Rashmi, Raśmi, Rasmi, Raśmī: 16 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Rashmi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Raśmi and Raśmī can be transliterated into English as Rasmi or Rashmi, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Raśmi (रश्मि).—One of the 20 Sutapa gaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 100. 15.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Raśmi (रश्मि) is a Sanskrit technical term referring the “reins” of a chariot (yāna). The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.291-292)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

1) Raśmi (रश्मि) is not rarely found in the sense of ‘rope’ generally; but more usually it denotes either the ‘reins’ or the ‘traces’ of a chariot, either sense being equally good in most passages.

2) Raśmi (रश्मि) in the Rigveda and later regularly denotes a ‘ray’ of the sun.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Raśmi (रश्मि, “rays”).—According to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV), there are occasions (samaya) when the Buddha emits great rays (raśmi) and manifests his great miraculous power (ṛddhibala): when he attains bodhi, when he turns the wheel of Dharma (dharmacakra), when a great assembly of Devas and Āryas gathers, when he astounds the heretics (tīrthika). He emits great rays on all these occasions. Indeed, it is in order to manifest his superiority (viśeṣa) that he emits great rays, so that all the beings of the ten directions, human and divine, so that all the Arhats, Pratyekabuddhas and Bodhisattvas might know him by sight. This is why he enters into the samādhirājasamādhi.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

1) Raśmi (रश्मि) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Raśmi).

2) Raśmī (रश्मी) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Raśmi.—(IE 7-1-2), probably confused with śīta-raśmi and used to indicate ‘one’. Note: raśmi is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

rasmi : (f.) a cord; a rein; ray of light.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Rasmi, see raṃsi. (Page 567)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

raśmi (रश्मि).—m S A ray of light.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

raśmi (रश्मि).—m A ray of light.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).—[aś-mi dhāto ruṭ, raś-mi vā; cf. Uṇ.4.46]

1) A string, cord, rope; अपतद्देवराजस्य मुक्तरश्मिरिव ध्वजः (apataddevarājasya muktaraśmiriva dhvajaḥ) Rām.4.17.2.

2) A bridle, rein; मुक्तेषु रश्मिषु निरायतपूर्व- कायाः (mukteṣu raśmiṣu nirāyatapūrva- kāyāḥ) Ś.1.8; रश्मिसंयमनात् (raśmisaṃyamanāt) Ś.1; Ki.7.19.

3) A goad, whip.

4) A beam, ray of light; ज्योतीषि वर्तयति च प्रवि- भक्तरश्मिः (jyotīṣi vartayati ca pravi- bhaktaraśmiḥ) Ś.7.6; N.22.56; so हिमरश्मि (himaraśmi) &c.

5) An eyelash.

6) A measuring cord; परि यो रश्मिना दिवो (pari yo raśminā divo) Ṛv.8. 25.18.

7) A finger (Ved.).

Derivable forms: raśmiḥ (रश्मिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).—f. (in Sanskrit m. except Ch. U. 8.6.2 etā… raśmayaḥ, em. Boehtl. ete; but in Pali f. forms, such as rasmiyo n.-acc. pl., are not rare), ray: sā hi raśmir Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 24.1 (verse); raśmiś cacāra, sā sarvā…Lalitavistara 3.14, and tasyā… raśmyā(ḥ, abl.) 4.6 (both prose).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).—m.

(-śmiḥ) 1. A ray of light. 2. A rein, a bridle. 3. An eye-lash. E. to pervade, Unadi aff. mi, raśa substituted for the radical.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).— (i. e. raś + mi; with raś cf. probably [Latin] laqueus, cf. rasanā), m. 1. A rein, [Nala] 19, 22. 2. A ray of light, [Pañcatantra] 162, 11. 3. An eyelash.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raśmi (रश्मि).—[masculine] ([feminine]) line, cord, trace, rein, whip, measuring rope; ray or beam of light.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raśmi (रश्मि):—m. (exceptionally f.; cf. raśanā and, [Uṇādi-sūtra iv, 46]) a string, rope, cord, trace, rein, bridle, leash, goad, whip (also [figuratively] applied to the fingers), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) a measuring cord, [Ṛg-veda viii, 25, 18]

3) a ray of light, beam, splendour, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) = anna, food, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xv, 16]

5) = pakṣa, or pakṣman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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