of Jyotirliṅga Mahākāla < [Section 4 - Koṭirudra-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 25 - Prayer by the gods < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Harsha-charita (by Bāṇabhaṭṭa)