Cakravala, aka: Cakravāla, Cakra-vala; 6 Definition(s)


Cakravala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chakravala.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Cakravāla (चक्रवाल) refers to one of the ten kinds of yamaka, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. Yamaka is one of the four “figures of speech” (alaṃkāra), used when composing dramatic compositions (kāvya).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Katha (narrative stories)

Cakravala in Katha glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Cakravāla (चक्रवाल) is the name of a Vidyādhara who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side but was slain by Nirghāta, who participated in the war against Sūryaprabha, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 47. Accordingly: “... when King Nirghāta saw that [the slaying of Harṣa, Pramātha, Kaṅkaṭa, and Viśāla, Pracaṇḍa and Aṅkurin], he was wroth, and attacked Cakravāla, and those two, Cakravāla and Nirghāta, fought for a long time, and at last they broke one another’s chariots to pieces and so became infantry soldiers, and the two, rushing furiously together, armed with sword and discus, cleft with sword-strokes one another’s heads and fell dead on the earth”.

The story of Cakravāla was narrated by the Vidyādhara king Vajraprabha to prince Naravāhanadatta in order to relate how “Sūryaprabha, being a man, obtain of old time the sovereignty over the Vidyādharas”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Cakravāla, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Cakravala in Marathi glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

cakravāla (चक्रवाल).—m S The sensible horizon. 2 A range of mountains supposed to encircle the earth.

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cakrāvaḷa (चक्रावळ).—f sometimes cakrāvāḷa f (cakra & vāḍha) Compound interest. 2 (cakra Wheel, āvali Line or row.) A series of rings of hair. An inauspicious mark of the horse.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

cakravāla (चक्रवाल).—m The sensible horizon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cakravala in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Cakravāla (चक्रवाल).—

1) a ring, circle.

2) a collection, group, multitude, mass; कैरव- चक्रवालम् (kairava- cakravālam) Bh.2.74; प्रकटयसि कुमुच्चैरर्चिषां चक्रवालं (prakaṭayasi kumuccairarciṣāṃ cakravālaṃ) Rati.4.16; Mv.6.4; Mu.3.21.; K.126,178.

3) horizon. (-laḥ) 1 a mythical range of mountains supposed to encircle the orb of the earth like a wall and to be the limit of light and darkness.

2) the ruddy goose.

Derivable forms: cakravālaḥ (चक्रवालः), cakravālam (चक्रवालम्).

Cakravāla is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms cakra and vāla (वाल). See also (synonyms): cakrabāla, cakrabāḍa, cakravāḍa.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Cakravāla (चक्रवाल).—m.

(-laḥ) A range of mountains supposed to encircle the earth, and to be the limit of light and darkness. n.

(-laṃ) The sensible horizon. E. cakra a region, val to encompass, and aṇ affix; girding the world; or vāḍa to emerge, &c. affix ac what emerges (from darkness), in the shape of a wheel; ḍa changed to la also cakravāḍa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Cakra (चक्र) refers to a “discus” and represents one of the items held in the right hand of Her...
Kālacakra (कालचक्र) refers to the “wheel of time” situated beyond the fifty-six worlds ending w...
Vala (वल).—[, so Lefm with most mss., and Calc. bala, in LV 429.22 (prose)-nagnavalānupradāna-,...
Dharmacakra (धर्मचक्र) refers to the “Wheel of Dharma”, according to an appendix at the 2nd cen...
Cakravāka (चक्रवाक, “cakra bird”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (anim...
Cakravartin (चक्रवर्तिन्).—(1) n. of one of the Uṣṇīṣa-rājānaḥ (see uṣṇīṣa 3): Mmk 41.10; (2) ...
Cakravyūha (चक्रव्यूह).—m. (-haḥ) The circular array of troops. E. cakra and vyūha array.
Ekacakra (एकचक्र).—m. (-kraḥ) The name of a city: see harigṛha. E. eka, cakra a circle.
Cakravāṭa (चक्रवाट).—m. (-ṭaḥ) 1. Limit, boundary. 2. A lamp stand. 3. Engaging in any action. ...
Cakravṛddhi (चक्रवृद्धि).—f. (-ddhiḥ) Compound interest. E. cakra a wheel, vṛddhi increase.
Cakreśvarī (चक्रेश्वरी).—f. (-rī) A female deity peculiar to the Jainas, one of their Vidya Dev...
Cakradhara (चक्रधर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) Having a wheel, &c. m. (-raḥ) 1. A village or commo...
Śrīcakra (श्रीचक्र).—n. (-kraṃ) 1. A magical diagram. 2. An astrological division of the body, ...
Rāśicakra (राशिचक्र).—n. (-kraṃ) The zodiac. E. rāśi, a sign, and cakra a wheel or circle.
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