Cakravala, Cakravāla, Cakra-vala: 11 definitions
Cakravala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Chakravala.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Cakravāla (चक्रवाल) refers to one of the ten kinds of yamaka, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. Yamaka is one of the four “figures of speech” (alaṃkāra), used when composing dramatic compositions (kāvya).
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Kavya (poetry)Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Cakravāla (चक्रवाल) is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Nirghāta, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly: “... when King Nirghāta saw that [the slaying of Harṣa, Pramātha, Kaṅkaṭa, and Viśāla, Pracaṇḍa and Aṅkurin], he was wroth, and attacked Cakravāla, and those two, Cakravāla and Nirghāta, fought for a long time, and at last they broke one another’s chariots to pieces and so became infantry soldiers, and the two, rushing furiously together, armed with sword and discus, cleft with sword-strokes one another’s heads and fell dead on the earth”.
The story of Cakravāla was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Cakravāla, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
cakravāla (चक्रवाल).—m S The sensible horizon. 2 A range of mountains supposed to encircle the earth.
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cakrāvaḷa (चक्रावळ).—f sometimes cakrāvāḷa f (cakra & vāḍha) Compound interest. 2 (cakra Wheel, āvali Line or row.) A series of rings of hair. An inauspicious mark of the horse.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
cakravāla (चक्रवाल).—m The sensible horizon.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) a ring, circle.
2) a collection, group, multitude, mass; कैरव- चक्रवालम् (kairava- cakravālam) Bh.2.74; प्रकटयसि कुमुच्चैरर्चिषां चक्रवालं (prakaṭayasi kumuccairarciṣāṃ cakravālaṃ) Rati.4.16; Mv.6.4; Mu.3.21.; K.126,178.
3) horizon. (-laḥ) 1 a mythical range of mountains supposed to encircle the orb of the earth like a wall and to be the limit of light and darkness.
2) the ruddy goose.
Derivable forms: cakravālaḥ (चक्रवालः), cakravālam (चक्रवालम्).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ) A range of mountains supposed to encircle the earth, and to be the limit of light and darkness. n.
(-laṃ) The sensible horizon. E. cakra a region, val to encompass, and aṇ affix; girding the world; or vāḍa to emerge, &c. affix ac what emerges (from darkness), in the shape of a wheel; ḍa changed to la also cakravāḍa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cakravāla (चक्रवाल).—see cakrabāla.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Cakravāla (चक्रवाल).—[neuter] orb, circle, troop, multitude.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Cakravāla (चक्रवाल):—[=cakra-vāla] [from cakra] n. ([from] -vāḍa) a circle, [Mahābhārata i, 7021 ff; Sūryaprajñapti]
2) [v.s. ...] = la-yamaka, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya x, 6 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
3) [v.s. ...] m. n. a mass, multitude, number, assemblage, [Mahābhārata i; Harivaṃśa 4098; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a mythical range of mountains (encircling the orb of the earth and being the limit of light and darkness), [Buddhist literature] : [Kāvyādarśa ii, 99] (lādri)
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) n. Kreis. —
2) m. n. Kreis , so v.a. Gruppe , Menge [Mahābhārata 1,187,17.20.] [Böhtlingk’s Sanskrit-Chresthomathie 299,22.325,17.] [Kād. (1872) 99,14.126,7.] —
3) m. Nomen proprium eines mythischen Gebirges , welches wie eines Mauer die als Scheibe gedachte Erde umgiebt. vālādri m. [KĀVYĀD.2,99.] —
4) n. = yamaka Comm. zu [Bhaṭṭikāvya 10,6.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+6): Samacakravala, Cakravalayamaka, Cakravada, Vishamacakravala, Cakrabala, Cakravakeya, Samsriticakravala, Mahacakravala, Cakravalatman, Dikcakravala, Lokantadri, Samsriti, Ashacakravala, Cakravala-giri, Samatricakravala, Vishkambhacakravala, Cakravalavritta, Vaḻa-giri, Lokaloka, Yamaka.
Search found 10 books and stories containing Cakravala, Cakravāla, Cakrāvaḷa, Cakrāvala, Cakra-vala, Cakra-vāla; (plurals include: Cakravalas, Cakravālas, Cakrāvaḷas, Cakrāvalas, valas, vālas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Chapter 78 - Thiruvarur or Tiruvarur (Hymn 37) < [Volume 3.6 - Pilgrim’s progress: away from Otriyur and Cankili]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 2 - Lokāntarikā (intermediate spaces between two worlds) < [Chapter XLVII - Praises made by the Buddhas]
Sutrakritanga (by Hermann Jacobi)