Cakshu, Cakṣu: 15 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Cakshu means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Cakṣu can be transliterated into English as Caksu or Cakshu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakshu.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Cakṣu (चक्षु) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “eye”. It is one of the fourteen Adhyātma (pertaining to the body) mentioned in the Subālopaniṣad (fifth section). The corresponding Ādhibhūta (pertaining to the elements) is called draṣṭavya (visible elements) and the corresponding Adhidaivata (presiding deity) is āditya (the sun). Accordingly, “the nādis form their bond (or connect them). He who moves in the eye (cakṣu), in the visible (draṣṭavya), in the sun (āditya), in the nādis, in prāṇa, in vijñāna, in ānanda, in the ākāśa of the heart and within all else—That is Ātman. It is that which should be worshipped. It is without old age, death, fear, sorrow or end.”

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Cakṣu (चक्षु).—A son of Anu.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 23. 1; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 18. 1.

1b) A Tuṣita.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 3. 19; Vāyu-purāṇa 66. 18.

1c) A son of Śiṣṭa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 4. 39.

1d) A Marut gaṇa.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 52.

1e) A R. from the Himālayas.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 27; 18. 22.

1f) A branch of the Gangā, descending Malayavatī and traversing the continent of Ketumāla, enters the western sea; flows through the countries of Cīnamaru, Tālā, Masamūlika, Bhadra, Tuṣāras, Lāmyaka, Bāhlava, Pāraṭa and Khaśa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 17. 5 and 7; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 41, 46-7; Matsya-purāṇa 121. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 39, 44; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 2. 34, 37; 8. 113.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Caksu (चक्सु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIV.14.25, XIV.14) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Caksu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Cakṣu (चक्षु, “eye”) refers to one of the twelve effects of āya (“profit”), according to the Mānasāra. Āya is the first of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular āya (e.g., cakṣu) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The twelve effects of āya may all be assumed as auspicious.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: DLMBS: Buddhānusmṛti

cakṣu [cakkhu] an eye, vision. Five kinds of vision (eyes) are mentioned in the Buddhist tradition.

  1. the human or physical vision, māṃsa-cakṣu [maṃsa-cakkhu];
  2. the deva vision: divya-cakṣu [dibba-cakkhu], that is, the unlimited vision or the vision that sees everything in the hidden worlds;
  3. the wisdom vision: prajñā-cakṣu [paññā-cakkhu], the vision of perfect understanding, that is, the knowledge of all that can be known and knowing that all things are unreal;
  4. the dharma vision: dharma-cakṣu [dhamma-cakkhu] that is the vision that enters everything to see the truth that makes men free from the cycle of birth and death;
  5. the Buddha vision: buddha cakṣu [buddha cakkhu], that is, the vision of a Buddha; the omniscient that can comprehend the spiritual state of a human being.

There is also a mention of the vision of all-round knowledge -- the samanta cakṣu [samanta-cakkhu]. It is the vision of the perfected one, mostly of the Tathāgata. Except the physical vision, others can be said to be spiritual qualities.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Cakṣu (चक्षु, “eye”) or cakṣvindriya refers to one of the “five sense-organs” (pañcendriya), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.19. What is the meaning of eye sense organ? The sense organ used by its owner for seeing an object of knowledge is called eyes sense organ (cakṣu-indriya).

The respective object of seeing (cakṣu) is colour (varṇa). What is the meaning of colour? Cognition which results by seeing the object of knowledge is called colour.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cakṣu (चक्षु).—n (S) An eye. Pr. cakṣarvaisatyaṃ What one sees is true; seeing is believing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

cakṣu (चक्षु).—n An eye. cakṣurvai satyaṃ What one sees is true; seeing is believing. cakṣurindriya n The sense of sight.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cakṣu (चक्षु).—m. or n. Ved. The eye.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Cakṣu (चक्षु).—[masculine] eye.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Cakṣu (चक्षु):—[from cakṣ] m. the eye, [Ṛg-veda x, 90, 13]

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc. [Atharva-veda iv, 20, 5])

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a prince, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] (for vakṣu?) the Oxus river, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 2, 32 and 35; 8, 114; Golādhyāya iii, 38.]

5) Cakṣū (चक्षू):—[from cakṣ] in [compound] for kṣus.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Cakṣu (चक्षु):—

--- OR ---

Cakṣu (चक्षु):—

3) fehlerhaft für vakṣu Oxus; vgl. [KERN] in [Weber’s Indische Studien 10, 212.]

--- OR ---

Cakṣu (चक्षु):—

2)

3) aus dem Text des [Viṣṇupurāṇa] auch nicht zu ersehen, ob cakṣu oder cakṣus . —

3) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 5, 17, 7] cakṣus nach dem Comm.; citirt wird diese Stelle im [Śabdakalpadruma] u. vaṅkṣu mit der Lesart vaṅkṣu .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Cakṣu (चक्षु):—m.

1) Auge.

2) Nomen proprium — a) eines Fürsten. — b) eines Flusses. Richtig vakṣu.

--- OR ---

Cakṣū (चक्षू):—Adv. mit kar.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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