Atala, Aṭala: 17 definitions



Atala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands of The Seven Lower Worlds.—Atala: the Patāka hand twisted downwards is applicable.

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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Atala (अतल).—This is one of the seven sections of Pātāla. The seven sections are: Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Talātala, Mahātala, Rasātala, Pātāla. Of them Atala has been described as follows: Atala is the first world of Pātāla. There reigns Bala, the son of Maya who is the famous but haughty magician. He has created 96 Mayas who are capable of granting all kinds of desires. Even now certain persons who are interested in the practice of Black magic, learn some of these 96 arts and practise them. When this mighty fellow opens his mouth for yawning, three groups of women known as Puṃścalīs, Svairiṇīs and Kāminīs emerge from his mouth. He has with him a rasāyana called hāṭaka with which he can eaisly entice and seduce all who enter Atala and to strengthen them for satisfying his lust. After enticing them with it, he enjoys uncontrolled pleasure with them, showering on them his amorous glances, bewitching smiles and embraces. (Devī Bhāgavata, Aṣṭama Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Atala (अतल).—1 —a thigh of the cosmic Puruṣa; is dependent on the loins of the Puruṣa.2 An underworld, ruled by Bala, son of Maya.3 The fourth world of pink (pīta) soil and residence of daityas like Kālanemi.4

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 1. 27.
  • 2) Ib. II. 5. 40.
  • 3) Ib. V. 24. 7 & 16.
  • 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 12, 14, 32-34.

1b) An underworld of dark earth; here is the house of Namuci, the Indra of the Asuras besides those of Śaṅkukarṇa, Nāgas, Rākṣasas, etc. White soil.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 11, 13 and 15-19. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 2, 3.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Atala (अतल) refers to:—A planet. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aṭala, (adj.) (cp. Sk. aṭṭa & aṭṭālaka stronghold) solid, firm, strong, only in phrase aṭaliyo upāhanā strong sandals M. II, 155 (vv. ll. paṭaliye & agaliyo) = S. I, 226 (vv. ll. āṭaliyo & āṭaliko). At the latter passage Bdhgh. expls. gaṇaṅgaṇ-ûpāhanā, Mrs. Rh. D. (Kindred Sayings I. 291) trsls. “buskined shoes”. (Page 15)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṭaḷa (अटळ).—a unc (a & ṭaḷaṇēṃ) That cannot be averted or escaped.

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aṭāḷā (अटाळा).—m (See aṭōḷā Sig. I.) An erection in a corn-field.

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atala (अतल).—n (S) A division of the infernal regions, the hell immediately below the earth.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṭaḷa (अटळ).—a Unavoidable, that cannot be avoided or escaped.

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atala (अतल).—m A division of the infernal regions.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṭala (अटल).—a. [na. ta.] Firm, steady, solid.

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Atala (अतल).—a. Bottomless.

-lam [asya bhūkhaṇḍasya talaṃ pṛṣo° idamo'tvam] Name of a पाताल (pātāla) or lower region, one of the 7 Pātālas, being the first among them.

-laḥ Name of Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ātāla (आताल).—(m. or nt.), probably watchtower: Lalitavistara 193.18 (verse) prāsādeṣu gavākṣatoraṇavareṣv ātāla-mañceṣu ca (all parts of a building). Apparently = Sanskrit aṭṭāla (also aṭṭa); Tibetan Lalitavistara yaṅ thog, which [Tibetan-English Dictionary] defines by the highest storey of a house, also…a dome, and which in Mahāvyutpatti 5522 renders aṭṭa = aṭṭāla.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṭala (अटल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Immoveable, unchangeable.

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Atala (अतल).—n.

(-laṃ) A particular hell or division of the infernal regions, the portin immediately below the earth. E. a neg. and tala bottom.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atala (अतल).—n. the name of a hell, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 209, 2.

Atala is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms a and tala (तल).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Atala (अतल).—[neuter] [Name] of a cert. hell (lit. bottomless).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṭala (अटल):—[=a-ṭala] mfn. not shaky, firm, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) Atala (अतल):—[=a-tala] n. bottomless

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a hell beneath the earth

4) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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