Lilavati, aka: Līlāvatī, Lila-vati; 10 Definition(s)


Lilavati means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Lilavati in Shaktism glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

Līlāvatī (लीलावती):—Second wive of king Dhruvasandhi (son of Puṣpa) of the Solar Dynasty. Līlāvatī gave birth to the beautiful child named Satrujit. See the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 3.14 (The glories of Devī).

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Lilavati in Purana glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

1) Līlāvatī (लीलावती).—Wife of Dhruvasandhi, King of Kosala. (For details see under Dhruvasandhi)

2) Līlāvatī (लीलावती).—A prostitute who attained Svarga by simply observing the Śuklāṣṭamīvrata in the month of Proṣṭhapada in which was born Rādhādevī. Chapter seven, Brahmakhaṇḍa of Padma Purāṇa contains the following story.

2) In times of old in Kṛtayuga there was a beautiful prostitute of the name Līlāvatī. Once she went away from her own town to another in search of better prospects. There she saw a big assemblage of people in a temple. They were observing Rādhāṣṭamīvrata and worshipping their deity with scented flowers and incense of sweet fragrance. Some were reciting prayers, some were singing and yet others were dancing. The whole atmosphere was filled with devotion. Līlāvatī went to them and enquired about it. They told her that that day was the birthday of Rādhādevī, the Śuklāṣṭamī of the month of Proṣṭhapada, and if anyone observed Vrata on that day worshipping Rādhādevī he would be absolved of all sins.

2) On hearing that, Līlāvati decided to observe the Vrata. She joined the devotees of the temple and observed the Vrata with great devotion. Soon she died of snake-bite and the servants of Yama came to take her soul to hell because of the sins she had committed as a prostitute. But before the Yamadūtas could touch her, Pārṣadas of Mahāviṣṇu wearing the insignia of Śaṅkha, Cakra, Gadā and Padma came to her with a chariot drawn by kingly swans and took her to heaven.

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Līlāvatī (लीलावती).—The courtesan who had faith in Śiva and who did the dāna of Lavaṇācala and gained heaven.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 92. 23.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Lilavati in Chandas glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

Līlāvatī (लीलावती).—Legend says Bhāskarācārya II (b. 1115 C.E.) composed the Līlāvatī work at the instance of his daughter Līlāvatī. Līlāvatī, which can be a work on Indian Mathematics, deals with many aspects of mathematics compared with modern mathematics as well. It shows the Indian knowledge system of ancient time on calculation. At the end of its first chapter Bhāskarācārya discusses about permutation of metres and gives examples of anuṣṭup and gāyatrī. Bhāskarācārya gives method of calculation of these metres, as an instance for other metres. for other metres.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Lilavati in Katha glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

Līlāvatī (लीलावती) is the wife of the Asura Maya and the mother of Sunītha, who was later born as king Candraprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 45. Accordingly, “... there [in the fourth underworld], on a pillar composed of jewels, adorned with every luxury, they beheld that mother of Sunītha, the wife of Maya, by name Līlāvatī, surpassing in beauty the nymphs of heaven, surrounded with Asura maidens, and adorned with all ornaments. The moment she beheld that Sunītha, she rose up in a state of excitement, and Sunītha, after saluting her, fell at her feet”.

The story of Līlāvatī and Maya was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Līlāvatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Lilavati in Theravada glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

1. Lilavati. A Cola Princess, daughter of Jagatipala. She escaped with her father to Ceylon, where she became the queen of Vijayabahu I. Cv.lix.24f.

2. Lilavati. Daughter of Viravamma and Yasodhara, the latter being the daughter of Vijayabahu I. and his queen Lilavati. She married Vikkamabahu. Cv.lix. 28, 50. See Vikkamabahu (2).

3. Lilavati. Daughter of Sirivallabha and Sugala and sister of Manabharana (Cv.lxii.2). She was the first queen of Parakkamabahu I., and after his death, she ruled over Ceylon for three years (1197 1200 A.C.), with the help of the general Kitti, till she was expelled by Sahasamalla. Then she reigned again for one year, this time with the help of Vikkantacamunakka. Lokissara deposed her and ruled for nine months, when the general Parakkama once more restored Lilavati to the throne, which, this time, she occupied for about seven months. Cv.lxxx.31, 46, 50; also Cv.Trs.ii.131, n.5.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

1) Līlāvatī (लीलावती) is the name of a work on the topic of Medicine ascribed to Raghunātha Dāsa (C. 1680-1750 C.E), a celebrated author of Oḍiśā who composed many work in different disciplines of Sanskrit Literature. Also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXII. p. 206.

2) Līlāvatī (लीलावती) is the name of a work ascribed to Rāmapāṇivāda (18th Century): a scholar of multi discipline, who flourished in Kerala in the 18th Century. He was a prolific writer both in Sanskrit and Prakrit. Also see the “New Catalogus Catalogorum” XXIV. pp. 173-74.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Lilavati in Marathi glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

līlāvatī (लीलावती).—f (S) The name of a treatise upon gaṇita or arithmetic: hence arithmetic. 2 A sportive woman, a wanton, flirt, grig.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

līlāvatī (लीलावती).—f The name of a treatise upon gaṇita. A sportive woman.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Lilavati in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [L] · next »

Līlāvatī (लीलावती).—f. (-tī) A wanton or sportful woman. E. līlā, and matup affs.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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