Anaka, aka: Annaka, Āṇaka, Ānaka, Ānakā, Aṇaka; 8 Definition(s)


Anaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ānaka (आनक).—A person of the Yādava dynasty. (See under YĀDAVAVAṂŚA).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Ānaka (आनक).—A son of Śūra and Māriṣā. Married Kankā and had two sons—Satyajit and Purujit.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 28 and 41.

1b) A kind of divine musical instrument.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 83. 30; Matsya-purāṇa 135. 83. 140-43; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 145; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 147.

2) Ānakā (आनका).—A son of Ugrasena.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 20.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A mutinga (kettle drum) belonging to the Dasarahas. As it grew old and began to split, they fixed in another peg, and this process was continued, until, at last, the original drumhead vanished, leaving only the framework of pegs (S.ii.266). The origin of the drum is related in the Kakkata Jataka. When the Golden Crab, there mentioned, was trampled to death by the elephants, his two claws broke away from his body and lay apart in the Kuliradaha, where he lived. During the floods the water flowed from the Ganges into this lake, running back again when the floods subsided. The two claws were thus carried into the Ganges. One of them reached the sea, and the Asuras, picking it up, made thereof the drum named Alambara. The other was picked up by the Ten Royal Brothers (evidently the Dasarahas mentioned above) while playing in the river, and they made of it the little drum Anaka (J.ii.344; the Jataka is quoted in SA.ii.167-8, with several variations in detail).

In the Samyutta Commentary (ii.167-8) it is said that the drum was like molten wag in colour, because the crabs claw had been dried by wind and sun. The sound of the drum was heard for twelve leagues, and it was, therefore, used only on festive occasions. On hearing it, the people assembled hurriedly, in various conveyances, decked with splendour. It was called Anaka because it brought the people together as if summoning them (mahajanam pakkositva viya aneti ti Anako).

Later, when the original drumhead had vanished, it could hardly be heard even inside a hall.

The Anaka drum is used as a simile in the Ani Sutta (S.ii.266-7; see also KS.ii.178, n.4).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Anaka in Pali glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

āṇaka : (m.) a kettledrum.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Ānaka, (Sk. ānaka, cp. Morris J.P.T.S. 1893, 10) a kind of kettledrum, beaten only at one end S.II, 266; J.II, 344; Dpvs XVI, 14. (Page 100)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṇaka (अणक) or Anaka (अनक).—a. [aṇati yathecchaṃ nadati, aṇ-ac kutsāyāṃ kan ca] Very small, contemptible, mean, insignificant, wretched; पापाणके कुत्सितैः (pāpāṇake kutsitaiḥ) P.II.1.54; oft. in comp. in the sense of deterioration or contempt; °कुलालः (kulālaḥ) Sk. a contemptible potter. cf. also मृतेऽपि त्वयि जीवन्त्या किं मयाणक- भार्यया (mṛte'pi tvayi jīvantyā kiṃ mayāṇaka- bhāryayā) Bk.14.58.

-kaḥ A kind of bird.

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Anaka (अनक).—a. Mean, base; See अणक (aṇaka).

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Āṇaka (आणक).—a. [aṇaka eva svārthe aṇ] Low, inferior, vile.

-kam Sexual enjoyment in a particular position; आणकं सुरतं नाम दम्पत्योः पार्श्वसंस्थयोः (āṇakaṃ surataṃ nāma dampatyoḥ pārśvasaṃsthayoḥ) |

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Ānaka (आनक).—[ānayati utsāhavataḥ karoti an-ṇic-ṇvul Tv.]

1) A large military drum (beaten at one end), a double drum, a drum or tabor in general; पणवानक- गोमुखाः । सहसैवाभ्यहन्यन्त (paṇavānaka- gomukhāḥ | sahasaivābhyahanyanta) Bg.1.13.

2) The thundercloud. cf. ... आनकः स्वनदम्बुदे । भेर्यां मृदङ्गे पटहे (ānakaḥ svanadambude | bheryāṃ mṛdaṅge paṭahe) ... Nm.

Derivable forms: ānakaḥ (आनकः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṇaka (अणक).—mfn. (kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Inferior, low. E. aṇa to sound, ac affix; and kan affix of depreciation; also written aṇṇaka, and āṇaka.

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Anaka (अनक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) inferior, low. See aṇaka.

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Āṇaka (आणक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Low, inferior: see āṇaka.

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Ānaka (आनक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A large military drum, beaten at one end. 2. A double drum. 3. A small drum or tabor. 4. A thunder-cloud, or a cloud to which the noise of the thunder is ascribed. E. āṅa before ana to sound, and vun aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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