Citraka; 11 Definition(s)


Citraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Chitraka.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Citraka (चित्रक) is a Sanskrit word referring to Plumbago zeylanica (Ceylon leadwort), a plant species in the Plumbaginaceae family. Certain plant parts of Citraka are eaten as a vegetable (śāka), according to Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Āyurvedic work. The plant is therefore part of the Śākavarga group of medicinal plants, referring to the “group of vegetables/pot-herbs”. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic value of the plant. Other commonly used English names include “doctorbush”. It grows throughout India. The literal translation of citraka is “painter”. It is also known as Dahana.

This plant (Citraka) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Vahni.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Citraka (चित्रक) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Citraka) various roles suitable to them.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Citraka in Purana glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

Citraka (चित्रक).—(CITRA, CITRABĀI.A). A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. Bhīma killed him in the great war. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 137).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Citraka (चित्रक).—A son of Vṛṣṇi; (Pṛṣṇi, Vāyu-purāṇa); father of a number of sons and daughters; brother of Svaphalka.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 102, 114; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 101, 113-14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 14. 5-6, 11.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Citraka (चित्रक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.46.21) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Citraka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geogprahy

Citraka.—(IA 8), ‘a painter’; epithet of the engraver of an inscription. Note: citraka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Citraka in Marathi glossary... « previous · [C] · next »

citraka (चित्रक).—m (S) Ceylon leadwort, Plumbago Zeylanica. 2 A leopard. See cittā.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

citraka (चित्रक).—m A leopard.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Citraka (चित्रक).—a.

1) Bright, lovely, agreeable.

2) Brave, powerful.

-kaḥ 1 A painter.

2) A tiger in general.

3) A small hunting leopard; खरोष्ट्रमहिषाः सिंहा व्याघ्राः सृमरचित्रकाः (kharoṣṭramahiṣāḥ siṃhā vyāghrāḥ sṛmaracitrakāḥ) Mb.7.3.19.

4) Name of a tree.

-kam 1 A sectarial mark on the forehead. (tanute) कस्तूरिकाचित्रक- मङ्कशङ्काम् (kastūrikācitraka- maṅkaśaṅkām) Rām. Ch.6.69.

2) A particular manner of fighting.

3) Name of a wood near the mountain Raivataka.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Citraka (चित्रक).—[, see cintaka.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Citraka (चित्रक).—m.

(-kaḥ) 1. The Chita or small hunting leopard. 2. A painter. 3. The castor oil plant. 4. A medical plant, (Plumbago zeylanica.) n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A mark made with Sandal, &c. on the forehead. E. kan added to the preceding. citramiva kāyati kai-ka; citra-svārthe ka vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 55 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sucitraka (सुचित्रक).—m. (-kaḥ) 1. A king-fisher. 2. A kind of peckled snake. E. su much, citra...
Pandhara Citraka
pāṇḍharā citraka (पांढरा चित्रक).—m A white variety of citraka.
Bhāṣācitraka (भाषाचित्रक).—a play on words, conundrum. Derivable forms: bhāṣācitrakam (भाषाचित्...
Binducitraka (बिन्दुचित्रक).—the spotted antelope. Derivable forms: binducitrakaḥ (बिन्दुचित्रक...
Carmacitraka (चर्मचित्रक).—white leprosy. Derivable forms: carmacitrakam (चर्मचित्रकम्).Carmaci...
Tambada Citraka
tāmbaḍā citraka (तांबडा चित्रक).—m Red leadwort, Plumbago rosea.
Agni (अग्नि).—m. (-gniḥ) 1. Fire, always associated with the idea of the deity presiding over i...
Citta (चित्त) refers to the “mind”, as defined in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chap...
Śravaṇa (श्रवण) is the name of a Vākchomā (‘verbal secrect sign’) which has its meaning defined...
Pṛthu (पृथु).—mfn. (-thuḥ-thuḥ-thvī-thu) 1. Large, great. 2. Smart, clever. m. (-thuḥ) 1. The f...
Śambara (शम्बर).—n. (-raṃ) 1. Water. 2. A religious observance. 3. Wealth. m. (-raḥ) 1. A Daity...
Aśva (अश्व).—m. (-śvaḥ) 1. A horse. 2. A set or cast of men horse-like in strength. du. (-śvī) ...
Kanda (कन्द).—mn. (-ndaḥ-ndaṃ) 1. A bulbous or tuberous root. 2. One of an esculent sort, (Arum...
Anala (अनल) is the name of a Kṣetrapāla (field-protector) and together with Ambikā Devī they pr...
Dīpaka (दीपक).—mfn. (-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Making luminous or beautiful. 2. Kindling, inflaming. 3. E...

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