Rashmi, Raśmi, Rasmi, Raśmī: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Rashmi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Raśmi and Raśmī can be transliterated into English as Rasmi or Rashmi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Raśmi (रश्मि) is a Sanskrit technical term referring the “reins” of a chariot (yāna). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.291-292)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Raśmi (रश्मि).—One of the 20 Sutapa gaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 15.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Raśmi (रश्मि) refers to the “rays of (the sun)”, according to the Devīpañcaśataka, an important source of the Kālīkrama that developed in Kashmir after the Kālī Mata of the Jayadrathayāmala.—Accordingly, “The permutation (of the Transmental) is said to be the Light that precedes the mistress of the Wheel of Rays [i.e., puñjacakra-īśī] (of divine consciousness). [...] (That light) is not the moon, (or) the light of the stars; it is not the light of the rays of (the sun), the lord of the sky [i.e., vyomeśa-raśmi-bhā], nor is it the brilliance of lightning—nor is it like the beautiful sun (of energy). That Light (bhāsā) is seen in the belly (of consciousness) with the eye of knowledge, that is, in the eye on the path of opening (unmeṣa). She is not seen otherwise. All (things) shine due to her: Fire, Moon, Sun and stars. As the division of Sun and Moon, she bestows the plane of oneness. Thus she is the aggregate (kula) of rays and, ferocious, she is the Supreme One (Parā) who has reached the final end of Kula and devours duality with the Yoga of the Fire of (Universal) Destruction.”.—(Cf. Puñjacakra).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Raśmi (रश्मि) or Raśmiketu refers to a particular type of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).— Accordingly, “Raśmi Ketu is a comet possessing a tail slightly coloured like smoke; it appears in the constellation of Kṛttikā. The effects are the same as those assigned to Sveta Ketu. Dhruva Ketu is a comet possessing no fixed course, colour or shape and appears anywhere in the heavens, in the sky and on Earth. When it appears glossy, mankind will be happy. To those whose death might be near this Ketu appears in the several divisions of the King’s army, in houses, in trees, in hills and in household utensils”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Raśmi (रश्मि) refers to the “rays (of the sun)”, according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “The sphere of the sun is at the base of the Central Channel, complete with twelve digits, shining with its rays (sva-raśmi). The lord of creatures (Prajāpati), of intense appearance, travels upwards on the right. Staying in the pathways in the spaces in the channels it pervades the entire body. The sun consumes the lunar secretion, wanders in the sphere of the wind and burns up all the bodily constituents in all bodies”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Raśmi (रश्मि) is not rarely found in the sense of ‘rope’ generally; but more usually it denotes either the ‘reins’ or the ‘traces’ of a chariot, either sense being equally good in most passages.

2) Raśmi (रश्मि) in the Rigveda and later regularly denotes a ‘ray’ of the sun.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Raśmi (रश्मि, “rays”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), there are occasions (samaya) when the Buddha emits great rays (raśmi) and manifests his great miraculous power (ṛddhibala): when he attains bodhi, when he turns the wheel of Dharma (dharmacakra), when a great assembly of Devas and Āryas gathers, when he astounds the heretics (tīrthika). He emits great rays on all these occasions. Indeed, it is in order to manifest his superiority (viśeṣa) that he emits great rays, so that all the beings of the ten directions, human and divine, so that all the Arhats, Pratyekabuddhas and Bodhisattvas might know him by sight. This is why he enters into the samādhirājasamādhi.

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Raśmi (रश्मि) refers to the “infinite rays”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “The great vehicle (mahāyāna) is made with four wheels (cakra), namely with the means of attraction, the spokes (ara) are well fitted as the roots of good have been transformed with intention, [...] has the pure and wide light of infinite rays (raśmi) so that it can illuminate the ten directions, is always filled with flowers because the rain of flowers (puṣpavarṣa), namely the limbs of awakening (bodhyaṅga), continually pours down, is equipped with musical instruments which always produce the sound of dharma (dharmasvara), [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Raśmi (रश्मि) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Raśmi).

2) Raśmī (रश्मी) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Raśmi.—(IE 7-1-2), probably confused with śīta-raśmi and used to indicate ‘one’. Note: raśmi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rasmi : (f.) a cord; a rein; ray of light.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rasmi, see raṃsi. (Page 567)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raśmi (रश्मि).—m S A ray of light.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

raśmi (रश्मि).—m A ray of light.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).—[aś-mi dhāto ruṭ, raś-mi vā; cf. Uṇādi-sūtra 4.46]

1) A string, cord, rope; अपतद्देवराजस्य मुक्तरश्मिरिव ध्वजः (apataddevarājasya muktaraśmiriva dhvajaḥ) Rām.4.17.2.

2) A bridle, rein; मुक्तेषु रश्मिषु निरायतपूर्व- कायाः (mukteṣu raśmiṣu nirāyatapūrva- kāyāḥ) Ś.1.8; रश्मिसंयमनात् (raśmisaṃyamanāt) Ś.1; Kirātārjunīya 7.19.

3) A goad, whip.

4) A beam, ray of light; ज्योतीषि वर्तयति च प्रवि- भक्तरश्मिः (jyotīṣi vartayati ca pravi- bhaktaraśmiḥ) Ś.7.6; N.22.56; so हिमरश्मि (himaraśmi) &c.

5) An eyelash.

6) A measuring cord; परि यो रश्मिना दिवो (pari yo raśminā divo) Ṛv.8. 25.18.

7) A finger (Ved.).

Derivable forms: raśmiḥ (रश्मिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).—f. (in Sanskrit m. except Ch. U. 8.6.2 etā… raśmayaḥ, em. Boehtl. ete; but in Pali f. forms, such as rasmiyo n.-acc. pl., are not rare), ray: sā hi raśmir Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 24.1 (verse); raśmiś cacāra, sā sarvā…Lalitavistara 3.14, and tasyā… raśmyā(ḥ, abl.) 4.6 (both prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).—m.

(-śmiḥ) 1. A ray of light. 2. A rein, a bridle. 3. An eye-lash. E. to pervade, Unadi aff. mi, raśa substituted for the radical.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).— (i. e. raś + mi; with raś cf. probably [Latin] laqueus, cf. rasanā), m. 1. A rein, [Nala] 19, 22. 2. A ray of light, [Pañcatantra] 162, 11. 3. An eyelash.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).—[masculine] ([feminine]) line, cord, trace, rein, whip, measuring rope; ray or beam of light.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raśmi (रश्मि):—m. (exceptionally f.; cf. raśanā and, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 46]) a string, rope, cord, trace, rein, bridle, leash, goad, whip (also [figuratively] applied to the fingers), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a measuring cord, [Ṛg-veda viii, 25, 18]

3) a ray of light, beam, splendour, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) = anna, food, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xv, 16]

5) = pakṣa, or pakṣman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि):—(śmiḥ) 2. m. A ray of light; a rein; an eyelash.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Raśmi (रश्मि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Rassi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rashmi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Raśmi (रश्मि):—(nf) a ray; ~[mālī] the sun.

2) Rasmī (रस्मी):—(a) formal, ceremonial; related with or conforming to a ritual; —[tāllukāta] formal relations; -[taura para] formally, formally speaking.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Raśmi (ರಶ್ಮಿ):—

1) [noun] a ray of light.

2) [noun] great luster or brightness; brilliance.

3) [noun] a narrow strap of leather attached to each end of the bit in the mouth of a horse, and held by the rider or driver to control the animal; reins.

4) [noun] a rope; a cord; a string.

5) [noun] the eye-lash.

6) [noun] a stick or rod for poking; a goad.

7) [noun] an instrument with a handle and a flexible lash that is used for whipping; a whip.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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