Anaka, Annaka, Āṇaka, Ānaka, Ānakā, Aṇaka: 18 definitions


Anaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Ānaka (आनक).—A person of the Yādava dynasty. (See under YĀDAVAVAṂŚA).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ānaka (आनक) refers to a type of musical instrument, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.47 (“The ceremonious entry of Śiva”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] Viṣṇu, Indra, the other guardians of the quarters and I going ahead shone with great brilliance and splendour. In that great festivity conches were blown, drums were beaten and the musical instruments, Paṭaha, Ānaka and Gomukha were played on, repeatedly. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Ānaka (आनक).—A son of Śūra and Māriṣā. Married Kankā and had two sons—Satyajit and Purujit.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 28 and 41.

1b) A kind of divine musical instrument.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 83. 30; Matsya-purāṇa 135. 83. 140-43; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 145; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 147.

2) Ānakā (आनका).—A son of Ugrasena.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 20.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A mutinga (kettle drum) belonging to the Dasarahas. As it grew old and began to split, they fixed in another peg, and this process was continued, until, at last, the original drumhead vanished, leaving only the framework of pegs (S.ii.266). The origin of the drum is related in the Kakkata Jataka. When the Golden Crab, there mentioned, was trampled to death by the elephants, his two claws broke away from his body and lay apart in the Kuliradaha, where he lived. During the floods the water flowed from the Ganges into this lake, running back again when the floods subsided. The two claws were thus carried into the Ganges. One of them reached the sea, and the Asuras, picking it up, made thereof the drum named Alambara. The other was picked up by the Ten Royal Brothers (evidently the Dasarahas mentioned above) while playing in the river, and they made of it the little drum Anaka (J.ii.344; the Jataka is quoted in SA.ii.167-8, with several variations in detail).

In the Samyutta Commentary (ii.167-8) it is said that the drum was like molten wag in colour, because the crabs claw had been dried by wind and sun. The sound of the drum was heard for twelve leagues, and it was, therefore, used only on festive occasions. On hearing it, the people assembled hurriedly, in various conveyances, decked with splendour. It was called Anaka because it brought the people together as if summoning them (mahajanam pakkositva viya aneti ti Anako).

Later, when the original drumhead had vanished, it could hardly be heard even inside a hall.

The Anaka drum is used as a simile in the Ani Sutta (S.ii.266-7; see also KS.ii.178, n.4).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Āṇaka.—see anna. Note: āṇaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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Anaka.—(EI 20), Prakrit suffixes to male and female names respectively, known from early South Indian inscrip- tions; same as annaka, annikā. Note: anaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Anikā.

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Annaka.—cf. anaka, anikā. Note: annaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

See also (synonyms): Annikā.

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Āṇaka.—Sanskritized form of Muhammadan āna = English anna. Note: āṇaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

āṇaka : (m.) a kettledrum.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ānaka, (Sk. ānaka, cp. Morris J.P.T.S. 1893, 10) a kind of kettledrum, beaten only at one end S.II, 266; J.II, 344; Dpvs XVI, 14. (Page 100)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṇaka (अणक) or Anaka (अनक).—a. [aṇati yathecchaṃ nadati, aṇ-ac kutsāyāṃ kan ca] Very small, contemptible, mean, insignificant, wretched; पापाणके कुत्सितैः (pāpāṇake kutsitaiḥ) P.II.1.54; oft. in comp. in the sense of deterioration or contempt; °कुलालः (kulālaḥ) Sk. a contemptible potter. cf. also मृतेऽपि त्वयि जीवन्त्या किं मयाणक- भार्यया (mṛte'pi tvayi jīvantyā kiṃ mayāṇaka- bhāryayā) Bhaṭṭikāvya 14.58.

-kaḥ A kind of bird.

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Anaka (अनक).—a. Mean, base; See अणक (aṇaka).

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Āṇaka (आणक).—a. [aṇaka eva svārthe aṇ] Low, inferior, vile.

-kam Sexual enjoyment in a particular position; आणकं सुरतं नाम दम्पत्योः पार्श्वसंस्थयोः (āṇakaṃ surataṃ nāma dampatyoḥ pārśvasaṃsthayoḥ) |

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Ānaka (आनक).—[ānayati utsāhavataḥ karoti an-ṇic-ṇvul Tv.]

1) A large military drum (beaten at one end), a double drum, a drum or tabor in general; पणवानक- गोमुखाः । सहसैवाभ्यहन्यन्त (paṇavānaka- gomukhāḥ | sahasaivābhyahanyanta) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.13.

2) The thundercloud. cf. ... आनकः स्वनदम्बुदे । भेर्यां मृदङ्गे पटहे (ānakaḥ svanadambude | bheryāṃ mṛdaṅge paṭahe) ... Nm.

Derivable forms: ānakaḥ (आनकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṇaka (अणक).—mfn. (kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Inferior, low. E. aṇa to sound, ac affix; and kan affix of depreciation; also written aṇṇaka, and āṇaka.

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Anaka (अनक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) inferior, low. See aṇaka.

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Āṇaka (आणक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Low, inferior: see āṇaka.

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Ānaka (आनक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A large military drum, beaten at one end. 2. A double drum. 3. A small drum or tabor. 4. A thunder-cloud, or a cloud to which the noise of the thunder is ascribed. E. āṅa before ana to sound, and vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānaka (आनक).—. m. A drum, [Bhagavadgītā, (ed. Schlegel.)] i, 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ānaka (आनक).—[masculine] a kind of drum.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṇaka (अणक):—[from aṇ] mfn. insignificant, small, contemptible, ([gana] utkarādi q.v.)

2) Anaka (अनक):—mfn. (for aṇaka) inferior (cf. rājānaka).

3) Āṇaka (आणक):—mfn. = aṇ q.v., [Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

4) Ānaka (आनक):—m. ([etymology] doubtful), a large military drum beaten at one end

5) a double drum

6) a small drum or tabor, [Bhagavad-gītā; Harivaṃśa]

7) a thunder-cloud or a cloud to which the thunder is ascribed, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) mfn. energetic, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṇaka (अणक):—m. f. n.

(-kaḥ-kā-kam) Inferior, low. As the first part of a [karmadharaya compound] it implies deterioration or contempt. E. aṇ, kṛt aff. vun. See also anaka and āṇaka.

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Anaka (अनक):—m. f. n.

(-kaḥ-kā-kam) Inferior, low. See aṇaka of which it is given as a various reading. E. See that of aṇaka; another is that from aṇa (aṇ to sound, kṛt aff. ac) and the taddh. aff. of depreciation kan.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṇaka (अणक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Inferior.

2) Anaka (अनक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Inferior, low.

3) Āṇaka (आणक):—[(kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a.] Low.

4) Ānaka (आनक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A large military drum; a thunder-cloud.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Anāka (अनाक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aṇāya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Anaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṇaka (ಅಣಕ):—[noun] a thing, situation that causes a feeling of surprise and delight by its extraordariness; a wonder.

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Aṇaka (ಅಣಕ):—

1) [noun] a flout; a ridicule; mockery.

2) [noun] a treating with derision; the act of laughing at or treating with contempt; derision.

3) [noun] making fun; sport; jest; a joke.

4) [noun] making a show or pretence of, to counterfeit, simulate; act of imitation; acting; feigning.

5) [noun] ludicrous imitation; a parody.

6) [noun] a bitter remark in scorn or contempt; a sarcasm, a satire.

7) [noun] molestation; annoyance.

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Aṇaka (ಅಣಕ):—

1) [noun] the state of being closely situated or attached.

2) [noun] the quality of being willingly obedient; obedience; humility;3) [noun] ಅಣಕವಾಡ ಕೆರೆ ಅನೇಕ ನೀರ ಕೊಳ್ಳುವುದು [anakavada kere aneka nira kolluvudu] aṇakavāḍa kere a nēka nīra koḷḷuvudu (prov.) association with people of varied vocations and experience bring richness to one’s life; proximity to men in power will bring fortune.

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Aṇaka (ಅಣಕ):—[noun] a mean or worthless object.

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Anaka (ಅನಕ):—

1) [adverb] up to the time of; till; until.

2) [adverb] except under the circumstances that; unless.

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Anaka (ಅನಕ):—[noun] a rascal; a scoundrel.

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Anakā (ಅನಕಾ):—

1) [adverb] upto that distance or time.

2) [adverb] by that time; by them.

3) [adverb] upto a short period.

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Annaka (ಅನ್ನಕ):—[adverb] = ಅನ್ನಕಂ [annakam].

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Āṇaka (ಆಣಕ):—[adjective] of low quality or status; mean; vile.

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Ānaka (ಆನಕ):—

1) [noun] a large military drum.

2) [noun] the sound that follows a flash of lightning, caused by the sudden heating and expansion of air by electrical discharge; the thunder.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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