Atala, aka: Aṭala; 9 Definition(s)
Atala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
One of the Hands of The Seven Lower Worlds.—Atala: the Patāka hand twisted downwards is applicable.Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Atala (अतल).—This is one of the seven sections of Pātāla. The seven sections are: Atala, Vitala, Sutala, Talātala, Mahātala, Rasātala, Pātāla. Of them Atala has been described as follows: Atala is the first world of Pātāla. There reigns Bala, the son of Maya who is the famous but haughty magician. He has created 96 Mayas who are capable of granting all kinds of desires. Even now certain persons who are interested in the practice of Black magic, learn some of these 96 arts and practise them. When this mighty fellow opens his mouth for yawning, three groups of women known as Puṃścalīs, Svairiṇīs and Kāminīs emerge from his mouth. He has with him a rasāyana called hāṭaka with which he can eaisly entice and seduce all who enter Atala and to strengthen them for satisfying his lust. After enticing them with it, he enjoys uncontrolled pleasure with them, showering on them his amorous glances, bewitching smiles and embraces. (Devī Bhāgavata, Aṣṭama Skandha).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Atala (अतल).—1 —a thigh of the cosmic Puruṣa; is dependent on the loins of the Puruṣa.2 An underworld, ruled by Bala, son of Maya.3 The fourth world of pink (pīta) soil and residence of daityas like Kālanemi.4
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 1. 27.
- 2) Ib. II. 5. 40.
- 3) Ib. V. 24. 7 & 16.
- 4) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 20. 12, 14, 32-34.
1b) An underworld of dark earth; here is the house of Namuci, the Indra of the Asuras besides those of Śaṅkukarṇa, Nāgas, Rākṣasas, etc. White soil.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 50. 11, 13 and 15-19. Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 5. 2, 3.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Aṭala, (adj.) (cp. Sk. aṭṭa & aṭṭālaka stronghold) solid, firm, strong, only in phrase aṭaliyo upāhanā strong sandals M. II, 155 (vv. ll. paṭaliye & agaliyo) = S. I, 226 (vv. ll. āṭaliyo & āṭaliko). At the latter passage Bdhgh. expls. gaṇaṅgaṇ-ûpāhanā, Mrs. Rh. D. (Kindred Sayings I. 291) trsls. “buskined shoes＂. (Page 15)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
aṭaḷa (अटळ).—a unc (a & ṭaḷaṇēṃ) That cannot be averted or escaped.
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aṭāḷā (अटाळा).—m (See aṭōḷā Sig. I.) An erection in a corn-field.
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atala (अतल).—n (S) A division of the infernal regions, the hell immediately below the earth.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
aṭaḷa (अटळ).—a Unavoidable, that cannot be avoided or escaped.
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atala (अतल).—m A division of the infernal regions.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Aṭala (अटल).—a. [na. ta.] Firm, steady, solid.
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Atala (अतल).—a. Bottomless.
-lam [asya bhūkhaṇḍasya talaṃ pṛṣo° idamo'tvam] Name of a पाताल (pātāla) or lower region, one of the 7 Pātālas, being the first among them.
-laḥ Name of Śiva.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Immoveable, unchangeable.
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(-laṃ) A particular hell or division of the infernal regions, the portin immediately below the earth. E. a neg. and tala bottom.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Talātala (तलातल).—n. (-laṃ) One of the seventh divisions of the infernal regions. E. tala below...
Atalasparśa (अतलस्पर्श).—a. [na. tale spṛśyate karmaṇi kvip; na talasya sparśo yatra] bottomles...
Atalaspṛśū (अतलस्पृशू).—a. [na. tale spṛśyate karmaṇi kvip; na talasya sparśo yatra] bottomless...
Loka (लोक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. Man, mankind. 2. A world, a division of the universe; in general three...
Pāṭala (पाटल) is the name of a flower used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa ...
Bala (बल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Strong, stout, robust, powerful. m. (-laḥ) 1. Bala- Deva, the eld...
Bhīma (भीम) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Kāminī Devī they pr...
Rasātala (रसातल).—n. (-laṃ) 1. Patala; the seven infernal regions under the earth, and the resi...
Hataka (हतक).—m. (-kaḥ) A coward, a poltroon. f. (-kā) Adj. Miserable, ill-bred, (generally use...
Namuci (नमुचि).—m. (-ciḥ) 1. The deity of love. 2. A demon so named. E. na negative, muc to loo...
Vyāhṛtī (व्याहृती) are the mystical utterances, seven in number, viz. “bhūḥ, bhuvaḥ, svaḥ, maha...
Jalanidhi (जलनिधि).—m. (-dhiḥ) The ocean. E. jala water and nidhi a nest. nidhīyate asmin ni-dh...
Saptapātāla (सप्तपाताल).—the seven regions of the earth (i. e. atala, vitala, sutala, mahātala,...
Aṇḍakaṭāha (अण्डकटाह).—The entire universe consisting of the fourteen worlds, which are: Bhūlok...
Saptaloka (सप्तलोक) refers to the “seven worlds”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.15:—“[...] wh...
Search found 20 books and stories containing Atala, Aṭala, Aṭaḷa, Aṭāḷā, Aṭālā, Ātāla; (plurals include: Atalas, Aṭalas, Aṭaḷas, Aṭāḷās, Aṭālās, Ātālas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Devi Bhagavata Purana (by Swami Vijñanananda)
Chapter 21 - On the narrative of hells < [Book 8]
The Mirror of Gesture (abhinaya-darpana) (by Ananda Coomaraswamy)
The Brahmanda Purana (by G.V. Tagare)
Notes on the fourteen worlds < [Notes]
Chapter 20 - Description of the netherworlds (pātāla) < [Section 2 - Anuṣaṅga-pāda]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter LVII - Cosmogeny of Hell and the nether regions < [Agastya Samhita]
The Bhagavata Purana (by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada)
Chapter 24 - The Subterranean Heavenly Planets < [Canto V - The Creative Impetus]
Chapter 1 - The First Step in God Realization < [Canto II - The Cosmic Manifestation]
Chapter 5 - The Cause of All Causes < [Canto II - The Cosmic Manifestation]
The Shiva Purana (by J. L. Shastri)
Chapter 15 - Description of the Nether worlds (pātāla) < [Section 5 - Umā-Saṃhitā]
Chapter 48 - Swallowing of Śukra < [Section 2.5 - Rudra-saṃhitā (5): Yuddha-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 15 - The manifestation of Rudra < [Section 2.1 - Rudra-saṃhitā (1): Sṛśṭi-khaṇḍa]